Charles O'Hara, Baron Tyrawley, later known as 7th Foot

Lord Dartmouth's regiment

Commanded by:
George Lord Dartmouth111 June 1685
John Lord Churchill aftw. Duke of Marlborough226 August 1689
Lord George Hamilton afterwards Earl of Orkney323 January 1692
Edward Fitzpatrick41 August 1692
Charles O'Hara aftw. Lord Tyrawley512 November 1696 -

The Royal regiment of Fusiliers was the first of the regiments founded by James II on the account of Monmouth's rebellion. It was an ordnance regiment with the prime task of guarding the artillery. By commission of 11 June 1685 its first colonel was George 1st Baron of Dartmouth, then Master General of the Ordnance. This was of course too late to join in the battle of Sedgemoor.

In 1688 Dartmouth commanded the fleet and could thus do little with his regiment. After William III came to power Dartmouth was stripped of all appointments.

Marlborough's regiment

On 8 March 1689 the Royal regiment of Fusiliers was ordered to Holland as part of the British forces which would support the alliance on the continent. The overall command of these forces was with Lieutenant-General John Churchill earl of Marlborough. It's not entirely clear to me when he became colonel of the fusiliers. On 25 August 1689 the Royal Fusiliers fought at Walcourt. During the winter of 1689-1690 it was in Gent and Brugge6. In 1690 it then participated in the expedition to Cork and Kinsale7.

George Hamilton's regiment

In January 1692 the Earl of Marlborough was disgraced and the Royal Fusilier regiment was given to George Hamilton (afterwards Lord Orkney)8. On 3 August 1692 the Hamilton regiment participated in the Battle of Steenkerque, where it suffered 10 killed and 15 wounded9. On 1 August 1692 (probably O.S.) George Hamilton became colonel of the Royal Scots.

Fitzpatrick's regiment during the Nine Years War

On 1 August 1692 Edward Fitzpatrick was appointed as colonel10. In June 1693 Fitzpatrick's regiment camped near the Abbey of Parck11. Fitzpatrick drowned while passing to Ireland on 10 November 1696.

O'Hara's regiment during the Nine Years War

On 12 November 1696 Sir Charles O'Hara12 Baron Tyrawley (in 1706) was appointed. The Royal regiment of fusiliers survived the post-Rijswijk disbandings by being in Jersey and Guernsey.

O'Hara's regiment of Foot in the War of the Spanish Succession

In 1702 O'Hara's joined the expedition to Cadiz, where 'Hara's' regiment was in the second line of the 15 August 1702 landing. On 1 January 1703 Tyrawley was still commanding. He would be succeeded by his son James second baron Tyrawley.

Notes

1) English Army Lists and Commission Registers, 1661-1714, Vol. IV London 1898, page 6 has 11 June 1685 as date of George Lord Dartmouth's appointment (present in the commission entry books)
2) English Army Lists, Vol. IV, page 6 has 26 August 1689 as date of John Lord Churchill's appointment (not present in the commission entry books)
3) English Army Lists, Vol. IV, page 6 has 23 January 1692 as date of Lord George Hamilton's appointment (present in the commission entry books)
4) English Army Lists, Vol. IV, page 6 has 1 August 1692 as date of Edward Fitzpatrick's appointment (present in the commission entry books)
5) English Army Lists, Vol. IV, page 6 has 12 November 1696 as date of Charles O'Hara's appointment (present in the commission entry books)
6) Wilhelm III von Oranien und Georg Friedrich von Waldeck by P.L. Müller, The Hague 1873 v. 2 page 227 has the appendix D: Die Niederländische Armee unter Waldecks Oberbefehl im Winter 1689-90, it has the Marlborough regment as wintering in Brugge and Gent.
7) Historical Records of the British Army London 1837, the Fourth, or the King's own regiment of foot, page 17 lists the Royal Fusiliers as participating in this expedition.
8) The Continuation of Mr. Rapin's History of England by N. Tindal London 1761 page 511 about Marlborough's disgrace.
9) Wilhelm III von Oranien und Georg Friedrich von Waldeck by P.L. Müller, The Hague 1873 v. 2 page 238 has the appendix G: Verluste der Alliierten bei Steenkerken. 3 Aug. 1692, it has Lt-Gen. Hamilton's regiment with its losses.
10) Collin's Peerage of England London 1812 Vol VIII page 307 has these particulars of Edward Fitzpatrick, elder brother of Richard later Baron of Gowran.
11) Europische Mercurius for June 1693 page 289 has the Lyste van het leger der Geallieerden, gecampeerd by d'Abdye van Park, onder den Koning van Engeland en den Keurvorst van Beyeren., has the regiment as 'Fitz Patrik'
12) For Charles O'Hara Baron Tyrawley (ca 1640 - 1727) see: The Peerage of Ireland London 1768, Vol. II page 179