England in 1700

Population of England in 1700

The total population of the British Isles in 1700 is estimated at 8.2 million. The population of England and Wales in 1700 at 5.1 million, that of Ireland at 2.0 million and Scotland 1.1 million. In England and Wales between one-sixth and one-third of the population lived in urban areas, the figure depending on the method used to determine urbanization. In England and Wales about 30 towns had more than 5,000 inhabitants in 1700.

Economy of England in 1700

The English economy of the early 1700's still employed more than half the population in agriculture. Manufacturing and trade were rising in importance. The events of 1688 had led to the establishment of a modern financial system based on the Dutch.

Political structure of England

The political structure of England in 1700 is the one that most closely resembles 21st century western democracies. It had an elected parliament that represented the population, wielded law-making power and had authority over the government's budget. In government the king still had a lot of power, but had delegated much to his ministers. In turn these were very dependent on parliament.