The Spanish Netherlands Cavalry Regiments

thumb of the Spanish Netherlands Cavalry order of battle on 1 January 1703.

Composition of the Spanish Netherlands cavalry regiments

My starting point for making a description of the Spanish Netherlands cavalry regiments is a table made in August 17011. It had been made after a review of the Spanish Netherlands cavalry and dragoons that same month. The problem in making a list of Spanish Cavalry regiments on 1 January 1703 is that the succession of colonels on these regiments is not very clear. I succeeded in scraping together data for most of the 1701 regiments, but for some units I just had to use the names found during 1703. The list of regiments is closed with some data about regiments that could not be linked to the 1703 regiments. Here is the 1701 list:

Spanish Netherlands Cavalry in 1701

  • Guard Companies or Gardes Wallons
  • Chevalier de Fourneaux
  • Baron de Noirmont
  • Comte de Toulougeon
  • De Gaëtan
  • Prince de Chimay
  • De Cécile
  • De Fraula
  • De Hartman
  • De Penalosa
  • Comte de Ribaucourt
  • Chevalier de Berghes
  • Grigny
  • Brancaccio
  • Chaconne
  • Risbourg (dragoons)
  • De Valansart (dragoons)
  • De Ferrare (dragoons)

And this would be my 1 January 1703 list:

Companies of the Electoral Guard or Gardes Wallons

The Gardes Wallons were the elite cavalry unit of the Spanish Netherlands. It had three squadrons which were mounted on grey, black and 'bais' horses. To me it seems that these Gardes Wallon were the same as the Gardes de l'electeur de Bavière. The oldest mention I have is from 17012. In April 1702 the 'company' on 'cheveaux bais' was in camp between Antwerp and Lier2b. In September 1702 two squadrons of the Garde de l'electeur were mentioned as joining Tallard on his expedition to Bonn2c. They are also mentioned in 17052d. Later mentions are from 10 August 1706 with 2 squadrons, 1707 and 1708.

Chevalier de Fourneaux / Glimes

The Fourneau regiment traced its origins back to 1649, when in the Spanish Netherlands a regiment had been created by the Prince of Hessen-Homburg3. In 1653 the Marquis de Conflans succeeded Hessen-Homburg3b. In 1667 the Comte de Trautmansdorf succeeded3c. In turn he was succeeded by the Baron de Quincy in 16693d. In 1675 Quincy was succeeded by the Vicomte d'Agrigny3e. Only a year later he was succeeded by M. de Bettancour3f. In 1693 Don Ignace de Fourneau became colonel3g, but this may just as well have been Henri Théodorede Fourneau, dit de Wodecq3h.

The cavalry regiment of the chevalier de Fourneaux is specifically mentioned in 1701 with 2 squadrons 17013i. In September 1702 the regiment was mentioned as going with the expedition to Bonn under Tallard3j. On 17 June 1703 the De Fourneaux was with the main army of Vileroy and Boufflers3k. Don Adrien François de Glimes succeeded to the regiment in 17033l. One can then suppose that the De Glimes who was chevalier de Berghes and disappeares from the lists in 1703 became colonel of this regiment. The 17 june 1703 situation is however quite complete and in it there is no Bergues or Glimes regiment present, while the Fourneau is and this does not point to the Chevalier de Berghes succeeding to this regiment under a different name. It would also need the double supposition that our secondary source is wrong and that the writer of the 17 June 1703 situation did pick up a supposed resignation of the Chevalier de Bergues on his own regiment, but did not pick up his appointment to the Fourneau. In my opinion this is not sensible and one should rather look for Don Adrien François de Glimes mentioned by Chevigni. The 'Glime' regiment then appears in a 13 October 1703 table3m. On 29 Februari 1704 the Glimes regiment was in Louvain and ordered to the front. On 26 March 1704 the Glimes was ordered to assist in re-establishing the lines near Wasseige. On 12 May 1705 the Glimes cavalry was in the main force under Villeroy3n.

Baron de Noirmont / Cano

This regiment had been created for the Baron de Saint Jean in 16704. In 1676 Saint Jean was succeeded by the Comte de Masting4b. In 1692 Don Luis de Borja became colonel4c. In 1695 the Baron de 'Moirnont' became colonel4d and in 1696 the regiment was under Norimont's command at Corbais where it fielded a squadron together with de Bay's regiment. The first mention of the cavalry regiment of Baron de Noirmont under Philippe V is from 1701, when it counted 2 squadrons4e. In April 1702 it was designated to serve in the army of the Marquis de Bedmar and was posted in land of Waes4f. It was spotted by Noyelles in 17025. In September 1702 it was in Boufflers'army5b. In 1703 Don Gabriel de Cano succeeded as colonel of this regiment5c. In 1705 the Cano cavalry were on the Moselle5d.

Comte de Toulougeon

The oldest mention I have of the cavalry regiment of the Comte de Toulougeon is from 1701. It was then mentioned with , 2 squadrons 17016. In April 1702 it was between Lier and Aarschot6b. In September 1702 the Toulongeon was in Boufflers'army6c. In early February it was ordered to move from Mons6d. On 17 June 1703 the Toulongeon was with the main army of Vileroy and Boufflers6e. In February 1704 the Toulongeon was near or ordered to Charleroi6f. On 24 May 1705 the Toulongeon cavalry was on the Upper Rhine6g.

De Gaëtano

The oldest mention I have of the cavalry regiment of De Gaëtan is from 1701 when it had 2 squadrons7. In the winter of 1701-1702 it was in Upper Guelre7b. In spring it 1702 it was part of Boufflers' army with 2 squadrons7c. In September 1702 the Gaetano regiment was in Boufflers army7d. On 1 February 1703 it was ordered to go to Luxembourg in stead of Bergues7e. On 6 June 1703 it was part of the army of the Rhine7f. Early in 1704 it was still in Alsace7g. It then marched in to Germany as part of Tallard's army. On 12 May 1705 the Gaetano was in Villeroy's army with 2 squadrons 8. 1706 10 August 2 squadrons; 1708

Prince de Chimay

The cavalry regiment of the Prince de Chimay was among the garrison when Ath was besieged by the French in 1697. At the time the colonel was not present and he entered Ath during the siege. In the detail of this action it was stated that La Catoire was lieutenant-colonel of the Chimay regiment9. The first specific mention of the Prince de Chimay cavalry regiment under Fleipe V is of 1701 when it had 2 squadrons9b. Its commander was Alexandre Gabriel Joseph de Hennin-Liétard d'Alsace (1681-1745), lieutenant-general in 1706. In September 1702 the Chimay regiment was mentioned as going with the expedition to Bonn under Tallard9c. On 17 June 1703 the Chimay regiment was with the main force9d.

De Cécile

The Cécile regiment had been created in the Spanish Netherlands by Don Jean Francis de Netien10. In 1675 Don Richard Dupuy became colonel10b. In 1692 Don Philippe Gourdin became colonel10c. The oldest specific mention I have of the cavalry regiment De Cécile is of 1701 when it had 2 squadrons10d. In April 1702 it was in camp between Antwerp and Lier and designated as 'Sicile' 10e. In 1702 it was spotted by the Dutch11. In September 1702 the Sicile was in Boufflers'army11b. In early February 1703 it was ordered to move from Nivelle11c. On 17 June 1703 the Cecile regiment was with the main force11d. On 29 February 1704 the Cécile was near or ordered to Nivelle11e. Cécile would bring the regiment to Spain.

De Fraula

The oldest mention I have of the cavalry regiment De Fraula is of 1701 when it had 2 squadrons12. In April 1702 it was mentioned as having to guard the borders in a camp near Liège with 2 squadrons12b. In September 1702 it was in Liège12c. In June 1703 it was with the main force under Vileroy and Boufflers12d. On 12 May 1705 the De Fraula cavalry was with the main force under Villeroy with two squadrons13. On 10 August 1706 it was mentioned with 1 squadron.

Grigny

The oldest mention I have of the cavalry regiment Grigny is of 1701 when it had 2 squadrons, with 1 still forming but expected to be ready at the end of August18. In April 1702 it was mentioned as being between Lier and Aarschot with 2 squadrons18b. In September 1702 the Grigny regiment was mentioned as going with the expedition to Bonn under Tallard18c. In June 1703 the Grigny regiment was with the main force18d.

Chaconne / Croy / Acosta

The Chacon regiment was created in Flanders in 1701 and its first colonel was Don Gonzalo Chacon20. The oldest specific mention I have of the cavalry regiment 'Chaconne' is of 1701 when it had 2 squadrons, with 1 still forming but expected to be ready at the end of August20b. In April 1702 it was in camp between Antwerp and Lier with 2 squadrons20c. In September 1702 it was in Boufflers'army20d and somewhat later that month in Léau. Chacon was succeeded by Prince Alexandre de Croy20e. The first mention I then have of the 'Croy' regiment is when it was ordered to Luxembourg on 1 February 1703 with 2 squadrons20f. In June 1703 the Croy were in the army of the Rhine20g. In 1704 the Croy regiment was again destined to Alsace20h. De Croy was succeeded by Don Luis d'Acosta, under his command the regiment rode into Germany in 1704 and participated in the Battle of Blenheim. Later Acosta brought the regiment to Spain in 171020i. This is however a bit vague and needs to be supported by mentions of the Spanish D'acosta regiment.

Regiments which have not yet been traced back to regiments in the 1701 list

Landas / Louvignies

Unlike the cavalry regiments mentioned above, the Landas regiment was not mentioned in the 'Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols'. It was mentioned in the winter of 1701-1702 as a Spanish regiment with 2 squadrons21. Because the 'De Landas' were comtes de Louvignies (not Louvigny) we can safely assume that the regiment continued as Louvignies

Heyder

Unlike the cavalry regiments mentioned above, the Heyder regiment was not mentioned in the 'Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols'. The first mention I have is of 4 May 1703. Later on it was mentioned as a regiment on 4 August 170327. It was also mentioned in October 170327b. Judging by the fact that Colonel Heyder was taken prisoner the Heyder regiment was at Blenheim. The main part of the regiment seems to have survived this because in August 1704 the regiment was in Alsace with two squadrons (though nothing is stated about their strength)27c. On 12 May 1705 the Heyder regiment was in the main force under Villeroy27d.

Beaussart

It seems there was a Spanish Netherlands Beausard cavalry regiment and a French Fonbeausard dragoon regiment and there was some confusion between them. That these were indeed separate regiments is proven by an OOB of December 1704 in which both of them are present (Pelet tome 4 page 954). On 3 June 1702 the 'Fonbeausard' regiment was in the reserve of Catinat's army on the Rhine as a cavalry regiment (Pelet 1702 p 786). Later it was mentioned as a dragoon regiment.

On 17 june 1703 the 'Fonbeausard' regiment appears in between a list of spanish cavalry regiments, by which we conclude that the a Spanish cavalry regiment was meant. Looking back we see it appear on 4 May 1703. The 'Beaussart' was also present on 16 February 1704 (Pelet tome 04 Page 677 and folowing). A good candidate to have been the colonel of this regiment is Jean François de Melun Comte de Beausart, a younger brother of the Marquis de Richebourg.

Los Rios

Unlike the cavalry regiments mentioned above, the Rios regiment was not mentioned in the 'Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols'. The first mention I have of it as a regiment is when it was in the order of battle on 16 June 170324 . In October 1703 it was near Namur 25. On 29 February 1704 Bedmar ordered it to Diest with 2 squadrons26. On 12 May 1705 the Rios cavalry were in the main force with 2 squadrons26b.

Liedekerke

The Lydekerk first appears on 4 May 1703, it's also mentioned on 17 June 170328

Pre-1703 regiments

On 30 March 1703 Felipe V made a large promotion of senior officers in Flanders: The comte de Soye; the prince de Berghes; the comte de Horn; Covarruvias; De Bay and Saint Maurice became lieutenant-generals. The chevalier de Fourneau; the comte de Vars; the comte de Ribaucourt and Baron Wrangel were made major-generals. It seems that such ranks obliged their owners to sell their regiments. In order to show this I sum up:

  • Comte de Soye: not known
  • Prince de Berghes: regiment not kown after 1703
  • Comte de Horne: regiment not known after 1702
  • Covarruvias: Probably the marquis de Covarruvias, governor of Ostende
  • De Bay: not known
  • Saint Maurice: not known
  • Fourneau: became Glimes in 1703
  • Comte de Vars: Probably de Varo
  • The comte de Ribaucourt: regiment not kown after 1703
  • Baron Wrangel: infantry regiment

De Hartman

The oldest mention I have of the cavalry regiment Hartman is of July 1696 when it was in the order of Battle near Corbais with 1 squadron14. The Hartman regiment was again mentioned in 1701 when it had 2 squadrons 170114b.

De Penalosa

The oldest mention I have of the cavalry regiment De Penalosa is of 1701 when it had 2 squadrons 170115.

Hornes

The Hornes regiment was probably the same as either the Hartman or the Penalosa. The regiment of Philippe Emanuel de Hornes appears 17 April 1702 in camp near Liège29. In the 5 June 1702 project the Hornes cavalry was destined for a camp near Maastricht29b. On 17 September 1702 the Hornes cavalry was in a force under 'TSerclaes near Liège29c and it was still there on 28 September.

Chevalier de Berghes

The oldest mention I have of the cavalry regiment Chevalier de Berghes is of 1701 when it had 2 squadrons 170117. Its commander was probably Alphonse Dominique François de Berghes, son of Philippe François. Philippe François had been created Prince de Berghes in 1686, and died on 12 September 1704. In April 1702 it was in camp between Antwerp and Lier17b. In September 1702 it was in Liège17c. On 1 February 1703 it was ordered to Luxembourg17d, but this order was later revoked. Therefore this regiment should have been in the list of 1 January regiments, but adding it there is not possible because at the moment I do not know who succeeded to this regiment.

Comte de Ribaucourt

This cavalry regiment was created in 1689 for Don Gaspard Gomez d'Espinosa16. This Gaspard Antoine comte d'Espinosa was the son of Don Diego Gomez comte d'Espinosa (dead on 24 January 1694) and Marie-Marguerite d'Aubremont. The brother of Marie Marguerite was Charles Ignace d'Aubermont created Baron de Ribaucourt in 1659 and Gaspard d'Espinosa was his sole heir16b. It's therefore probable that the Espinosa tercio became the Ribaucourt regiment. The oldest specific mention I have of the cavalry regiment Comte de 'Ribeaucourt' is of 1701 when it had 2 squadrons 170116c. In April 1702 it was mentioned as near Anvers16d. On 28 September 1702 it was in the second line of Boufflers' army16e.

After the Comte de Ribaucourt got promoted to maréchal de camp on 30 March 1703 his regiment probably went to somebody else.

Brancaccio

The earliest mention I have of the Brancaccio regiment is from 1690 when it was ordered from Brussel to the castle of Bossu in order to retrieve the garrison there19. In July 1696 the 'Brancatio' was in the order of battle of King William's army near Corbais19b. Later on it's mentioned in the cavalry list of 1701 when it had 2 squadrons, with 1 still forming but expected to be ready at the end of August19c. In April 1702 it was in camp between Antwerp and Lier with 2 squadrons19d. On 28 September 1702 the Brancaccio was in the second line of Boufflers'army19e.

Spanish Netherlands Dragoons

Risbourg / Melun

The Risbourg dragoons had been formed in the Spanish Netherlands in 1674 under colonel Baron de Verlo. In 1676 he was succeeded by Nicolas Hartman. In 1680 the Comte de Balsalmes succeeded. He was succeeded by the Baron d'Ourgues in 1684. In 1692 Don Juan d'Arbille became colonel. In 1699 he was succeeded by the Marquis de Risbourg50. This was Guillaume de Melun Marquis de Richebourg and later chevalier de la Toison d'Or50a.

In 1701 the Risbourg dragoons were specifically mentioned50b. In April 1702 they were again mentioned50c. On 28 September 1702 the Risbourg dragoons were in Boufflers army50d; In February 1704 it was ordered to Louvain50e. It was furthermore mentioned on 10 August 1706 with 2 squadrons and in 1707. In 1707 the Comte de Melun succeeded to the regiment50f. The regiment later became the Dragons Belges in the service of Spain.

De Valansart / Aquaviva / Brouchoven

Nicolas Hartman was the first colonel of this regiment. In 1684 he was succeeded by Théodor Valanzar51. The regiment was mentioned as Valansart dragoons in 170151b. In April 1702 it was to guard the border near Hasselt and Tongeren51c. In 1705 the Valansart was with the main force51d. In 1705 Josias Guillermo d'Aquaviva became colonel of the regiment51e. In 1710 he was succeeded by Jean Francis de Brouchoven51f.The regiment finally ended up in Spanish service as dragons de Batavie.

De Ferrare / Pignatelli

This regiment had been created by the Prince of Steenhuysen in 1689. He had been succeeded by Nicolas Ferrare in 170152. There is then a specific mention of the regiment in 170152b. In April 1702 it was with Boufflers's army52c. In September 1702 it was in Liège52d. In February 1704 it was ordered to march from Namur to Lier52e. In 1705 the Ferrare dragoons were with the main force52f. On 10 August 1706 the regiment was mentioned with 2 squadrons. That year Antoine Pignatelli succeeded to the regiment52g. The regiment finally ended up in Spanish service as dragons de Frise.

Notes

1) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols.
2) Pelet Tome 1 page 463, says these were ready mid August 1701 and mounted three squadrons on 'gris' 'noirs' and 'bais' horses
2b) Pelet Tome 2 page 480, Etat des troupes, tant d'infanterie que de cavalerie ...aux ordres de M. Marquis de Bedmar. Sent in April 1702 it mentions 'La compagnie des chevaux-bais' as 1 squadron.
2c) Pelet Tome 2 page 580, Etat des troupes detachées aux ordres de M. de Tallard le 17 Septembre 1702 mentions the electoral guard
2d) Pelet Tome 5 page 564, Ordre de bataille de l'armée de Flandre... on 12 May 1705 mentions the Gardes Wallons cavalry with 3 squadrons
3) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 762 has the creation of this cavalry regiment by the Prince of Hessen Homburg.
3b) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 762 has the Marquis de Conflans succeeding the Prince of Hessen Homburg in 1653.
3c) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 763 has the Comte de Trautmansdorf succeeding De Conflans in 1667.
3d) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 763 has the Baron de Quincy succeeding Trautmansdorf in 1669.
3e) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 763 has the d'Agrigny succeeding de Quincy in 1675.
3f) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 763 has M. de Bettancour succeeding d'Agrigny in 1676.
3g) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 763 has Don Ignace de Fourneau succeeding Bettancour in 1693.
3h) 'Supplement Généalogique, historique etc. page 155 specifically mentions Henri Théodore as colonel of cavalry.
3i) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols. On page 545 the Spanish 'Fourneau' regiment is mentioned as being in upper Cologne. Later on the 'de Fourneau' regiment is mentioned on page 555 as being in the electorat of Cologne.
3j) Pelet Tome 2 page 580, Etat des troupes detachées aux ordres de M. de Tallard le 17 Septembre 1702 mentions the Fourneau.
3k) Pelet Tome 3 page 757 Etat des troupes de Campagne et de Garnison, depuis la mer jusqu'a Luxembourg. 17 Juin 1703 has the Fourneaux with 2 squdrons.
3l) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 763 has 'Don Adrien François de Glimes' succeeding Fourneau in 1703.
3m) Pelet Tome 3 page 777 Etat des troupes qui sont sous Namur, 13 Octobre 1703 has the Glime regiment with 2 sqaudrons.
3n) Pelet Tome 5 page 564 Ordre de bataille de l'armée de Flandre .. le 12 May 1705 has the Glimes regiment with 2 sqaudrons.
4) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 765 has this regiment created for the Baron of St. Jean in 1670.
4b) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 765 has the Comte de Masting succeeding St. Jean in 1676.
4c) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 765 has Don Luis de Bora succeeding the Comte de Masting in 1692.
4d) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 765 has the Baron de 'Moirnont' succeeding Don Luis de Borja in 1695.
4e) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols
4f) Pelet Tome 2 page 480, Etat des troupes, tant d'infanterie que de cavalerie ...aux ordres de M. Marquis de Bedmar. Sent in April 1702 it mentions Noirmont with 2 squadrons.
5) A letter of 11 May 1702 by Noyelles to Heinsius from Bergen op Zoom mentions the 'Noirmont' cavalry as camped near Lier
5b) Pelet Tome 2 page 588, Etat des troupes qui composent l'armée 28 September 1702 mentions the Noirmont regiment
5c) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 765 has Don Gabriel de Cano succeeding de Moirnont in 1703.
5d) Pelet Tome 5 page 769, Ordre de Bataille de l'armée de Moselle has the Cano cavalry
6) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols
6b) Pelet Tome 2 page 481, Etat des troupes, tant d'infanterie que de cavalerie ...aux ordres de M. Marquis de Bedmar mentions the Toulongeon there.
6c) Pelet Tome 2 page 588, Etat des troupes qui composent l'armée 28 September 1702 mentions the Toulongeon regiment
6d) Pelet Tome 3 page 724, Etat des troupes qui s'avancent a la tête.. mentions the Toulongeon regiment as ordered to move from Mons.
6e) Pelet Tome 3 page 757 Etat des troupes de Campagne et de Garnison, depuis la mer jusqu'a Luxembourg. 17 Juin 1703 has Toulongeon with 2 squadrons.
6f) Pelet Tome 4 page 678 Etat des troupes destinées á marcher dans des Quartiers avancés; 29 Février 1704 mentions the Toulongeon.
6g) Pelet Tome 5 page 771 Etat des cantonnements des troupes de l'armée .....de Marcin 24 May 1705 has the Toulongeon.
7) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols. Later on the De Gaetano regiment is mentioned on page 556: Etat des troupes qui sont au pays de Gueldre.. referring to the winter 1701-1702 situation.
7b) Pelet Tome 1 page 556, Etat des troupes qui sont au pays de Gueldre.. referring to the winter 1701-1702 situation. Mentions 2 squadrons of the regiments Gaetano.
7c) Pelet Tome 2 page 483, Etat des troupes de l'armée de Gueldre, 22 April. It mentions Gaëtano with 2 squadrons.
7d) Pelet Tome 2 page 588, Etat des troupes qui composent l'armée 28 September 1702 mentions the Gaetano regiment
7e) Pelet Tome 3 page 724, Etat des troupes qui s'avancent a la tête.. mentions the Gaetano regiment as ordered to march in stead of Bergues.
7f) Pelet Tome 3 page 883, Ordre de bataille de l'armée du Rhin, 6 June 1703 mentions the Gaetano regiment as present with 2 squadrons.
7g) Pelet Tome 4 page 865 Etat des troupes de l'armée de Rhin specifically mentions the Gaetano as a Spanish cavalry regiment in Alsace.
8) Pelet Tome 5 page 564, Ordre de bataille de l'armée de Flandre...le 12 May 1705 mentions the Gaetano cavalry with 2 squadrons
9) Bulletin de la commission Royale d'histoire by Académie royal des lettres etc. Brussel 1863 third series fifth volume, page 366 has La Catoire as lieutenant-colonel of the Chimay regiment.
9b) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols. On page 545 the Spanish 'Chimay' regiment is mentioned as being in upper Cologne. Later on the De Chimay regiment is mentioned on page 555 is being in the electorat of Cologne, but it does not say that it was a Spanish regiment.
9c) Pelet Tome 2 page 580, Etat des troupes detachées aux ordres de M. de Tallard le 17 Septembre 1702 mentions the Chimay.
9d) Pelet Tome 3 page 757 Etat des troupes de Campagne et de Garnison, depuis la mer jusqu'a Luxembourg. 17 Juin 1703 has Chimay with 2 squadrons.
10) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 763 has the creation of this cavalty regiment by 'Don Jean Francisque de Netien'.
10b) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 763 has Dupuy succeeding Netien in 1675.
10c) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 763 has Don Philippe Gourdin becoming colonel in 1692.
10d) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols
10e) Pelet Tome 2 page 480, Etat des troupes, tant d'infanterie que de cavalerie ...aux ordres de M. Marquis de Bedmar mentions the 'Sicile' with 2 squadrons.
11) A letter of 11 May 1702 by Noyelles to Heinsius from Bergen op Zoom mentions the 'Sisile' cavalry as camped near Lier
11b) Pelet Tome 2 page 588, Etat des troupes qui composent l'armée 28 September 1702 mentions the Sicile regiment
11c) Pelet Tome 3 page 724, Etat des troupes qui s'avancent a la tête.. mentions the Cécile regiment as ordered to move from Nivelle.
11d) Pelet Tome 3 page 757 Etat des troupes de Campagne et de Garnison, depuis la mer jusqu'a Luxembourg. 17 Juin 1703 has Cecile with 2 squadrons.
11e) Pelet Tome 4 page 678 Etat des troupes destinées á marcher dans des Quartiers avancés; 29 Février 1704 mentions the Cécile.
12) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols
12b) Pelet Tome 2 page 486, Etat des troupes qui doivent garder la frontière mentions the De Fraula with 2 squadrons
12c) Pelet Tome 2 page 589 mentions the De Fraula with 2 squadrons in Liège.
12d) Pelet Tome 3 page 757 Etat des troupes de Campagne et de Garnison, depuis la mer jusqu'a Luxembourg. 17 Juin 1703 has Fraula with 2 squadrons.
13) Pelet Tome 5 page 564, Ordre de bataille de l'armée de Flandre... mentions de Fraula cavalry with 2 squadrons. This is most probably Emanuel de Fraula, born 26 December 1653 and dead in 1741. See Nobilaire des Pays-Bas, et du Comté de Bourgogne, page 783.
14) Europische Mercurius for 1696 under July page 102 for the Hartman regiment in July 1696 Corbais OOB.
14b) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols has the De Hartman regiment
15) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols has the De Penalosa regiment
16) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 766 has that Don Gaspard Gomez d'Espinosa was the first colonel of this regiment.
16b) Nobilaire des Pays-Bas et du Comté de Bourgogne by Vegiano Vol. 1 page 72, has d'Espinosa becoming de Ribaucourt.
16c) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols has the Ribeaucourt regiment
16d) Pelet Tome 2 page 480, Etat des troupes, tant d'infanterie que de cavalerie ...aux ordres de M. Marquis de Bedmar. Sent in April 1702 it mentions the 'Ribaucourt'.
16e) Pelet Tome 2 page 588, Etat des troupes qui composent l'armée 28 September 1702 mentions the Ribaucourt regiment with 2 squadrons
17) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols
17b) Pelet Tome 2 page 480, Etat des troupes, tant d'infanterie que de cavalerie ...aux ordres de M. Marquis de Bedmar mentions the 'Berghes' with 2 squadrons.
17c) Pelet Tome 2 page 589 mentions the Berghes with 2 squadrons in Liège.
17d) Pelet Tome 3 page 724, Etat des troupes qui doivent marcher au pays de Luxembourg. It mentions Bergues as Spanish cavalry with 2 squadrons.
18) Pelet Tome 1 page 463, says the Grigny regiment counted only 1 complete squadron by August 1701
18b) Pelet Tome 2 page 481, Etat des troupes, tant d'infanterie que de cavalerie ...aux ordres de M. Marquis de Bedmar mentions the Ggrigny there.
18c) Pelet Tome 2 page 580, Etat des troupes detachées aux ordres de M. de Tallard le 17 Septembre 1702 mentions the Grigny.
18d) Pelet Tome 3 page 757 Etat des troupes de Campagne et de Garnison, depuis la mer jusqu'a Luxembourg. 17 Juin 1703 has De Grigny with 2 squadrons.
19) Hollandsche Mercurius for 1690 page 240 for Brancaccio's movement in 1690.
19b) Europische Mercurius for 1696 under July page 102 for Brancaccio in the Corbais OOB.
19b) Pelet Tome 1 page 463, says the Brancaccio regiment counted only 1 complete squadron by August 1701
19c) Pelet Tome 2 page 480, Etat des troupes, tant d'infanterie que de cavalerie ...aux ordres de M. Marquis de Bedmar mentions the Brancaccio.
19d) Pelet Tome 2 page 588, Etat des troupes qui composent l'armée 28 September 1702 mentions the Brancaccio regiment with 2 squadrons
20) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 766 has that Chacon's regiment was created in Flanders in 1701
20b) Pelet Tome 1 page 463, says the Chaconne regiment counted only 1 complete squadron by August 1701
20c) Pelet Tome 2 page 480, Etat des troupes, tant d'infanterie que de cavalerie ...aux ordres de M. Marquis de Bedmar mentions the 'Chacon' with 2 squadrons.
20e) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 766 has that de Croy succeeded Chacon.
20f) Pelet Tome 3 page 724, Etat des troupes qui doivent marcher au pays de Luxembourg. It mentions Croy as Spanish cavalry with 2 squadrons.
20g) Pelet Tome 3 page 883, Ordre de bataille de l'armée du Rhin, 6 June 1703 mentions the Croy regiment as present with 2 squadrons.
20h) Pelet Tome 4 page 922, Etat des troupes qui seront en Alsace sous le commandement de M. le Maréchal de Marcin. It mentions Croy specifically as Cavalerie 'espagnol.
20i) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 766 has that D'Acosta succeeded De Croy.
21) Pelet Tome 1 page 556, Etat des troupes qui sont au pays de Gueldre.. referring to the winter 1701-1702 situation. Mentions 2 squadrons of the regiments Landas and designates them as Spanish.
24) Dangeau on 21 June 1703 Ordre de Bataille de l'armée du roi en Flandre has the Los Rios cavalry.
25) Pelet Tome 3 page 777 Etat des troupes qui sont sous Namur, 13 Octobre 1703 has the Rios cavalry.
26) Pelet Tome 4 page 678 Etat des troupes destinées á marcher dans des Quartiers avancés; 29 Février 1704 has the Rios riding to Diest.
26b) Pelet Tome 5 page 564, Ordre de bataille de l'armée de Flandre...le 12 May 1705 mentions the Rios cavalry with 2 squadrons
27) Pelet Tome 3 page 771 Etat des troupes qui partent du camp de Druen et de la Flandre pour joindre l'armée has the Heyder regiment.
27b) Pelet Tome 3 page 777 Etat des troupes aux ordres de M. de pracontal, 14 Octobre 1703 mentions the Heyder cavalry as Spanish.
27c) Pelet Tome 4 page 921 Etat des troupes qui seront (will be) en Alsace sous le commandement de M. le Maréchal de Marcin mentions the Heyder cavalry with 2 squadrons.
27d) Pelet Tome 5 page 564, Ordre de bataille de l'armée de Flandre...le 12 May 1705 mentions the Heyder cavalry with 2 squadrons
29) Pelet Tome 2 page 485, Etat des troupes qui dovient gardier la frontière mentions the Hornes cavalry with 2 squadrons in camp near Liege.
29b) Pelet Tome 2 page 515, Projet de disposition générale' destines the Hornes cavalry for a camp near Maastricht.
29c) Pelet Tome 2 page 581, Etat des troupes de M. le Prince de Tserclaes 17 Septembre 1702 has the Hornes cavalry.
30) Supplément au Nobilaire des Pays-Bas, et de comté de Bourgogne, Louvain 1775, page 252 has as second son of François Philippe de Melun Marquis de Richebourg and Comte de Beausart the fifth son Guillaume de Melun Prince d'Espinoy: Jean François de Melun, comte de Beausart, colonel d'un régiment de cavalerie pour le service de Philippe V. Roi d'Espagne, en 1705 & 1706, & Député de l'etat noble de la province de Flandres à la publication de la pragmatique-sanction à bruxelles le 15 Mai 1725, allié à Marie Caroline Philippine Volckaert.
50) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 769 has the early history of the Risbourg dragoons.
50a) Supplément au Nobilaire des Pays-Bas, et de comté de Bourgogne, Louvain 1775, page 253 has the first son of of François Philippe de Melun Marquis de Richebourg and Comte de Beausart the fifth son of Guillaume de Melun Prince d'Espinoy: Guillaume de Melun, Marquis de Richebourg, chevalier de la toison d'or, grand d'Esapgne de la premiere classe, fut colonel d'un régiment de dragons de son nom & maréchal de camp des armées de Philippe V. roi d'Espagne, en 1704, viceroi de Galice en 1707 etc.
50b) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols mentions the Richebourg dragoons
50c) Pelet Tome 2 page 480 mentions the Richebourg dragoons in April 1702
50d) Pelet Tome 2 page 588 mentions the Risbourg dragoons on 28 September 1702
50e) Pelet Tome 4 page 678 Etat des troupes destinées á marcher dans des Quartiers avancés; 29 Février 1704 has the Risbourg ordered to Louvain.
50) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 769 has the Comte de Melun succeeding to the Risbourg dragoons.
51) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 769 has the beginnings of the Valansart dragoons.
51b) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols mentions the De Valansart dragoons
51c) Pelet Tome 2 page 485, Etat des troupes qui doivent garder la frontière mentions the De Valansart dragoons with 3 squadrons
51d) Pelet Tome 5 page 564, Ordre de bataille de l'armée de Flandre... mentions the Valansart dragons with 3 squadrons
51e) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 769 has Aquaviva succeeding to the Valansart dragoons.
51f) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 769 has Brouchoven succeeding to the Valansart dragoons.
52) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 769 has the beginnings of the Ferrare dragoons.
52b) Pelet Tome 1 page 462, Etat des régiments de cavalerie et de dragons espagnols mentions the De Ferrare dragoons
52c) Pelet Tome 2 page 483, Etat des troupes de l'armée de Gueldre, 22 April. It mentions De Ferrare with 3 squadrons.
52d) Pelet Tome 2 page 589 mentions the De Ferrare with 3 squadrons in Liège.
52e) Pelet Tome 4 page 678 Etat des troupes destinées á marcher á la tête de la frontière mentions the De Ferrare as having to move to Lier with 3 squadrons.
52f) Pelet Tome 5 page 564, Ordre de bataille de l'armée de Flandre... mentions the Ferrare dragons with 3 squadrons.
52g) La Science des personnes de cour, d'epée et de Robe by De Chevigni vol. 6 part 2 page 769 has Pignatelli succeeding to the Ferrare dragoons.