Strathnaver's regiment of the Scots Brigade

60 Argyll's regiment
painting of John Campbell 2nd Duke of Argyll
In 1702 John Campbell Marquis of Lorne
aft. 2nd Duke of Argyll became colonel
Commanded by:
John Lord StrathnaverFeb. 1693
Lorne, ArgyllJune 1702
John M. of Tullibardine
John Campbell
James Wood

1 Strathnaver's regiment in the Nine Years War

1.1 Strathnaver's regiment of Foot

In February 1693 John Lord Strathnaver raised a Scottish regiment for King William III1. In late 1694 the British forces indeed listed a Lord Strathnaver regiment (i.e. not in Dutch service). On 30 June 1695 Strathnaver's regiment was in camp at Woutergem in West Flanders in the army of the Prince de Vaudemont2. The name Lord Strathnaver was in the family of the Earls of Sutherland.

1.2 Strathnaver's in Dutch service

After the 1697 peace of Rijswijk King William III kept the three English regiments of the Anglo-Dutch brigade in his service as King of England. He gave the three new Scottish regiments back to the Dutch army along with the ones that had crossed to England in 1688. One of these new regiments was Strathnaver's regiment. The others were the Hamilton regiment and Portmore's regiment. And so Strathnaver's came into Dutch service for the first time.

1.3 Strathnaver's on the Scotish establishment

On account of England sending back the Dutch Guards to the United Provinces, the States General sent back Strathnaver's regiment, which came on the Scottish establishment.

2 Strathnaver's regiment of Foot in the War of the Spanish Succession

2.1 In Dutch service again

Col. Johan, Lord StrathnaverJohn Brodie
Lt-Col. James WoodJohn Gordon
St-Major Charles SwintonJames Broun
Robert BruceArthur Stuwart
John JordanFrançois Fargher
John HomeDavid Graham

The mounting tension about the succession of the Spanish throne occassioned the United Provinces to strengthen their army in 1701. The 1701 extraordinary budget ('Staat van Oorlog') for the army therefore had funds to engage 24 new Scottish companies on Holland and 12 new companies on Zeeland3. The 1702 extraordinary budget filled in the names of the colonel Strathnaver and his lieutenant-colonel and the major, but left the other 9 companies blank4. It was the 1703 budget that filled in the names of the companies of Strathnaver's regiment as follows5:

2.2 In the Siege of Kaiserswerth

On 16 April 1702 the alliance troops started the Siege of Kaiserswerth. Strathnaver's regiment was part of the force that closed on Kaiserwerth6. On 9 June 1702 Strathnaver's was part of the assault on the counterscarp, but suffered only 8 killed and 30 wounded7. Lord Strathnaver got an appointment in Scotland in June 1702 and left the service of the States General shortly after. Queen Anne recommended the Marquis of Lorne to replace him7b.

2.3 Argyll's regiment

By appointment of 16 June 1702 the Marquis of Lorne became colonel of the regiment8. John Campbell was the grandson of the Archibald, 9th Earl of Campbell (c. 1629-1685), who was beheaded for his part in the Monmouth rebellion. His father was Archibald 10th Earl of Campbell (1658- September 1703), colonel of the Scots Horse Guards and created first Duke of Argyll; Marquis of Lorne and Kintyre; Earl of Campbell and Cowal and other Scotch honors on 23 June 1701. Born on 10 October 1678 John Campbell would later be designated as second Duke of Argyll, but before his father died he used the title Marquis of Lorne. He would make a notable career in the armed forces and has a biography9.

2.4 1703 campaign

In late June 1703 Lorne's regiment was in 's Hertogenbosch10. In August 1703 Lorne's participated in the operations to conquer Huy. After that it was in the camp at Hannut on 5 September 170311. In March 1704 the count of Argyle was promoted to Brigadier-general. In July 1704 Argyle's regiment was in Ouwerkerk's army22.

3 Notes

1) Ferguson part 2 page 3 for Strathnaver's regiment raised in February 1693.
2) Plan du camp que l'armée de sa majesté Britanique commandé par son Altesse M. le Prince de Vaudemont prit le 30 du mois de Juin a Woutergem has Strathnaver's regiment.
3) Ferguson volume 2 page 26 has this 2nd extraordinary state of war for 1701.
4) Ferguson volume 2 page 27 has this 2nd extraordinary state of war for 1702.
5) Ferguson volume 2 page 30 has this 2nd extraordinary state of war for 1703 which fills the names of the companies of Strathnaver's regiment.
6) Staatse Leger Volume 8 part 1 page 686: Insluitingsleger voor Keizersweert, has Strathnaver's regiment.
7) Staatse Leger Volume 8 part 1 page 691: Lijste van dooden en gequesten van de troupe van den staat, bij de atttaque van de contrescarpe voor Keysersweert bekoomen, den 9 juni 1702; has Strathnaver's regiment with 8 killed.
7b) Murray's volume 1 page 3 has a 8 June 1702 letter from Marlborough at The Hague to Heinsius: Come sa Majesté souhaiterait d'employer My Lord Strathnaver, qui commande un régiment Ecossais a la solde de l'Etat, dans la royaume d'Ecosse, ou son service lui serait très-utile, Elle m'a ordonné d'en faire part a Messieurs les Etats, et en même temps de recommander a leurs Hautes Puissances M. le Marquis de Lorne, fils du Duc d'Argyle, pour commander le dit régiment en sa place.
8) Staatse Leger Volume 7 page 330 has Lorne's appointment on 16 June 1702.
9) The Life of the most illustrious prince John Duke of Argyle and Greenwich, by Robert Campbell esq. London 1745. The biography is available at Google Books Biography of John Campbell second Duke of Argyll
10) Heinsius Archief has a letter by Heinsius to Obdam on 29 June 1703, promising to sent the Lorne regiment from 's Hertogenbosch to the vicinity of Bergen op Zoom.
11) DIGAM has the Ordre de Bataille de l'armée des Alliés au camp de Hannue le 5me Sept. 1703, with the Lorne regiment in the brigade of Moré (Murray).
22) Staatse Leger Volume 8 part 1 page 757: Ordre de Bataille van het leger van Ouwerkerk, 26 July 1704, has Argyle's regiment.