George Hamilton's regiment of the Scots Brigade

61 George Hamilton regiment
Redhouse Castle near Aberlemno
George Hamilton was said to be of
Redhouse Castle in East Lothian.
By Renata
Commanded by:
George Hamilton1690

1 Administrative traces of George Hamilton's regiment

1.1 Two Hamilton Regiments

The Hamilton regiment was raised as a British regiment in Britain after the Glorious Revolution. Because there were multiple Hamilton's commanding regiments, finding this one takes some effort. On 9 October 1690 the list for the troops to be maintained in 1691 passed the House of Commons and had a Colonel Gustavus Hamilton and a Colonel Hamilton to serve in 16911. On 9 November 1691 the list for the troops to be maintained in 1692 passed the Commons. In it was a regiment of Colonel (Gustavus) Hamilton (later 20th Foot) between Foulk's and St. George's, and a Lord George Hamilton regiment near the end of the list2.

1.2 Placed between the Scots Regiments

In the 26 November 1694 army list for 1695 this regiment continued as Colonel George Hamilton's next to Lord Strathnaver's3. On 3 December 1695 the estimates for the 1696 army passed the Commons. In it were a Colonel Frederick Hamilton regiment and a Colonel George Hamilton regiment4. On having the estimates for 1697 on 28 October 1696 the picture was the same5.

1.3 Identity of George Hamilton

All this makes it certain that this regiment went back some time, but does not make it clear who George Hamilton was. Some of the earlier mentions might refer to a regiment by George Hamilton, earl of Orkney, but after 1696 the Commons would not have designated his regiment as 'Colonel George Hamilton's'. Ferguson has it that the colonel of our regiment was George Hamilton of Redhouse East Lothian6.

1.4 Hamilton's in the Nine Years War

In mid-1695 Hamilton's regiment was in Vaudemont's army that covered the siege of Namur, and was next to the Strathnaver regiment 7. On 26 May 1697 Hamilton's regiment was in the second line of King William's army camped at St. Quintin's Lennick next to Strathnaver's8. After the 1697 peace of Rijswijk the regiment then briefly entered Dutch service, but was returned on account of Eppinger's dragoons returning thither. In the 4 March 1699 Journal of the House of Commons it becomes clear that George Hamilton's regiment has returned to Scotland and Frederick Hamilton's continued in Ireland9.

2 Hamilton's regiment of Foot in the War of the Spanish Succession

2.1 Briefly on the Scottish establishment

As alluded to above, Hamilton's was one of the three Scots regiments that William III had sent to the United Provinces in stead of the three English regiments of the Anglo-Dutch brigade. It was also the first to return, because King William III had to let Eppinger's dragoons return to Holland, and the States General could not afford to keep it.

2.2 Return to Dutch service

On the eve of war in 1701 the United Provinces decided to expand their army again. King William III therefore sent Hamilton's regiment to serve in the Dutch army. In the extraordinary state of war for 1702 the names of Colonel George Hamilton, Lieutenant-colonel Walter MacDonald and Major John Douglas are filled in10. Unlike the other new regiments this one was on Zeeland, and in the 1703 budget the names were still not filled in11.

3 Notes

1) House of Commons Journal for 9 October 1690 has Colonel Gust. Hamilton and Colonel Hamilton to serve in 1691.
2) House of Commons Journal for 9 November 1691 has Colonel Hamilton and Lord George Hamilton to serve in 1692.
3) House of Commons Journal for 26 November 1694 has Colonel Frederick Hamilton and Colonel George Hamilton to serve in 1695.
4) House of Commons Journal for 3 December 1695 has Colonel Frederick Hamilton and Colonel George Hamilton to serve in 1696.
5) House of Commons Journal for 28 October 1696 has the same: Colonel Frederick Hamilton and Colonel George Hamilton to serve in 1697.
6) Ferguson volume 2 page 29 has a note that this was George Hamilton of Red House.
7) Digam has a map 'Plan de Camp que l'armée de sa Majesté Britanique commandé par Son Altesse le Prince de Vaudemont prit le 30e du mois de Juin a Woutergem'. It has the Hamilton Ecoissois next to Strathnaver's regiment.
8) DIGAM has the Ordre de Battaille de l'armée commande par le Mayst Britannique au camp de St. Quintins Lenick et Eijseringen, le 26 may 1697 It has Hamilton next to Stratnaver. We know that it is about George Hamilton's regiment because Frederick Hamilton's was designated as such in the first line.
9) House of Commons Journal for 4 March 1699 has Colonel Frederick Hamilton in Ireland and Colonel George Hamilton returned to Scotland.
10) Ferguson volume 2 page 27 has the state of war for 1702.
11) Ferguson volume 2 page 30 has the state of war for 1703.