Descriptions of the English Cavalry regiments on 1 January 1703

The English Cavalry order of battle on 1 January 1703.

This Order of battle shows the cavalry and dragoon units of the English army. The numbers in front of the units represent the hierarchy of 1702.

Cavalry

1st Troop of Horse Guards; Earl of Albemarle

In 1688 Richard Lumley was one of the 'immortal seven' who invited Stadholder William III to England. Some of the rewards were his appointment as commander of the first troop of horse guards on 2 April 1689 and later on the title Earl of Scarborough1. The first troop of horse guards then participated in the battle of the Boyne in July 1690.

In March 1699 Albemarle got the command of the first troop of Horse Guards.2. On 26 December 1702 Albemarle was still commander of this troop3. Later on Albemarle sold his command to the second earl (later duke) of Portland. Henry Bentinck Earl of Portland became colonel of the first horse guards on 21 July 17103b. In 1712 Portland was then forced to sell the first horse guards to Lord Ashburnham for 10,000 pounds3c. 1715 John Duke of Montague was announced to have been appointed its colonel4.

2nd Troop of Horse Guards; Ormond

James Butler second duke of Ormond was one of the first nobles to switch to William III's side. Amongst his rewards was the colonelcy of the second troop of horse guards, to which he was appointed on 14 February 16895. Early in 1699 the second troop of Horse Guards was still commanded by the Duke of Ormond. On 1 January 1712 the Duke of Ormond however came to command the first Foot Guard and so he had to leave his horse guards.

Ormonde was almost immediately succeeded by the Duke of Northumberland6. On 21 March 1715 the Earl of Hertford became colonel of the second troop of horse Guards7. The appointment was announced to the public on 9 April 17158

3rd Troop of Horse Guards; Lord Rivers

The 3rd troop of Horse Guards was under the command of Lord Rivers. In February 1703 he sold the troop to the Earl of Arran9. On 9 April 1715 the appointement of George Lord Newburgh (Cholmondeley) was announced to the public10.

4th Troop of Horse Guards (Scottish);

The 4th troop of Horse Guards was on the Scottish establishment in 1699 as Scottish troop of Guards. Later on it would become the 4th troop of the United Kingdom. On 25 August 1702 the Duke of Argyll was appointed as its commander SP 469.

1st Troop of Horse Grenadier Guards; Cholmondeley

In 1699 the 1st troop of Horse Grenadier Guards was under the command of George second earl of Cholmondeley. In April 1715 the appointment of Richard Lord Lumley (son of Richard Lumley earl of Scarborough) as colonel of the first horse grenadier guards was announced11.

2nd Troop of Horse Grenadier Guards;

The second troop of Horse Grenadier Guards was Scottish. In 1702 it was to consist of 64 men. In April 1715 the appointment of Henry Earl of De Loraine was announced to the public12.

Royal Regiment of Guards; Earl of Oxford

The Royal regiment of Guards was formed in 1661 when Aubery de Vere Earl of Oxford was appointed as its colonel13. It's also stated that its origings date from the parliamentary army, but I have not found a source for this. This 1st Horse was part of the troops William kept on the English establishment in 1699 (see below). On 1 January 1703 it was still commanded by Aubery de Vere, who died on 12 March 1703.

The Earl of Oxford was succeeded by George Duke of Northumberland14. In January 1712 the Duke of Northumberland was however appointed as Colonel of the second troop of horse Guards. He was succeeded by the Earl of Rivers15.

2nd Regiment of Horse; Lumley

In 1687 Sir John Lanier was colonel of this regiment16. With his regiment he switched to William's side and so it was at the battle of the Boyne in July 1690. In November 1691 the Commons mentioned the regiment by the name of its commander Sir John Lanier17. In November 1692 it was known as the 'Queen's regiment'18. On 3 August 1692 Lieutenant-General Sir John Lanier was mortaly wounded in the battle of Steenkerque, he died that same month19.

On 10 August 1692 Henry Lumley (younger brother of Richard Lumley and not to be confused with Henry Lumley who twice sat in the Commons) was appointed as colonel over this regiment. Under his leadership the regiment distinguished itself in the battle of Neerwinden (Landen) in July 1693. Lumley's was kept on English establishment in 1699. The regiment had 9 companies that fielded 3 squadrons.

In July 1702 Lumley's horse were in camp at Dukenburg with three squadrons. In 1704 Lumley's horse were present at Blenheim. In 1705 Lumley's regiment was present when the alliance army broke through the Lines of Brabant. In 1706 Lumley's regiment was present in the battle of Ramillies.

3rd Regiment of Horse; Harvey

This regiment of horse had been raised by Henry Mordaunt Earl of Peterbrough on 20 June 168520. After the Glorious Revolution Henry Mordaunt went to jail and Edward Villiers was appointed as colonel on 31 December 168821. On 19 January 1694 he was succeeded by Brigadier Richard Leveson who came over from a dragoon regiment22. It's often stated that on 15 March 169923 Colonel Daniel Harvey succeeded him, but this probably only reflects that Leveson died in March 1699 and it's much more probable that Harvey became commander in May 1699.

Before getting this regiment Harvey had another horse regiment which the government decided to disband in November 169724. This was probably the regiment originally raised for Arran because Harvey was mentioned as its owner in January 169925. This is the more likely because Major Petry was mentioned as major of Arran's regiment on 18 March 1697 and as major of Harvey's regiment on 11 March 1699. Leveson's regiment was not on the 5 March 1699 list of troops to be kept at the cost of the kingdom of England by William III. It was on a list of troops which were on the Irish establishment in 1698. It's also listed as being in Ireland and thus on Irish establishment in a list of 4 March 1699.

In 1703 Harvey's regiment left the Irish establishment to go to Spain25b. It arrived in Lisbon on 16 March 1704. In 1707 Harvey's regiment was in the Battle of Almansa where its lieutenant-colonel was killed. In July 1710 Harvey's regiment was in Spain.

4th Regiment of Horse; Wood

In February 1702 Wood's regiment is mentioned as ordered to Holland26.Colonel Wood had succeeded Berkly as colonel of this regiment27. Wood's horse were part of the 7,000 men kept by England in 1699.

In July 1702 Wood's horse were in camp at Dukenburg with two squadrons. In 1704 it fought at Blenheim. In 1705 Wood's horse were present when the alliance army broke through the Lines of Brabant. In 1706 Wood's regiment was present in the battle of Ramillies. In July 1706 it participated in the siege of Menin. In October 1706 Wood's horse were present in the siege of Ath.

5th Regiment of Horse; Langston

Colonel Langston had succeeded Godfry as colonel of this regiment28. This probably happened in February 1693, when Godfry laid down his command29. Before succeeding to this regiment Langston had another regiment which was broken up in August 1692, the men being divided over the other horse regiments30. The regiment is not on the 5 March 1699 list of English troops, but is on the 16 December 1698 list of troops on Irish establishment.

It's very probable that during the first years of the war Langston's regiment remained in Ireland. In May 1707 it was mentioned as being destined to go from Ireland to Portugal.

6th Regiment of Horse; Earl of Arran

Charles Butler 1st Earl of Arran (the Irish title from January 1694) had a newly raised horse regiment in May 169431, but this was not the 6th Horse. Later on it was stated that Arran had succeeded John Coy as colonel of a regiment32. This indicates that Arrans 6th Horse was a regiment previously commanded by John Coy and differed from Arran's 1694 regiment. This is also proven by lists of November 1694, December 1695 and October 1696 which all contain Colonel Coy's horse regiment next to Arrans regiment. Colonel John Coy had been in command of this regiment since before November 1691 and according to the lists he laid down his command somewhere between December 1697 and December 1698. The formal appointment of the Earl of Arran to this regiment may have occurred after 3 March 1699. Arran's was part of the 7,000 troops kept by England in 1699.

In July 1702 Arran's horse were in camp at Dukenburg with one squadron. In February 1703 the Earl Arran would succeed Lord Rivers on the 3rd troop of horse guards. Cadogan then succeeded to Arran's (this) horse regiment. In 1704 Cadogan's horse were present at Blenheim with one squadron. In 1705 Cadogan's horse was present with 2 squadrons when the alliance army broke through the Lines of Brabant. In 1706 Cadogan's regiment was present in the battle of Ramillies. In July 1706 Cadogan's horse participated in the siege of Menin. In October 1706 Cadogan's horse were present in the siege of Ath.

7th Regiment of Horse; Wyndham

In December 1698 Wyndham was colonel of a regiment of horse33. In February 1702 his regiment is mentioned as ordered to Holland34. Wyndham's horse was part of the 7,000 troops kept by England in 1699.

In July 1702 Wyndham's horse were in camp at Dukenburg with two squadrons. In 1704 Wynham's regiment was at the battle of Blenheim. In 1705 Wyndham's horse were present when the alliance army broke through the Lines of Brabant. In 1706 Wyndham's horse were present in the battle of Ramillies. In July 1706 it participated in the siege of Menin.

8th Regiment of Horse; Schomberg

In February 1702 his regiment is mentioned as ordered to Holland35. Schomberg's horse were part of the 7,000 soldiers kept by England in 1699.

In July 1702 Schomberg's horse were in camp at Dukenburg with two squadrons. In 1704 it was in the battle of Blenheim. In 1705 Schomberg's horse were present when the alliance army broke through the Lines of Brabant.In 1706 Schomberg's regiment was present in the battle of Ramillies. In October 1706 Schomberg's horse were present in the siege of Ath.

9th Regiment of Horse; Lord Windsor

Macclesfield's regiment of horse features in a regimental list of December 169836. It was also specifically mentioned on 5 March 1699 as one of the horse regiments which would not be disbanded. Macclesfield's regiment was therefore still under the Earl of Lord Macclesfield on 3 May 169937. On 6 April 1699 the Earl of Macclesfield featured as a Major-General on a list of officers. On 5 November 1701 Macclesifield died. In February 1702 his regiment is mentioned as ordered to Holland38 In January 1702 there was a rumor that William had given Macclesfield's regiment to Colonel Leigh39. In fact it would however be given to Lord Windsor.

Before getting Macclesfield's regiment Lord Windsor had a regiment which was mentioned in March 1699 as having been disbanded and the officers getting half-pay. On 20 May 1702 Lord Windsor then got the command of Macclesfield's regiment: We have commissioned Lord Windsor to command the regiment of Horse in Ireland lately commanded by the deceased Earl of Macclesfield40. On 24 February 1703 Lord Windsor's regiment was mentioned as being in Ireland41. On 2 March 1703 Lord Windsor's regiment was again mentioned when the Lieutenant-Colonel gave up his place 42. In 1707 Lord Windsor's regiment was given to Masham.

Dragoons

1sr Regiment of Dragoons; Lord Raby; 'Royal Regiment of Dragoons'

Since 30 May 1697 this dragoon regiment was under the command of Thomas Earl of Strafford43, Lord Raby. Strafford's dragoon regiment was part of the 7,000 troops to be maintained by England in 1699.

In July 1702 Lord Raby's dragoons were in the camp of Dukenburg near Nijmegen with three squadrons. In December 1703 they were designated to go to Spain43b.

2nd Regiment of Dragoons; Lloyd; 'Our own regiment of Dragoons'

Charles Duke of Somerset was the first colonel of this regiment when it was founded on 2 August 1685. On 2 August 1688 he was succeeded by Alexander Cannon. On 31 December 1688 Richard Leveson then became colonel44. On 30 January 1694 Leveson switched to a Horse regiment and was succeeded by Thomas Lord Fairfax45. On 21 February 1695 William Lloyd became commander46. Lloyd's Dragoon regiment was among the 7,000 men maintained by England in 1699.

3rd Regiment of Dragoons; Earl of Essex

On 17 July 1685 James Viscount Fitzharding was the first colonel of this dragoon regiment47. He was succeeded by Thomas Maxwell, but reappointed by William III on 31 December 1688. On 1 September 1693 he was followed by the Earl of Essex48.

4th Regiment of Dragoons (Scottish); Thomas Lord Tiviot; 'Royal Scots'

Thomas Dalzell was the first colonel of this regiment on 15 November 1681. He was succeeded by Charles Dunmore and on 31 December 1688 Thomas Lord Tiviot was appointed as colonel. Tiviot would be followed by Lord John Hay on 7 April 1704 and John Earl of Stair on 21 April 170649. Somewhere about the end of the War of the Spanish Succession this dragoon regiment started to rank as the second. The fact that it previously held a lower rank had to do with the fact that this was a Scottish regiment maintained by the kingdom of Scotland. Therefore it did not feature in the army lists treated by the House of Commons.

In July 1702 Tiviot's dragoons were in camp at Dukenburg. In 1704 they were at Blenheim as Royal Scots. In 1705 they were present when the alliance army broke through the Lines of Brabant. In 1706 Tiviot's dragoons were at Ramillies.

5th Regiment of Dragoons; Ross; 'Royal Irish'

In February 1702 the Ross dragoon regiment was mentioned as ordered to Holland50. Ross had succeeded Winn as Colonel of this regiment51. Ross had probably succeeded Wynn in 169552. The first mention I have of this regiment is from 9 November 169153. Rosse's was not part of the list of the 7,000 troops to be kept by England, but was on the 12 December 1698 list of troops on Irish establishment.

In July 1702 Ross' dragoons were in camp at Dukenburg. During the War of the Spanish Succession Ross's regiment would be dubbed Royal Irish, and this was the name under which they appeared in the battles of Blenheim and Ramilies. In 1705 Ross dragoons were present when the alliance army broke through the Lines of Brabant. In 1706 Ross' dragoons were at Ramillies.

6th Regiment of Dragoons; Echlin

Sir Albert Cunningham is mentioned as the first colonel of this regiment on 31 December 168954. It's said that on 30 December 1691 he was followed by Robert Ecklin, who would command the regiment during the whole of the war, but I have not found prove of this yet, only that a dragoon colonel Cunningham was dead in November 169155. There are however official records for Echlin as a colonel of a dragoon regiment in 169956. Echlin's dragoons were on Irish establishment in 1698.

7th Regiment of Dragoons (Scottish); Jedburgh

This was again a Scottish regiment maintained by the Kingdom of Scotland. It had been founded by Robert Cunningham on 30 December 1690. He was succeeded by William M. of Lothian (Lord Jedburgh) on 1 October 1696. He would in turn be succeeded by Patrick Lord Polworth on 28 April 1707 and William Kerr on 10 October 170957.

8th Regiment of Dragoons; Cunningham

Henry Cunningham was the first colonel of this regiment on 1 February 1693. On 26 January 1706 he was succeeded by Robert Killegrew and on 15 April 1707 James Pepper became colonel58. In December 1698 Cunningham's was on the Irish establishment. On 16 April 1714 the regiment was disbanded.

9th Regiment of Dragoons; Earl of Hyndford

On 12 May 1702 John, Earl of Hyndford got a commission to raise a new regiment of six companies of dragoons in Scotland.

Notes

1) The Peerage of Ireland Dublin 1789, has an article about Richard Lumley
2) A brief historical relation of State affairs from september 1678 to April 1714, by Narcissus Luttrel vol IV page 521.
3) A brief historical relation of State affairs from september 1678 to April 1714, by Narcissus Luttrel vol V page 251. Mentions under 26 December 1702 that it's sais that the troop of guards commanded by Albemarle will be given to the son of Marlborough.
3b) Collins's Peerage of England Volume 2 London 1812, page 37 has an entry about Henry Bentinck.
3c) The Works of Jonathan Swift containing additional letters, tracts and poems by Walter Scott vol. 4 Edinburgh 182, page 99 has this statement about Ashburnham's appointment.
4) The political state of Great Britain volume 9 London 1715, page 301 mentions Montague's appointment.
5) Portraits of Illustrious personages of Great Britain has an entry about Richard Butler second Duke of Ormond.
6) The history and proceedings of the House of Lords volume 2 London 1742, in a footnote on page 360
7) The Chronological Historian London 1835 Volume 1 page 441 has the Earl of Hertford succeeding to the second troop.
8) The political state of Great Britain volume 9 London 1715, page 301 mentions Herford's appointment to the second troop.
9) A brief historical relation of State affairs from september 1678 to April 1714, by Narcissus Luttrel vol V page 272.
10) The political state of Great Britain volume 9 London 1715, page 302 mentions Newburgh's appointment to the third troop.
11) The political state of Great Britain volume 9 London 1715, page 302 mentions Richard Lumley's appointment to the first horse grenadiers.
12) The political state of Great Britain volume 9 London 1715, page 302 mentions Henry de Loraine's appointment to the second horse grenadiers.
13) Military antiquities respecting a history of the English army London 1801, page 98.
14) The history of the reign of Queen Anne digested into Annals, London 1704. In the appendix page 20 the Earl of Oxford's demise and his successor aa colonel are mentioned.
15) The history and proceedings of the House of Lords volume 2 London 1742, in a footnote on page 360 mentions Rivers' appointment
16) Dictionary of national biography volume 32 has an entry about John Lanier.
17) In the House of Commons Journal Volume 10; 9 Nov. 1691 Sir John Lanier is mentioned as commander of this regiment.
18) In the House of Commons Journal Volume 10; 25 Nov. 1692 this regiment is mentioned as the Queen's regiment.
19) The Peerage of Ireland has an entry about Henry Lumley and has this date.
20) The Royal Military Panorama or officer's companion, London 1814, page 370 for this date.
21) Idem. Also In the House of Commons Journal Volume 12; 14 Dec. 1697 Brigadier Levisons's regiment is designated as īlate Villier'sī.
22) Idem. Also A brief historical relation of State affairs from september 1678 to April 1714, by Narcissus Luttrel vol III page 257. States in January 1694 that Brigadier Leveson got Villiers regiment of horse and that Leveson's dragoons were given to Lord Fairfax.
23) The Royal Military Panorama or officer's companion, London 1814, page 370 for this date of 15 March 1699. Also: A brief historical relation of State affairs from september 1678 to April 1714, by Narcissus Luttrel vol IV page 521. States in May 1699 that Colonel Harvy got the dragoon regiment commanded by the late major general Leveson, but it's likely a mistake to name it dragoon.
24) A brief historical relation of State affairs from september 1678 to April 1714, by Narcissus Luttrel vol IV page 311. Mentions in November 1697 that the Horse regiments of Colonel Harvey and Colonel Windsor as well as the dragoon regiments of Colonel Leigh and Lord Denbigh are to be paid off (disbanded)
25) In the House of Commons Journal Volume 12; 16 Jan. 1699 is mention of Colonel Harvy's, late Arran's regiment regiment of Horse.
25b) Mercure Historique et Politique for 1703 vol. II page 673 for Harvey's regiment being sent to Spain.
26) A brief historical relation of State affairs from september 1678 to April 1714, by Narcissus Luttrel vol V page 141.
27) In the House of Commons Journal Volume 11; 3 Dec. 1695 Colonel Wood's regiment is designated as īlate Berkly'sī.
28) In the House of Commons Journal Volume 11; 3 Dec. 1695 Colonel Langston's regiment is designated as īlate Godfry'sī.
29) A brief historical relation of State affairs from september 1678 to April 1714, by Narcissus Luttrel vol III page 36. States in February 1693 that Godfry laid down command of his horse regiment.
30) Calendar of State Papers Domestic series Volume I 1702-1703 by Pentland-Mahaffy. Under 25 June 1702, page 432, states the miseries of Langston's first regiments.
31) A brief historical relation of State affairs from september 1678 to April 1714, by Narcissus Luttrel vol III page 318. States in May 1694 that Arran's horse regiment was camped on Hounslow Heath.
32) In the House of Commons Journal Volume 12; 24 Feb. 1699 is mention of a regiment: 'now under the Command of the Right Honourable Charles Earl of Arran, and late commanded by the Honourable Colonel John Coy.
33) In the House of Commons Journal Volume 12; 16 Dec. 1697 Wyndham is mentioned as commander of a horse regiment.
34) A brief historical relation of State affairs from september 1678 to April 1714, by Narcissus Luttrel vol V page 141.
35) A brief historical relation of State affairs from september 1678 to April 1714, by Narcissus Luttrel vol V page 141.
36) In the House of Commons Journal Volume 12; 16 Dec. 1698 is mention of the Earl of Macclesfield's regiment of horse.
37) In the House of Commons Journal Volume 12; 3 May 1699 is mention of complaints by late soldiers of Macclesfield's regiment of Horse.
38) A brief historical relation of State affairs from september 1678 to April 1714, by Narcissus Luttrel vol V page 141.
39) A brief historical relation of State affairs from september 1678 to April 1714, by Narcissus Luttrel vol V page 134. States that it was said that the king had given the late earl of Macclesfield's horse to colonel Lee, who formerly had a regiment of Dragoons.
40) Calendar of State Papers Domestic series Volume I 1702-1703 by Pentland-Mahaffy. Under 20 May 1702, page 399
41) A brief historical relation of State affairs from september 1678 to April 1714, by Narcissus Luttrel vol V page 274. States under 24 February 1703 that Lord Windsor's regiment in Ireland 'is also to go to Ireland'.
42) A brief historical relation of State affairs from september 1678 to April 1714, by Narcissus Luttrel vol V page 274. States on 7 March 1703 that Goodwin gave up his place of lieutenant-Colonel in Lord Windsor's regiment.
43) The Royal Military Panorama or officer's companion, London 1814,page 371 for this date of 30 May 1697.
43b) Mercure Historique et Politique for 1703 vol. II page 673 for Rabbey's dragoon regiment being sent to Spain.
44) The Royal Military Panorama or officer's companion, London 1814, page 371 for these dates.
45) Idem. Also in the House of Commons Journal Volume 11; 26 Nov. 1694 Colonel Fairfax's dragoon regiment is designated as īlate Levesonīs dragoonsī.
46) Idem. Also in the House of Commons Journal Volume 11; 3 Dec. 1695 Colonel Lloydīs dragoon regiment is designated as īlate Fairfax'sī.
47) The Royal Military Panorama or officer's companion, London 1814, page 372 for this date of 17 July 1685.
48) Idem. Also in the House of Commons Journal Volume 11; 5 Dec. 1693 the dragoon regiment of the Earl of Essex is designated as īlate late Lord Fitzharding'sī.
49) The Royal Military Panorama or officer's companion, London 1814, page 371 for these dates.
50) A brief historical relation of State affairs from september 1678 to April 1714, by Narcissus Luttrel vol V page 141.
51) In the House of Commons Journal Volume 11; 3 Dec.. 1695 Colonel Rossīs regiment is designated as īlate Wynnīs.
52) In the House of Commons Journal Volume 11; 26 Nov. 1694 Colonel Wynn is mentioned as commander of a dragoon regiment.
53) In the House of Commons Journal Volume 10; 9 Nov. 1691 Colonel Wynn is mentioned as commander of a dragoon regiment.
54) The Royal Military Panorama or officer's companion, London 1814, page 372 for this date.
55) Idem. Also In the House of Commons Journal Volume 10; 9 Nov. 1691 this dragoon regiment is mentioned as the 'late Cunningham's'
56) In the House of Commons Journal Volume 12; 11 Jan. 1699 there is a Colonel Echlin dragoon regiment
57) The Royal Military Panorama or officer's companion, London 1814, page 372 for these dates.
58) Idem for these dates. Also this is probably Colonel Cunningham's regiment mentioned in the 16 December 1698 list.