under construction

French civilians in the early eighteenth century

This page is about those Frenchman who were neither noble, nor clergy nor employed in agriculture. As such it excludes the Noblesse de robe and is primarily about city dwellers. In a city there were roughly three groups. The city magistrates that ruled the town; the members of the guilds; those working for these groups.

Economic situation of civilians under the ancien regime

The three classes of peasants