Noirmont Cavalry regiment

Noirmont Cavalry regiment
A.k.a. Barcelona
Arms of Gallo y Salamanca Baron of Noirmont
Arms of Leonele Gallo de Salamanca,
he was Baron of Noirmont
Commanded by:
Baron de Saint Jean1670
Comte de Masting1676
Don Luis de Borja1692
Baron de Noirmont1695
Don Gabriel de Cano1703

1 Origins of the regiment

Guillaume de Gand dit Vilain (?-1637) became baron and franc-seigneur of Saint Jean-Steene. In 1626 he married Louise de Merode (?-1647). With her he got: 1) A daughter Maximilienne, 2) François Philippe (1631 - < 1675) married in 1657 father of François (?-c 1691), 3) Guillaume_Ernest de Gand Baron de Saint Jean-Steene (? - 12 September 1694), Sergeant-General de Bataille. The Seigneurie of Liberchies, which he got by his marriage to Aurelie-Hyppolite Servais in 1671, became a county in 1684. Guillaume_Ernest is probably our Baron de Saint Jean 4) André-Lamoral de Gand-Vilain Vicomte d'Adregnies (1645-1705), cf the regiment later known as Fourneau.

This regiment had been created for the Baron de Saint Jean in 16701. In September 1675 the regiments of the Baron de St Jean and the Vicomte d'Onderny were sent to the Land of Waes La Gazette d'Amsterdam. In November 1675 the regiment of Baron de St Jan moved to Gent (Mercurius Nov. 1675). In 1676 the 'St Jan' was in the OOB near Condé and Bouchain Schlachtordnung der niederländischen Truppen zur Verteidigung von Condé und Bouchin, 1676.

2 Comte de Mastaing

2.1 Les Comtes de Mastain

Jean de Jausse 'dit' de Mastain, knight, Seigneur de Mastain and Brugelette etc. was made first Comte de Mastain in 1614. We also have that Philippe de Jauche Comte de Lierdes Captain of a Spanish Cuirassier Company got the elevation of his Seigneurie to County in May 1626. In 1617 Jean had married Marie de Merode. With her he had Jean-François de Jauche Comte de Mastaing & de Lierdes, Seineur d'Herimès, Brugelette etc. General in the Army of the King of Spain, governor of Binche and Courtrai. Jean-François de Jauche had married Marie-Françoise d'Estourmel Dame de Mamez and de Marthes. With her he had: 1) Charles-Joseph de Jauche Comte de Mastaing, General in the army of the King of Spain, Governor-General of Hainaut. 2) Philippe-Eugene de Jauche (?-1702) Comte de Mastaing, Seigneur de Marthes and de Mamez, who married in 1692 Dictionnaire géographique, historique et politique p. 624.

2.2 Regiment de Mastain

In 1676 the Comte de Mastain became colonel of this regiment 2. In November 1686 Fernando Hacques was major of the Mastain and became governor of Stevensweerd, perhaps Fourneau succeeded him OHC 21 November 1686.

In October 1688 there was talk about reinforcing the regiment of the Count of Mastain OHC 28 October 1689. In May 1689 the regiment of Mastain was inspected together with the cavalry regiments of the Count of Egmont, the Duke of Aerschot, the Prince Charles of Lorrain, Nicolaes de Cordoba and Colonel du Mont OHC 12 May 1689. In August 1689 the Mastain regiment was in Brussel, and planning to move to Flanders proper in a corps of 14,000 men under the Marquis de Gastanaga AC 11 August 1689. In October 1689 the Mastain regiment was in the OOB near Ateren Schlachtordnung der holländischen Armee gegen die Franzosen bei Ateren den 6. Oktober 1689

In August 1690 the Mastain regiment was in the OOB near Halle Campement de l'Armée de Confederes d'auprès de Halle, du 13/23 Aoust 1690. In September 1690 the Mastain regiment was in the OOB near St Quitin Lynnecke Schlachtordnung der holländischen Armee bei St. Quintin Lynnecke, 1690, fielding 3 squadrons.

In 1691 the Mastain regiment was in the alliance OOB Allliierte Armeen in Braband unter dem Commando Ihro Maiest. König Wilhelm Von Engeland im jahr Christii 1691, fielding 2 squadrons. In 1691 the 'Comte de Marsin' regiment was in the alliance OOB Front de l'armée, really an untitles OOB of the alliance near Lembeck and Halle, with two squadrons. In 1691 the 'Mastrin' regiment was in the alliance OOB Bataille, wie solche unter Ihr. König. Maystt. König Wilhelm von Engelland, wieder die Frantzosen in Braband bei Didenhofen, 1691, gestanden, probably an OOB of the alliance near Thionville, with one squadron. In June 1691 the 'Mastijn' regiment was in the alliance OOB Sterckte van de Armee soo als de gecampeert geweest is to Oprebayx den juni 1691 an OOB of the alliance near Oprebayx, with one squadron Sterckte van de Armee soo als de gecampeert geweest is to Oprebayx den juni 1691 an OOB of the alliance near Oprebayx, with one squadron. During the Siege of Mons the Chevalier de Fourneau was major of the Mastain regiment. He got Dragoon regiment of Colonel de Ville who had died in the fighting OHC 14 April 1691.

3 The Borgia's

3.1 The Borgia family

In early January 1692 Don Luis de Borja, nephew of the Duchess douarriere of Aerschot and Aremberg became colonel of Maftain's regiment AC 31 January 1692 3. With the reference to a nephew, one can pinpoint the Douarrière to be Magdalena Francisca Luisa Esperanza de Borja y Doria (1627-1700) wife of Philippe François, 1st Duke of Arenberg (1625-1674). Don luis de Borja Marquess of Caracena was indeed of the famous Borgia family. Magdalena was a sister of Francisco Carlos de Borja y Centallas 9th Duke of Gandia.

  • Children of Francisco Carlos de Borja and Maria Ponce de Leon
  • 1) Francisco Juan (1649-1651)
  • 2) Doña Ana Victoria (b. 1650) de Borja married to the Marques de la Guardia.
  • 3) Jesualda (1651-1680) who became a nun in Santa Clara de Gandía
  • 4) Pasqual Francisco de Borja 10th Duke of Gandia (1653-1716)
  • 5) Maria Luisa (?-1654)
  • 6) Doña Artemisa de Borja (1657-?) married to Antonio Espinello prince of Cariati, Grandee of Spain Viceroy of Valencia.
  • 7) Francisco Antonio de Borja (1659-1702), who became a cardinal in 1700 and member of Council of State.
  • 8) Carlos Juan de Borja (1663-1733) Doctor of Law at Alcalá, Patriarch of the Indies, cardinal in 1720.
  • 9) Doña Josefa (?) successively married to the brothers Count Alba de Liste.
  • 10) Our Don Luis Melchor de Borja (6 August 1665-1718)

Francisco Carlos de Borja y Centallas 9th Duke of Gandia (1626- 15 January 1665) married Doña Maria Ponce de Leon (?-1676) on 22 April 1645. Their children are in the list to the left.

As we can see our Don Luis de Borja was born posthumously. He became a Knight of Santiago, Comendador de Sagra y de Canet. With two older brothers in the clergy Luis would probably have remained single. The fact that this older brothers were so successful might have changed this. On 22 November 1699 Luis Melchor became governor of Antwerpen Castle. There are conflicting dates, but in December 1699 the news from Madrid was that Louis de Boria, brother of the Duke of Gandia and Colonel of a Spanish Infantry Tercio in Flanders had been made governor of the Castle of Antwerpen Avec privilège 7 Jan 1700.

This appointment probably assured Luis Melchor's fortune. In 1701 Luis maried Maria Antonia Pimentel de Ibarra (Marquesa de Taracena, Princess of Squillace, Duchess of Ciudad Real). As Princes of Squillace (Calabria) she had inherited a fief that traditionaly belonged to the Borgia's and could be transferred in the female line. In 1706 Borja would surrender the Castle of Antwerpen, and remain governor for Charles IV. No doubt this was done with and an eye to the situation in Flanders and Italy. From Luis Melchor 23 letters have been digitized PARES

3.2 The Borja Regiment

So in in January 1692 the regiment became known as Borja. In the Battle of Neerwinden on 29 July 1693 Cavalry colonel Borja was wounded OHC 8 August 1693. In July 1694 we have a 'Terce van Boria' with a secure date in the second line in the camp of Mont Saint André Tweede vervolg van saken van staat en oorlog.

In early January 1696 the Spanish Cavalry regiment Borja was quartered in Brussel. M. Thibaut was a Cornet and led a band of 7 others to Charleroy. Four of them crossed the counterscarp and a wall with a ladder and went to the fodder storage. They put fire to it in four places, and returned to Brussel on 2 January without getting pursued. The garrisson did react quite promptly and safed half Avec privilège 9 January 1696, or part of the storage Nouvelles extraordinaires 10 Jan 1696.

4 De Noirmont

Noirmont church
The family Gallo-de-Salamanca
were Barons of Noirmont, their
graves are in the village church

4.1 The Noirmont family

Chevalier François Gallo-de-Salamanca, burgomaster of Antwerpen in 1627 married Marie Daems (who would later inherit Dion-le-Mont, Hutbize, Louvrange and Normont). Their son Antoine Gallo-de-Salamanca was captain of a Spanish Cuirassier Company. He got the Seigneurie Dion-le-Mont raised to a County by Charles II on 16 December 1665. His oldest son Jean Gallo-de-Salamanca, baron de Noirmont, Seigneur de Louvrange etc. succeeded him as Comte de Dion-le-Mont. Having died without posterity he was succeeded by his younger brother Leonel Gallo-de-Salamanca y Lima (c. 1667-1707). Leonel had married his niece Claire Gabrielle Gallo y Salamanca Dame de Remaigne & de Laval.

4.2 Terce de Noirmont

In 1695 the Baron de 'Moirnont' became colonel4 and in 1696 the regiment was under Moirnont's command at Corbais where it fielded a squadron together with de Bay's regiment.

The first mention of the cavalry regiment of Baron de Noirmont under Philippe V is from 1701, when it counted 2 squadrons5. In April 1702 it was designated to serve in the army of the Marquis de Bedmar and was posted in land of Waes6. It was spotted by Noyelles in 17027. In September 1702 it was in Boufflers'army8. In November 1702 the Noirmont was sent to Aalst (OHC 20 Nov 1702).

5 Gabriel de Cano

In 1703 Don Gabriel de Cano succeeded as colonel of this regiment9. In 1705 the Cano cavalry were on the Moselle10. On 24 July 1709 the Cano regiment was in camp at Denain with 1 squadron 11.

6 Sources

For the Borja family El IX Duque de Borja de Gandia

7 Notes

1) SAMANIEGO p. 455 has this regiment created for the Baron of St. Jean on 17 October 1670.
2) SAMANIEGO has the Comte de Masting succeeding St. Jean on 6 August 1676.
3) SAMANIEGO has Don Luis de Borja succeeding the Comte de Masting on 20 January 1692.
4) SAMANIEGO has the Baron de 'Moirnont' succeeding Don Luis de Borja on 24 December 1695.
5) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols
6) Pelet Tome 2 page 480, Etat des troupes, tant d'infanterie que de cavalerie ...aux ordres de M. Marquis de Bedmar. Sent in April 1702 it mentions Noirmont with 2 squadrons.
7) A letter of 11 May 1702 by Noyelles to Heinsius from Bergen op Zoom mentions the 'Noirmont' cavalry as camped near Lier
8) Pelet Tome 2 page 588, Etat des troupes qui composent l'armée 28 September 1702 mentions the Noirmont regiment
9) SAMANIEGO has Don Gabriel de Cano succeeding de Moirnont on 21 March 1703.
10) Pelet Tome 5 page 769, Ordre de Bataille de l'armée de Moselle has the Cano cavalry.
11) Pelet Tome 9 page 320 Etat de la Cavalerie et des lieux qu'elle occupe mentions the Cano.