- Spanish Netherlands Cavalry order of battle on 1 January 1703
Composition of the Spanish Netherlands cavalry regiments
My starting point for making a description of the Spanish Netherlands cavalry regiments is a table made in August 17011. It had been made after a review of the Spanish Netherlands cavalry and dragoons that same month. The problem in making a list of Spanish Cavalry regiments on 1 January 1703 is that the succession of colonels on these regiments is not very clear. I succeeded in scraping together data for most of the 1701 regiments, but for some units I just had to use the names found during 1703. The list of regiments is closed with some data about regiments that could not be linked to the 1703 regiments. Here is the 1701 list to the right of units mentioned in a 1694 OOB. To those is added later information about these regiments. Regiments that could not be traced back to 1701 are preceeded by 'nt'
|Swarte & Witte||Three Guard Comp. or G. Wallons||Ditto||Ditto||Ditto||Ditto||Ditto|
|Comp. vd Gos Cav.||Comp. Gen. of Cav. Grigny||Grigny||Egmont||Egmont||Egmont||Beaumont in 1718|
|Comp. vd Lt-Gen du Puis / Puy||Comp. Lt-Gen. Brancaccio|
|Comp. vd Lt-Gen Moncadi||Comp. Lt-Gen. Chaconne||Croy||Acosta||Acosta||Acosta||Algarve in 1718|
|Terce Furnau||Chevalier de Fourneaux||Fourneaux||Glimes||Glimes||Correl||Farnesio in 1718|
|Terce Boria||Baron de Noirmont||Cano||Cano||Cano||Cano||Barcelona in 1718|
|Comte de Toulougeon||Toulongeon||Toulongeon||Toulongeon||Toulongeon|
|Baron Caurires**||De Gaëtan||Gaetano||Gaetano G||Gaetano||Gaetano|
|Prince de Chimay||Chimay||La Catoire||La Catoire||La Catoire|
|De Cécile||Cécile||Cécile||Cécile||Cécile||Alcantara in 1718|
|De Fraula||Fraula||Fraula||Fraula||De Fraula|
|Terce Penalossa||De Penalosa||?Heyder||?Heyder||?Heyder||?Heyder|
|Terce Ribaucourt||Comte de Ribaucourt / Espinosa||Los Rios||Los Rios||Los Rios||Los Rios||Malta in 1717|
|Chevalier de Berghes|
|Rysborg drag.||Risbourg (dragoons)|
|Valancar drag.||De Valansart (dragoons)|
|Stenhausen drag.||De Ferrare (dragoons)|
|Marquis van Avers||Bef. 1701 Landas/Louvignies*||louvigny|
|Terce Wintemila||nt Beaussart||nt Beaussart||nt Beaussart||nt Druhot*|
|nt Liekerque||nt Liekerque||nt Fresin*||nt Fresin|
|*see description||**François J. d'ongnies, baron de Courrieres dead 26 April 1701.|
Companies of the Electoral Guard or Gardes Wallons
The Gardes Wallons were the elite cavalry unit of the Spanish Netherlands. It had three squadrons which were mounted on grey, black and 'bais' horses. A designation as 'Gardes de l'electeur de Bavière' can refer to these Gardes Wallon, but also to the Guard units of the Bavarian army. In july 1696 the Electoral guard was at Corbais with 2 squadrons2.
In the Chevaux Noirs Don Antonio Lieva was succeeded by Don Domingo y Sassy in March 1674 LGdA 15 March 1674. In 1697 Del Valle was governor of the Gardes, and Andrez Benites was Captain of the White Horse Company OHC 13 April 1697
The next mention I have is from 17012a. In April 1702 the 'company' on 'cheveaux bais' was in camp between Antwerp and Lier2b. In September 1702 two squadrons of the Garde de l'electeur were mentioned as joining Tallard on his expedition to Bonn2c. They are also mentioned in 17052d. Later mentions are from 10 August 1706 with 2 squadrons, 1707 and 1708.
Don Rodrigo de Peralta y Cascales, knight of the order of Calatrava since 1685, was colonel of the Chevaux-gris2e. He was taken prisoner when the Brabant lines were forced and designated as Monsieur de Perlata, brigadier/General in the Service of Spain and Captain of the Elector of Bavaria's Guards2f.
Comte de Toulongeon
The fuirst mention I have of the cavalry regiment of the Comte de Toulongeon is from May 1698 when its numbers were reduced while it was in Courtray. It was then mentioned with , 2 squadrons 17016. In late December 1701 it was expected back in Mons from Liege. In April 1702 it was between Lier and Aarschot6b. In September 1702 the Toulongeon was in Boufflers'army6c. In early February it was ordered to move from Mons6d. On 17 June 1703 the Toulongeon was with the main army of Vileroy and Boufflers6e. In February 1704 the Toulongeon was near or ordered to Charleroi6f. On 24 May 1705 the Toulongeon cavalry was on the Upper Rhine6g.
De Courrières / De Gaëtano ITALIAN
In May 1698 the Courrières regiment was in Courtray, where its numbers were reduced(OHC #21 May 1698). That Gaetano succeeded the Baron de Courrières is certain. In june 1700 the OHC mentioned that Sieur Gaetano had got the regiment that the Baron de Courrières used to have. This is important because the February 1699 remark that 'it was then supposed that the 'German' regiments of Landa and Gaetano might be reformed' (cf Landas and the reform paragraph) then obviously does not regard this regiment that Gaetano got later. In August 1701 the OHC designated this regiment as 'Italian' (OHC 11-08-1701).
The next mention I have of the cavalry regiment of De Gaëtan is from 1701 when it had 2 squadrons7. On 7 November 1701 it had arrived to garrisson Roermond7a. In the winter of 1701-1702 it was in Upper Guelre7b. In spring it 1702 it was part of Boufflers' army with 2 squadrons7c. In September 1702 the Gaetano regiment was in Boufflers army7d. On 1 February 1703 it was ordered to go to Luxembourg in stead of Bergues7e. On 6 June 1703 it was part of the army of the Rhine7f. Early in 1704 it was still in Alsace7g. It then marched in to Germany as part of Tallard's army. On 12 May 1705 the Gaetano was in Villeroy's army with 2 squadrons 8. 1706 10 August 2 squadrons; 1708
Prince de Chimay / La Catoire
The cavalry regiment of the Prince de Chimay was among the garrison when Ath was besieged by the French in 1697. At the time the colonel was not present and he entered Ath during the siege. In the detail of this action it was stated that La Catoire was lieutenant-colonel of the Chimay regiment9. The first specific mention of the Prince de Chimay cavalry regiment under Fleipe V is of 1701 when it had 2 squadrons9b. Its commander was Alexandre Gabriel Joseph de Hennin-Liétard d'Alsace (1681-1745), lieutenant-general in 1706. In September 1702 the Chimay regiment was mentioned as going with the expedition to Bonn under Tallard9c. On 17 June 1703 the Chimay regiment was with the main force9d. The regiment of La Catoire that appears on 29 February 1704 is most probably the same as this one, with the lieutenant-colonel succeeding.
In July 1696 the Fraula regiment is mentioned as fielding one squadron together with the 'Craupani'12. The next mention I have of a cavalry regiment De Fraula is of 1701 when it had 2 squadrons12a. In April 1702 it was mentioned as having to guard the borders in a camp near Liège with 2 squadrons12b. In September 1702 it was in Liège12c. In June 1703 it was with the main force under Vileroy and Boufflers12d. On 12 May 1705 the De Fraula cavalry was with the main force under Villeroy with two squadrons13. On 10 August 1706 it was mentioned with 1 squadron.
The colonel was probably Martin Fraula, third son of Nicolas Fraula (1614-?) and Marie Anthoine. Martin became colonel, brigadier, governor of Vic (catalonia) and died in Tortona 25 August 1717.
The oldest mention I have of the cavalry (not dragoon) regiment Hartman is of July 1696 when it was in the order of Battle near Corbais with 1 squadron14. The Hartman regiment was again mentioned in 1701 when it had 2 squadrons 170114b. On 5 August the Hartman was mentioned as going to Soubise (OHC 11 Aug. 1701). The Colonel of this regiment was Nicolas de Hartman, governor of Arlon. Cited as colonel of a 'Régiment de Cuirassiers hauts-allemands a cheval et gouverneur de cette ville'. As governor of Arlon he was last mentioned on 24 May 1705.
Landas / Louvignies
In June 1698 we have a mention of Max Emanuel giving the regiment of the Marquis d'Avesse to the Comte de Louvignies, who was lieutenant-colonel of this regiment14c. In February 1699 it was then supposed that the 'German' regiments of Landa and Gaetano might be reformed14d. Unlike the cavalry regiments mentioned above, the Landas regiment was not mentioned in the mid 1701 'Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols'. However, on 12 August 1701 there was a message from Aeth that the Hartman regiment and the regiment Landas a.k.a. Louvignie had arrived in Flanders (OHC 18 Aug. 1701).
In the winter of 1701-1702 the 'Landas' was mentioned with 2 squadrons14e The link between the Landas regiment and the Louvigny is in the Landas family, who were Marquis de Louvigny. In April 1702 a Louvigny regiment is mentioned as being with the force in Upper/Gelre14f. In mid 1702 a Louvigny regiment is mentioned as 'Louvigny' at the end of the list of Spanish Netherlands cavalry in the order of battle with 2 squadrons14g. In August / September at least one of the Louvigny escadrons was in the siege of Venloo (Quincy).
On a 4 May 1703 disposition the Louvigny regiment was destined for the main force in Brabant. A 17 Juni 1703 disposition of all troops in Flanders sorted on the nationality of the troops again has the Louvigny with the Spanish cavarly14h. On 14 October 1703 the Louvigny was in Pracontal's detachment that marched to the Battle of the Speyerbach14i.
De Penalosa / Havré / Heyder
The oldest mention I have of the cavalry regiment De Penalosa is of 1694. In 1701 it had 2 squadrons 170115. Of all the 1701 regiments only the German Hartman and the Penalosa are not present in 1702. For the Penaloza regiment we do however have a note that that Havré would get itOHC 17 Dec 1701.
The Havré regiment is present in a 17 April 1702 OOB as being in camp near Liège (Pelet). In a 5 June 1702 plan it was to camp near Maastricht (Pelet). On 17 September it was in an OOB of a detachment led by 'T Serclaes (Pelet). In late September 1702 the Havré was in Liège, from where it might join 't Serclaes again (Pelet).
That the Penalosa became the Heyder I can only prove by a rather weak evidence. For Penalosa there were more candidates: Beaussart, Liedekerke and Heyder. I opted for Heyder, because in 1705 it lost a number of prisoners with names that sound Spanish.
The first mention I have of the Heyder is of 4 May 1703. Later on it was mentioned on 4 August 170315b. It was also mentioned in October 170315c. Judging by the fact that Colonel Heyder was taken prisoner the Heyder regiment was at Blenheim. The main part of the regiment seems to have survived this because in August 1704 the regiment was in Alsace with two squadrons (though nothing is stated about their strength)15d. Colonel Heyder himself arrived in England as a prisoner in December 170415e.
On 12 May 1705 the Heyder regiment was in the main force under Villeroy15f. In the 18 July 1705 battle of Heylissem the Heyder was beaten by the alliance cavalry. As prisoners it lost: Mr. Rivera 'colonel'; Major de Murua, Captain Gonzalo; Lietenant Pertaux and Cornet de Poussiou15g. Major Murua was exchanged and promoted to Lieutenant-colonel. He was taken again at the surrender of Dendermonde in September 170615h.
Regiments which have not yet been traced back to regiments in the 1701 list:
Comte de Beaussart / Druhot
It seems there was a Spanish Netherlands Beausard cavalry regiment and a French Fonbeausard dragoon regiment and there was some confusion between them. That these were indeed separate regiments is proven by an OOB of December 1704 in which both of them are present (Pelet tome 4 page 954). On 3 June 1702 the 'Fonbeausard' regiment was in the reserve of Catinat's army on the Rhine as a cavalry regiment (Pelet 1702 p 786). Later it was mentioned as a dragoon regiment.
On 17 june 1703 the 'Fonbeausard' regiment appears in between a list of spanish cavalry regiments, by which we conclude that the a Spanish cavalry regiment was meant. Looking back we see it appear on 4 May 1703. The 'Beaussart' was also present on 16 February 1704 (Pelet tome 04 Page 677 and folowing). A good candidate to have been the colonel of this regiment is Jean François de Melun Comte de Beausart, a younger brother of the Marquis de Richebourg. In 1705 the Beausart regiment was in the army which defended the Brabant lines and suffered significant losses. Among those taken prisoner were: Captain Baron de Meulebecq; Capt. Baron de Bergeyck (Jean Philip Joseph de Brouchoven Baron de Bergeyck dead in 1709 ?); Lt. Micque Chalony; Lt. Jean Jacques; Cornet Carega; Cornet de Beragan; QM de Wickersloot31.
On 15 May 1706 the Beaussart was in the OOB for Ramillies. In August 1706 we're able to retrieve all Spanish regiments in an OOB, except for the Glimes and the Beaussart. Because SAMANIEGO gives that Glimes was succeeded by Corral, we must assume that the Beaussart became the only new name, that is Druhot.
The Druhot regiment is mentioned in Flanders in August 1707 OHC 9 August 1707
Liedekerke / Fresin
The Lydekerk first appears on 4 May 1703, it's also mentioned on 17 June 170328. From December 1703 there is a letter by Colonel de Liedekerke on account of some money he wanted from the citizens of Wavre Navorscher 41. In November 1704 the Comte de Frezin-Arberg got 'le régiment de cavalerie du feu chevalier de Likerque, mort depuis peu en cette ville (Brussel)' (Amesterdam Avec privilege 14 Nov 1704) From this we can deduce that this Liedekerke was ... de Liedekercke, Colonel & brigadier de cavalarie mort le 1. Nov. 1704 et enterré a Wavere. He was married to Marie-Jaqueline van Boeckhout. From another source: Albert François de Liedekerke dead 3 November 1704 De Navorscher
On 30 March 1703 Felipe V made a large promotion of senior officers in Flanders: The comte de Soye (infantry); the prince de Berghes (infantry); the comte de Horn (cavalry); Monsieur de Covarruvias(infantry); De Bay (cavalry) and Saint Maurice (infantry) became lieutenant-generals. The chevalier de Fourneau; the comte de Varo; the comte de Ribaucourt and Baron Wrangel were made major-generals (Marechaux de Camp). M. de Cecile, M. d'Alvelda and M. de Grouff became brigadiers OHC 29 March 1703. I've added my interpretation of whether the lietenant-generals were cavalry of infantry. It seems that such ranks obliged their owners to sell their regiments. In order to show this I sum up:
- Comte de Soye: not known
- Prince de Berghes: regiment not kown
- Comte de Horne: regiment not known after 1702
- Covarruvias: Probably the marquis de Covarruvias, governor of Ostende
- De Bay: not known
- Saint Maurice: not known
- Fourneau: became Glimes in 1703
- The comte de Ribaucourt: regiment became Los Rios in 1703
- Baron Wrangel: infantry regiment
- Comte de Vars: Probably de Varo
Regiments disappearing before 1702
Brancaccio Till Sep 1702
The earliest mention I have of the Brancaccio regiment is from 1690 when it was ordered from Brussel to the castle of Bossu in order to retrieve the garrison there19. In July 1696 the 'Brancatio' was in the order of battle of King William's army near Corbais19b. Its numbers were reduced while it was in Courtray in May 1698. Later on it's mentioned in the cavalry list of 1701 when it had 2 squadrons, with 1 still forming but expected to be ready at the end of August19c. In April 1702 it was in camp between Antwerp and Lier with 2 squadrons19d. On 28 September 1702 the Brancaccio was in the second line of Boufflers'army19e.
The colonel of this regiment was most probably Scipio Brancaccio. In September 1701 it was noted that Francisco Ronquillo could not go to Cadiz, where he had just been appointed governor, and Brancaccio was appointed ad interim. This Brancaccio was lt-general of cavalry in the Spanish Netherlands, and therefore colonel of this regiment, and it was believed that De Bay would become lieutenant-general in his place (OHC 25 Aug 1701). In March 1705 it was noted that Scipio had retired as governor of Cadiz because of old age. In April 1706 Major General Brancaccio was mentioned as crossing the Ebro.
Chevalier de Berghes Till 1 Feb 1703
On 1 October the horses of the Spanish Cavalry regiments of Berghes and Steenhuizen were sold OHC 5 October 1697. One can think that this 'Berghes' was Philippe-François de Glymes, prince de Berghes, but he was général de bataille since 1684. It's more likely that this was his brother the Chevalier de Berghes.
In 1698 the AP noted under Brussel 12 January: celui du chevalier de Bergues doit aller en garnison a Mons. In March 1699 the cavalry regiments of Berghes and Marimont were reformed while they were in Mons (Hainaut). The Berghes cavalry lost 3 of its companies17. From June 1699 we know that the regiment moved to Luxembourg and its commander was a brother of the famous Prince de Berghes: 'The chevalier de Berges, brother of the prince, has left this morning to join his regiment, that is moving to Luxembourg.17a. In September / October 1699 the horses of the Berghes regiment were sold17b.
The regiment of the Chevalier de Berghes was again mentioned during the 1701 mobilization, when it had 2 squadrons 170117c. Its commander was Alphonse Alexandre (1656-c 1702) Chevalier de Berghes, a less important member of the family of the Princes de Berghes.
For details about pinpointing this chevalier: His father Eugène de Glymes de Berghes (c. 1620 - 29 Oct 1670) was Comte de Grimberghen, baron d'Arquennes, Seigneur de Buggenhout etc. in 1641 he married Florence Marguerite de Renesse (1619 - 24 Feb 1665). In order to place the Chevalier de Berghes we'll discuss four of his sons.
The first of these sons was Philippe-François de Glymes dit de Berghes (c. 1650 - 12 September 1704), created Prince de Berghes in 1686. Then came two sons named Alphonse. Alphonse Joseph (b. 1654-?) was known as 'Comte de Bergue', gouverneur de Malines and married a Schetz de Grobendonck in 1690. He was also capitain des Hallebardiers17d, and as such he outranked a colonel of a cavalry tercio. A fourth brother was George Louis (1662-1743), prince-bishop of Liège in 1724.
The third brother Alphons Alexandre (1656-c 1702) is our colonel. We did know that an 'Alphonse de Berghes' called ('dit le') chevalier de Berghes17e was colonel of this regiment, and now we also know which 'Alphonse' was the chevalier.
Even so one still has to be careful because the second 'Prince de Berghes' was Alphonse Dominique François de Berghes (1679 - 3 April 1720). He was a favorite of the elector and served in the infantry.
In early August the Chevalier de Berghes regiment was mentioned as ordered to Upper Guelre OHC 11 August 1701 . Later in August 1701 the Spanish Berghes regiment was mentioned in Roermond (OHC 30 August 1701). In April 1702 the Chevalier de Berghes was in camp between Antwerp and Lier17f. In September 1702 it was in Liège17g. In early January 1703 the Bergues regiment was ordered to Brugge (OHC 15 Jan 1703). On 1 February 1703 it was ordered to Luxembourg17h, but this order was later revoked. Therefore this regiment should have been in the list of 1 January regiments, but adding it there is not possible because at the moment I do not know who succeeded to this regiment.
On 21 October 1702 the comte de Monasterol wrote a letter to the elector of Bavaria, telling him that the Duchess of Noailles would like to have one of the vacant regiments in Flanders for her nephew the Chevalier de Bournonville. There were two: one vacant by the death of the 'Chevalier de Berghes' and the other because the Duc d'Avré had been chosen to command the Guard regiment in Spain.
A guard regiment levied for Spain
In 1703 a guard cavalry regiment was levied in the Spanish Netherlands with the intention of it serving in Spain. The Duke of Havre was to be its colonel, and the Comte de Rupencourt the lt-colonel. Horsemen were taken from the existing regiments. AC 5 April 1703.
Supposed Spanish Regiments
Hornes, a French and a Spanish regimentThe French regiment belonged to: Philip Maximilien Comte de Hornes, Lieutenant-General des armées du Roy, dead in 1709
The Prince and Comte de Hornes were high-ranking men in the Spanish Netherlands. On reading about a Hornes Regiment one might therefore be tempted to designate it as a Spanish Netherlands regiment. In fact the first Hornes regiment that appears in the War of the Spanish Succession is a French one. It is number 524 Du Bray, mentioned by Susane. On 6 May 1692 four companies of this French cavalry regiment served to form a regiment for 'Philippe-Maximilien comte de Horn'. On 13 February all but the company of the Mestre de Camp was then dismissed. On 10 February 1701 it was then re-established as a full regiment.
A regiment de Hornes then appears in Arras (France) in October 1701 as a new regiment with 2 squadrons29. The regiment is again mentioned on 17 April 1702 in camp near Liège29b. In the 5 June 1702 project the Hornes cavalry was destined for a camp near Maastricht29c. On 17 September 1702 the Hornes cavalry was in a force under 'TSerclaes near Liège29d and it was still there on 28 September. On 23 December the Comte de Hornes was promoted to Marechal de Camp in the French army and therefore had to sell his regiment29e. On 25 December 1702 the king of France agreed to the Marquis de Meuse buying this regiment29f. Further evidence for this 1702 Hornes regiment not being Spanish is that it's mentioned for the winterquarters of 1702/1703, while all other Spanish cavalry are just designated as Spanish, without a a name. In 1703 I did not find a Hornes regiment, but the Meuse is present.A supposed Spanish regiment would belong to Philippe Emmanuel Comte de Hornes (1661-1718)
On 30 March 1703 Dangeau noted that the Comte de Horn had been made a lieuteanant General, see above. On the top of this page is noted that there were 2 regiments for lieutenant-generals of the infantry. One could be tempted to think that De Bay or Hornes got one of these regiments. Fact is that in May 1703 (AC no 57 for 1703 under 8 May 1703) a deserted corporal and 3 riders of the 'Hornes' regiment arrived in Breda; giving credibility to Hornes having a Spanish Cavalry regiment.
Alexandre Maitre Marquis de Bay
Alexandre Maitre de Bay Seigneur de Laer descended from the seigneurs of Sornay (Haute-Saone), Bay and (probably) Ougney. He first made a career in the Dutch army, becoming a (major-?)general. At the beginning of the war he switched to the Bourbon side. In early 1703 he was made a lieutenant-general. On 23 July 1704 he was made Marquis de Bay. At some time he was also made Premier Lieuteanant des gardes du Corps du Roy Philippe V. He died a knight of the Golden Fleece on 14 November 1715.
On 30 March 1703 Dangeau noted that De Bay had been made a Lieutenant-general. In 1703 Du Bay was indeed mentioned as Lieutenant-general in an order of battle of the Flanders army. 32. On 11 November 1703 Dangeau noted that De Bay passed through Versailles on his way to serve in Spain as Lieutenant-general.
Spanish Netherlands Dragoons
Risbourg / Melun
The Risbourg dragoons had been formed in the Spanish Netherlands in 1674 under colonel Baron de Verlo. In 1676 he was succeeded by Nicolas Hartman. In 1680 the Comte de Balsalmes succeeded. He was succeeded by the Baron d'Ourgues in 1684. In 1692 Don Juan d'Arbille became colonel. In 1699 he was succeeded by the Marquis de Risbourg50. This was Guillaume de Melun Marquis de Richebourg and later chevalier de la Toison d'Or50a.
In 1701 the Risbourg dragoons were specifically mentioned50b. In April 1702 they were again mentioned50c. On 28 September 1702 the Risbourg dragoons were in Boufflers army50d; In February 1704 it was ordered to Louvain50e. From September 1705 we have that is was almost annihilated when the lines near Hagenau were forced. (Le regiment espagnol de Comte de Risbourg fut presque tout taillé en pieces par les Allemans, lorsque ils forcerent il y a quelque jours nos lignes près de Haguenau. Nouvelles de Divers Endroits 10 Sep 1705). It was furthermore mentioned on 10 August 1706 with 2 squadrons. In 1707 the Comte de Melun succeeded to the regiment50f. The regiment later became the Dragons Belges in the service of Spain.
De Valansart / Aquaviva / Brouchoven
Nicolas Hartman was the first colonel of this regiment. In 1684 he was succeeded by Théodor Valanzar51. In July 1696 the Valansart dragoons was in camp at Corbais51a. The regiment was mentioned as Valansart dragoons in 170151b. In April 1702 it was to guard the border near Hasselt and Tongeren51c. In 1705 the Valansart was with the main force51d. In 1705 Josias Guillermo d'Aquaviva became colonel of the regiment51e. In 1710 he was succeeded by Jean Francis de Brouchoven51f.The regiment finally ended up in Spanish service as dragons de Batavie.
Steenhuysen / De Ferrare / Pignatelli
This regiment had been created by the Prince of Steenhuysen in 1689. On 13 April 1701 the Prince of Steenhuizen died in Brussel52. He was succeeded by Ferrar (OHC 17 April 1701). On 3 September 1701 the Steenhuysen dragoons passed Gent (OHC 8 Sept 1701). He had was succeeded by Nicolas Ferrare in 170152a. There is then a specific mention of the regiment in 170152b. In April 1702 it was with Boufflers's army52c. In September 1702 it was in Liège52d. In February 1704 it was ordered to march from Namur to Lier52e. In 1705 the Ferrare dragoons were with the main force52f. On 10 August 1706 the regiment was mentioned with 2 squadrons. That year Antoine Pignatelli succeeded to the regiment52g. The regiment finally ended up in Spanish service as dragons de Frise.
In August 1702 Maitre de Camp Jaques Pasteur was levying a regiment of 800 volunteers, part dragoons, part fusileers. Its specific purpose was to counter enemy parties in Brabant (OHC 24 August 1702).
The reform of 1698
In order to get the list straigth, it might be useful to consider the reform of 1698. In January 1699 this reform (NeDE 08 Jan. 1699) was announced as disbanding: The dismounted Spanish cavalry terces of Zuniga and Pasqual; the two dismounted German cavalry regiments of Landas and Gaetano and the dragoons of Risbourg and Arville. This reform did however meet some challenges. It was tacked to making clear arrangements for regular payment of the remaining troops by the provinces. And, the reform had to be preceded by paying some arrears to the troops that were to be disbanded.
In early February 1699 the first of theses payments came through (NeDD 10 Feb 1699). It was mid-February when the elector finally signed the orders for the reform. It was 16 March before the reform finally started in earnest (NeDD 24 March 1699).
|1) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols.|
|2) Europische Mercurius for July 1696, Order van Bataille des legers gecommandeerd door zyne Britannische Majesteit, en den Keurvorst van Beyeren, leggende te Corbais. has the 'Gardes zyner Keurvorstelyke Doorluchtigheid' with 2 squadrons.|
|2a) Pelet Tome 1 page 463, says these were ready mid August 1701 and mounted three squadrons on 'gris' 'noirs' and 'bais' horses|
|2b) Pelet Tome 2 page 480, Etat des troupes, tant d'infanterie que de cavalerie ...aux ordres de M. Marquis de Bedmar. Sent in April 1702 it mentions 'La compagnie des chevaux-bais' as 1 squadron.|
|2c) Pelet Tome 2 page 580, Etat des troupes detachées aux ordres de M. de Tallard le 17 Septembre 1702 mentions the electoral guard|
|2d) Pelet Tome 5 page 564, Ordre de bataille de l'armée de Flandre... on 12 May 1705 mentions the Gardes Wallons cavalry with 3 squadrons|
|2e) Suite du supplément au nobilaire des Pay-Bas et du comté de Borgogne, page 18 under caffina, has Peralta commanding the chevaux gris.|
|2f) History of the Reign of Queen Anne, v. 4, page 45 for Peralta taken prisoner.|
|6) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols|
|6b) Pelet Tome 2 page 481, Etat des troupes, tant d'infanterie que de cavalerie ...aux ordres de M. Marquis de Bedmar mentions the Toulongeon there.|
|6c) Pelet Tome 2 page 588, Etat des troupes qui composent l'armée 28 September 1702 mentions the Toulongeon regiment|
|6d) Pelet Tome 3 page 724, Etat des troupes qui s'avancent a la tête.. mentions the Toulongeon regiment as ordered to move from Mons.|
|6e) Pelet Tome 3 page 757 Etat des troupes de Campagne et de Garnison, depuis la mer jusqu'a Luxembourg. 17 Juin 1703 has Toulongeon with 2 squadrons.|
|6f) Pelet Tome 4 page 678 Etat des troupes destinées a marcher dans des Quartiers avancés; 29 Février 1704 mentions the Toulongeon.|
|6g) Pelet Tome 5 page 771 Etat des cantonnements des troupes de l'armée .....de Marcin 24 May 1705 has the Toulongeon.|
|7) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols. Later on the De Gaetano regiment is mentioned on page 556: Etat des troupes qui sont au pays de Gueldre.. referring to the winter 1701-1702 situation.|
|7a) Oprechte Haerlemse Courant 12 Nov 1701 for the Gaetano in Roermond.|
|7b) Pelet Tome 1 page 556, Etat des troupes qui sont au pays de Gueldre.. referring to the winter 1701-1702 situation. Mentions 2 squadrons of the regiments Gaetano.|
|7c) Pelet Tome 2 page 483, Etat des troupes de l'armée de Gueldre, 22 April. It mentions Gaëtano with 2 squadrons.|
|7d) Pelet Tome 2 page 588, Etat des troupes qui composent l'armée 28 September 1702 mentions the Gaetano regiment|
|7e) Pelet Tome 3 page 724, Etat des troupes qui s'avancent a la tête.. mentions the Gaetano regiment as ordered to march in stead of Bergues.|
|7f) Pelet Tome 3 page 883, Ordre de bataille de l'armée du Rhin, 6 June 1703 mentions the Gaetano regiment as present with 2 squadrons.|
|7g) Pelet Tome 4 page 865 Etat des troupes de l'armée de Rhin specifically mentions the Gaetano as a Spanish cavalry regiment in Alsace.|
|8) Pelet Tome 5 page 564, Ordre de bataille de l'armée de Flandre...le 12 May 1705 mentions the Gaetano cavalry with 2 squadrons|
|9) Bulletin de la commission Royale d'histoire by Académie royal des lettres etc. Brussel 1863 third series fifth volume, page 366 has La Catoire as lieutenant-colonel of the Chimay regiment.|
|9b) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols. On page 545 the Spanish 'Chimay' regiment is mentioned as being in upper Cologne. Later on the De Chimay regiment is mentioned on page 555 is being in the electorat of Cologne, but it does not say that it was a Spanish regiment.|
|9c) Pelet Tome 2 page 580, Etat des troupes detachées aux ordres de M. de Tallard le 17 Septembre 1702 mentions the Chimay.|
|9d) Pelet Tome 3 page 757 Etat des troupes de Campagne et de Garnison, depuis la mer jusqu'a Luxembourg. 17 Juin 1703 has Chimay with 2 squadrons.|
|12) Europische Mercurius for July 1696, Order van Bataille des legers gecommandeerd door zyne Britannische Majesteit, en den Keurvorst van Beyeren, leggende te Corbais. has the 'Fraula' fielding one squadron together with the 'Craupani'.|
|12a) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols|
|12b) Pelet Tome 2 page 486, Etat des troupes qui doivent garder la frontière mentions the De Fraula with 2 squadrons|
|12c) Pelet Tome 2 page 589 mentions the De Fraula with 2 squadrons in Liège.|
|12d) Pelet Tome 3 page 757 Etat des troupes de Campagne et de Garnison, depuis la mer jusqu'a Luxembourg. 17 Juin 1703 has Fraula with 2 squadrons.|
|13) Pelet Tome 5 page 564, Ordre de bataille de l'armée de Flandre... mentions de Fraula cavalry with 2 squadrons. This is most probably Emanuel de Fraula, born 26 December 1653 and dead in 1741. See Nobilaire des Pays-Bas, et du Comté de Bourgogne, page 783.|
|14) Europische Mercurius for 1696 under July page 102 for the Hartman regiment in July 1696 Corbais OOB.|
|14b) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols has the De Hartman regiment|
|14c) Lettres historiques under June 1698 has the Lieutenant-colonel Comte de Louvignies succeeding to Avesse's regiment.|
|14d) Lettres Historique under February 1699 page 245 has the possibility of the 'German' cavalry regiments of 'Landa' and Gaetano getting disbanded.|
|14e) Pelet Tome 1 page 556, Etat des troupes qui sont au pays de Gueldre.. referring to the winter 1701-1702 situation. Mentions 2 squadrons of the regiments Landas and designates them as Spanish. The attachment itself was sent with a letter by Boufflers dated 5 March 1702.|
|14f) Pelet Tome 2 page 483, mentions 2 squadrons of the regiment Louvigny in the Upper/Gelre army in April 1702.|
|14g) Pelet Tome 2 page 523, mentions 2 squadrons of the regiment Louvigny and lists them at the end of the Spanish regiments.|
|14h) Pelet Tome 3 page 761, mentions 2 squadrons of the regiment Louvigny and lists them in between the Spanish regiments.|
|14i) Pelet Tome 3 page 777, mentions the regiment Louvigny in Pracontal's detachment.|
|15) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols has the De Penalosa regiment|
|15b) Pelet Tome 3 page 771 Etat des troupes qui partent du camp de Druen et de la Flandre pour joindre l'armée has the Heyder regiment.|
|15c) Pelet Tome 3 page 777 Etat des troupes aux ordres de M. de pracontal, 14 Octobre 1703 mentions the Heyder cavalry as Spanish.|
|15d) Pelet Tome 4 page 921 Etat des troupes qui seront (will be) en Alsace sous le commandement de M. le Maréchal de Marcin mentions the Heyder cavalry with 2 squadrons.|
|15e) History of the reign of Queen Anne v.3 for Heyder arriving in England in December 1704.|
|15f) Pelet Tome 5 page 564, Ordre de bataille de l'armée de Flandre...le 12 May 1705 mentions the Heyder cavalry with 2 squadrons|
|15g) The appendix of the annals of Queen Anne for 1705 and other year-books for Heyder's prisoners after Heylissem.|
|15h) Dagboek van Cuper page 134 for Lieutenant-Colonel Murua being taken prisoner at the surrender of Dendermonde in September 1706.|
|17) OHC for No 13 under 18 March 1699 for the Berghes reform in Mons|
|17a) Gazette de Rotterdam 15 June 1699: 'Le chevalier de Berges frere du prince, est parti de matin pour aller joindre son regiment qui est en marche vers Luxembourg' The OHC specifically has: 'brother of the prince of that name'.|
|17b) OHC No 40 October 1699 Gister bracht men de regimenten Spaense Ruytery van Berghes en Steenhuysen te voet...|
|17c) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols|
|17d) The Nouvelles Extraordinares de Divers Endroits for 7 June 1696 has that the elector: a aussi donné au Comte de Bergue Capitaine des Hallebardiers, le gouvernement de Malines,..|
|17e) Histoire de la commune de Feluy by Corneille Stroobant has the descendance of the Chevalier de Berghes|
|17f) Pelet Tome 2 page 480, Etat des troupes, tant d'infanterie que de cavalerie ...aux ordres de M. Marquis de Bedmar mentions the 'Berghes' with 2 squadrons.|
|17g) Pelet Tome 2 page 589 mentions the Berghes with 2 squadrons in Liège.|
|17h) Pelet Tome 3 page 724, Etat des troupes qui doivent marcher au pays de Luxembourg. It mentions Bergues as Spanish cavalry with 2 squadrons.|
|19) Hollandsche Mercurius for 1690 page 240 for Brancaccio's movement in 1690.|
|19b) Europische Mercurius for 1696 under July page 102 for Brancaccio in the Corbais OOB.|
|19b) Pelet Tome 1 page 463, says the Brancaccio regiment counted only 1 complete squadron by August 1701|
|19c) Pelet Tome 2 page 480, Etat des troupes, tant d'infanterie que de cavalerie ...aux ordres de M. Marquis de Bedmar mentions the Brancaccio.|
|19d) Pelet Tome 2 page 588, Etat des troupes qui composent l'armée 28 September 1702 mentions the Brancaccio regiment with 2 squadrons|
|29) Pelet tome 1, page 517 has the état des troupes de l'Armée de Flandre et des Lieux qu'elles occupent, le 3 Octobre 1701 with the Hornes as a new regiment.|
|29b) Pelet Tome 2 page 485, Etat des troupes qui dovient gardier la frontière mentions the Hornes cavalry with 2 squadrons in camp near Liege.|
|29c) Pelet Tome 2 page 515, Projet de disposition générale' destines the Hornes cavalry for a camp near Maastricht.|
|29d) Pelet Tome 2 page 581, Etat des troupes de M. le Prince de Tserclaes 17 Septembre 1702 has the Hornes cavalry.|
|29e) Dangeau under 23 December 1702 has the Comte de Horn promoted to Maréchal de Camp.|
|29f) Dangeau under 25 December 1702 has the Marquis de Meuse buying the Comte de Horn's regiment.|
|30) Supplément au Nobilaire des Pays-Bas, et de comté de Bourgogne, Louvain 1775, page 252 has as second son of François Philippe de Melun Marquis de Richebourg and Comte de Beausart the fifth son Guillaume de Melun Prince d'Espinoy: Jean François de Melun, comte de Beausart, colonel d'un régiment de cavalerie pour le service de Philippe V. Roi d'Espagne, en 1705 & 1706, & Député de l'etat noble de la province de Flandres á la publication de la pragmatique-sanction á bruxelles le 15 Mai 1725, allié á Marie Caroline Philippine Volckaert.|
|31) History of the reign of Queen Anne for 1705 has the losses for the Beausart regiment in the appendix.|
|32) Pelet tome 3 page 746 for the OOB with Du Bay as lieutenant-general and a Grigny regiment and a Brigadier-General Grigny.|
|50) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 769 has the early history of the Risbourg dragoons.|
|50a) Supplément au Nobilaire des Pays-Bas, et de comté de Bourgogne, Louvain 1775, page 253 has the first son of of François Philippe de Melun Marquis de Richebourg and Comte de Beausart the fifth son of Guillaume de Melun Prince d'Espinoy: Guillaume de Melun, Marquis de Richebourg, chevalier de la toison d'or, grand d'Esapgne de la premiere classe, fut colonel d'un régiment de dragons de son nom & maréchal de camp des armées de Philippe V. roi d'Espagne, en 1704, viceroi de Galice en 1707 etc.|
|50b) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols mentions the Richebourg dragoons|
|50c) Pelet Tome 2 page 480 mentions the Richebourg dragoons in April 1702|
|50d) Pelet Tome 2 page 588 mentions the Risbourg dragoons on 28 September 1702|
|50e) Pelet Tome 4 page 678 Etat des troupes destinées á marcher dans des Quartiers avancés; 29 Février 1704 has the Risbourg ordered to Louvain.|
|50f) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 769 has the Comte de Melun succeeding to the Risbourg dragoons.|
|51) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 769 has the beginnings of the Valansart dragoons.|
|51a) Europische Mercurius for July 1696, Order van Bataille des legers gecommandeerd door zyne Britannische Majesteit, en den Keurvorst van Beyeren, leggende te Corbais. has the 'Valenzar' dragoons with 3 squadrons.|
|51b) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols mentions the De Valansart dragoons|
|51c) Pelet Tome 2 page 485, Etat des troupes qui doivent garder la frontière mentions the De Valansart dragoons with 3 squadrons|
|51d) Pelet Tome 5 page 564, Ordre de bataille de l'armée de Flandre... mentions the Valansart dragons with 3 squadrons|
|51e) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 769 has Aquaviva succeeding to the Valansart dragoons.|
|51f) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 769 has Brouchoven succeeding to the Valansart dragoons.|
|52) Europische Mercurius for April 1701: Eindelyk: den 13den der maand stierf te Brussel de prins van Steenhuizen, colonel van een regiment cavallery en inspecteur generaal, welk laatste ampt gegeeven wierd aan monsr. des Fourneaux,|
|52a) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 769 has the beginnings of the Ferrare dragoons.|
|52b) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols mentions the De Ferrare dragoons|
|52c) Pelet Tome 2 page 483, Etat des troupes de l'armée de Gueldre, 22 April. It mentions De Ferrare with 3 squadrons.|
|52d) Pelet Tome 2 page 589 mentions the De Ferrare with 3 squadrons in Liège.|
|52e) Pelet Tome 4 page 678 Etat des troupes destinées á marcher á la tête de la frontière mentions the De Ferrare as having to move to Lier with 3 squadrons.|
|52f) Pelet Tome 5 page 564, Ordre de bataille de l'armée de Flandre... mentions the Ferrare dragons with 3 squadrons.|
|52g) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 769 has Pignatelli succeeding to the Ferrare dragoons.|