New Spanish Infantry Regiments in Spain

1 Description of the New Spanish Infantry regiments

This page is about the New Spanish Infantry regiments, that is those that were created in mainland Spain from 1701 till 1715. After raising a few new regiments in 1701 and 1702 the expansion of the Spanish Army became more significant. In 1703 and later 12 new tercios were raised in Castile. From 1704 - 1705 8 tercios were raised in Galicia for the war against Portugal. Several other Spanish areas raised tercios, and later regiments.

Like on the page for the Spanish infantry regiments in 1700 I tried to make a cross-reference between CLONARD and SAMANIEGO the two most important writers about this subject. The tables generaly refer to CLONARD in the first columns and to SAMANIEGO in the right columns, with SAMANIEGO stressing the 1707 situation.

2 Tercios raised in 1701 / 1702

New Tercios raised in 1701 / 1702
'Nationality' First name new in: First ColonelSAMANIEGO name
Catalan Trincheria 1701 Don Blas de TrincheriaCATALUNA
1701 LUCENA
Castile De Medina 1701 Don Juan de MedinaMALAGA
Catalan Manuel Llovet 1702 Manuel LlovetBARCELONA

2.1 Trincheria / CATALUNA

In 1701 Maestre de Campo don Blas de Trincheria, who had fought at the head of the Miguelets in the last war, proposed to raise a Catalan regiment of former Miguelets. That Blas de Trincheria was given orders to raise a tercio is also found in (SDRPV p.339). On 30 May 1701 the unit was complete. While boarding the transports to Italy, the regiment mutinied over not receiving their promised pay. The tercio next went to Menorca. In 1721 the regiment was disbanded. It was later reconstituted. First known as regiment Trincheria, it was known as Catalonia in 1707.

The Trincheria tercio went to Mellila in 1702. In 1703 the Trincheria fought in a sally against the Moors. It next continued in Mellila till it went to Ceuta in 1706. In 1708 it went to Andalucia. In 1709 the regiment went to Catalonia. In 1710 it was in the Battle of Zaragossa. The name Catalonia was confirmed in 1718.

2.2 LUCENA

On 28 February 1707 the Lucena regiment of Don Antonio Salcedo was mentioned. According to CLONARD it ranked as of 11 August 1701.

2.3 De Medina / MALAGA

On 3 August 1701 Maestre de Campo Don Juan de Medina created the Malaga tercio out of the provincial militia of Malaga and a company from the Tercio Nuevo Provincial de Murcia (CLONARD vol. 10 p 486). On 15 December 1704 the the tercio was reduced to a regiment. Don Juan de Medina changed his title to colonel. Don Andres Caballero was appointed lt-colonel, and Manuel Fernandez de la Casa sergeant-mayor. In 1707 the order of 28 February 1707 did not confirm the name Malaga, but that year De Medina was mentioned as still being its colonel. In 1710 the Malaga regiment got a second battalion, which was reduced again in 1715. In June 1715 the Antequera regiment, raised in 1710, was merged into the Malaga. In 1718 Don Juan Perez y Dosante was colonel in 1718. In 1721 the Malaga was disbanded.

2.4 Barcelona / BARCELONA

CLONARD has that on 1 March 1702 a tercio of volunteer Miguelets was raised in Barcelona by Maestre de Campo Manuel Llovet. From another source we have that in 1702 Manuel Lovet was given orders to raise a tercio(SDRPV p.339). It was disbanded in 1704 and reconstituted in 1718 by Ramon Juniet y Vargas. In 1732 it was again disbanded.

In May 1702 400 men of the tercio went to Ceuta, the rest of the tercio followed in June. In 1703 the tercio made a successfull sally against the besiegers. In 1704 Manuel Llovet was made Sergeant General of Battle, and his tercio was disbanded. It would be reconstituted with 4 battalions in 1719. SAMANIEGO has only this second creation.

3 The 13 New Tercios raised in Castile 1703 - 1705

1703: 13 New Tercios in Castile
First ColonelCLONARD nameColonel in 1707SAMANIEGO name
Don Pedro RonquilloMadridJ.A. de ArandaMADRID
T. de IdiaquezGuipuzcoaCarlos de Arizaga(GUIPUZCOA in 1707) / CANTABRIA
Vizconde del PuertoAsturiasVizconde del PuertoASTURIAS
?Valencia?VALENCIA
Diego de Estrada y NavaVitoriaM. de EstradaVICTORIA (I)
J. de Chavez OsorioSalamancaJ. de Chavez OsorioSALAMANCA
P. de Guevara VasconcelosCeutaPedro de VasconselosCEUTA FIXO
Marqués de CasapabonJerez de la FronteraMarqués de Casa PabonXEREZ
A. de Figueroa y SilvaOsunaA. de Figueroa y SilvaOSSUNA / MADRID
M.F. de OssorioTrianaM.F. de OssorioTRIANA
AntequeraMarquis de Valde SevillaANTEQUERA
L. QuiñonesCoriaJuan Pacheco PortocarreroCORIA
CadizG. de la Puente HerreraCADIZ

This list of 13 tercios / regiments raised from 19 February 1703 till 27 November 1703 comes from CLONARD (vol. 5 p. 122), who writes about 12! regiments.

3.1 Madrid / MADRID

CLONARD has that on 29 September 1702 an order was given by which the Mardid tercio was formed in Madrid on 1 May 1703. It counted 600 men and its first Maestre de Campo was Don Pedro Ronquillo. In 1704 it became a regiment. Ronquillo was succeeded by Antonio de Ureta y Ayanz on 24 May 1704. In 1707 Juan Antonio de Aranda became colonel. In 1715 the Madrid would become the second battalion of the Guadalajara.

3.2 Guipuzcoa / (GUIPUZCOA in 1707) CANTABRIA

CLONARD has that on 29 December 1702 the king asked Guipuzcoa province to raise a tercio. On 19 February 1703 the province agreed to for a tercio of 600 men in 12 companies. SAMANIEGO also has that this regiment was raised from the nationals of Guipuizcoa province, and was put on the national payroll on 6 May 1703. Its first colonel was Don Thomas de Idiaquez up till then cavalry captain in the Spanish Netherland army. Don Francisco de Emparan became Sergeant Mayor. In 1715 the new regiment of Guipuzcoa (est. 1713), that of Vizcaya (est. 1713) and that of Alava (est. 1713) were merged into the regiment.

In 1707 the regiment was named Guipuzcoa and was commanded by Colonel Don Carlos de Arizaga. In 1715 the regiment took the name Cantabria. The Vitoria regiment became its second battalion. In the Royal decree of 1718 it was named Cantabria, and its colonel as Don Carlos de Areizaga.

3.3 Asturias / ASTURIAS

The tercio of the Vizconde del Puerto, was raised in Asturia in 1703. The patents for the appointments were sent on 6 July 1703. It first Maestre de Campo was the Vizconde del Puerto, who would become Marquès de Santa Cruz de Marcenado. On account of the 28 September 1704 orders the tercio became a regiment in March 1705 (SAMANIEGO). In 1707 it was named Asturias. The Vizconde del Puerto was succeeded by Don Sebastian de Eslada, who was in turn succeeded by Joseph Antonio Marti. In 1715 the Salamanca regiment was merged into the Asturias as its second battalion.

3.4 Valencia / VALENCIA

CLONARD (vol. 9 p 417) has that the first Valencia tercio (the Costa de Granada regiment would later take the name Valencia) was raised in 1654. After the peace of 1697 it was disbanded. On 12 January 1704 it was reconstituted as a regiment under colonel Don Francisco Mora y Perea. In 1721 is was disbanded. SAMANIEGO has that this regiment was raised in 1701. That it was not in the 1707 list, but was present in 1718, when its colonel was Don Francisco de Mora. Furthermore that it became the second battalion of another regiment during a reform.

3.5 Vitoria / VICTORIA

This tercio was levied as Tercio de Alava in the city of Vitoria on 30 October 1703. It had only 500 men, and its first Meastre de Campo was Don Diego de Estrada y Nava. The tercio became a regiment in 1704. In 1707 it was named Victoria. In the reform of 1715 the first battalion was merged into the Lisboa, and the second battalion into the Savoya regiment.

3.6 SALAMANCA

This tercio had been levied in Ciudad Rodrigo on 3 March 1703 with only 500 men. Its first Maestre de Campo was Don Jose de Chavez Osorio, who would become Madrquès de Almodovar. In 1707 it had the name Salamanca. Don Juan Pando y Patiño succeeded as colonel. The Salamanca regiment was incorporated into the Asturias on 31 May 1715 (SAMANIEGO).

3.7 Ceuta / CEUTA FIXO

In accordance with the royal order of 1 August 1703 this unit was made a tercio. It was composed of the Bandera Vieja, the Bandera Nueva, the four Castelian companies and '11 newer companies' present in Ceuta at the time. Its first Meastre de Campo was Pedro de Guevara Vasconcelos, up till then Sergeant-Mayor of Ceuta. In 1715 the unit was turned into a regiment (CLONARD), while Isidoro Vicente Ferrer was colonel. In 1793 the Fixed Oran regiment was merged into the Ceuta.

3.8 Jerez de la Frontera / XEREZ

According to CLONARD (vol 8 p. 262) the Jerez de la Frontera regiment had been raised on 25 August 1704 in the city of Jerez de la Frontera. Its first colonel was the Marqués de Casapabon. SAMANIEGO has this regiment spelled as Xerez. In 1715 it was merged into the regiment then known as Bajeles, later (1718) known as Cordoba.

3.9 Osuna / OSSUNA & MADRID

On 27 November 1703 the Osuna tercio was levied. Ot consisted of 600 men with matchlocks and pikes. Its first Maestre de Campo was Antonio de Figueroa y Silva, later its colonel. On 10 November 1704 the Osuna became a regiment. In 1707 the regiment was named Osuna, and Antonio de Figueroa y Silva was still its colonel. In 1718 it was renamed Madrid (the name being free since 1715) and Don Francisco Galiano y Cordoba was its colonel. In 1721 the Mardid regiment became the second battalion of the Sevilla regiment. SAMANIEGO gives more or less the same description under Osuna and under Madrid.

3.10 TRIANA

The Triana regiment had been raised in Sevilla in 1703 for Colonel Manuel Félix de Ossorio. As a consequence of the 20 Apri l715 order the Triana regiment was merged into the Burgos on 3 May 1715.

3.11 ANTEQUERA

SAMANIEGO has that the Antequera regiment was raised at the start of the war with Portugal, that is in 1703 or 1704. In 1707 the Marquis de Valde Sevilla was its colonel. He was succeeded by Don Francisco del Castillo and Don Joseph de Cordoba

3.12 Coria / CORIA

According to CLONARD (Vol 10 p. 403), The Coria regiment was raised in Estremadura on 9 July 1703 under Maestre de Campo Don Lorenzo Quiñones y Neira. It then had 500 men. The name Coria was confirmed in 1707, while Juan Pacheco Portocarrero was colonel. On 12 June 1715 the Coria regiment was merged into the Murcia.

3.13 Cadiz / CADIZ

SAMANIEGO has that the Cadiz regiment was levied in the 16th century. It was formed from the 12 companies of Pamplona, Fuentarrabia and SanSebastian. In 1707 its Colonel was Don Geronimo de la Puente Herrera. CLONARD has that the Cadiz regiment was raised as tercio de Armada on 12 January 1703 by Don Geronimo de la Puente y Herrera. It consisted of 11 companies totaling 1000 pikemen and matchlock riflemen. The regiment was captured by the Moors when Oran fell in 1708. It was reconstituted in Navara in 1709. Pedro de Oliver y Fullana succeeded de la Puente Herrera as colonel. In July 1709 the second battalion was levied. In 1715 the regiment was disbanded.

4 The 8 New Tercios raised in Galicia 1703 - 1705

1703 - 1705: 8 New Tercios in Galicia
Primitivo namenew GaliciaSAMANIEGO ColonelSAMANIEGO name
SantiagoManuel de QuirosSANTIAGO
Balthasar Ramon de AldaoCompostelaBalthasar Ramon de AldaoCOMPOSTELA
OrenseAranjoORENSE
TuyMarquis of OraniTUY
LugoMarquès de San MiguèlLUGO
Don Alonso CorreaMondonedoAlonso CorreaMONDONEDO
CoruñaCount of MacedaCORUÑA
BetanzosCount of FesinanosVETANZOS

The 8 tercios raised in the kingdom of Galicia in 1704 were raised on the basis of a salt tax. The list can be found in CLONARD (vol. 5 p. 123).

4.1 SANTIAGO

According to SAMANIEGO the Santiago regiment had been raised in July 1705 with 10 companies. In 1707 Don Manuel de Quiros was its colonel. In 1718 this was Don Manuel Rodriguez Carbonel. It was next merged into the Galicia regiment.

4.2 Compostela / COMPOSTELA

The Compostela regiment was one of those raised in the Kingdom of Galicia for the War against Portugal, and maintained with a tax on salt. In 1707 Don Balthasar Ramon de Aldao was its colonel (CLONARD vol 8 p. 345). It seemed to have been disbanded in 1715 together with others of that kingdom, or to have become a second battalion (cf. SAMANIEGO). In 1715 it was merged into the Zamorra regiment (CLONARD)

4.3 ORENSE

According to SAMANIEGO one of the 8 regiments of 500 men each levied by the Kingdom of Galicia. In 1707 its colonel was Don Pedro Aranjo. In 1715 it was brought into the regiment that Don Juan de Leon had brought from Flanders and that took the name Galicia.

4.4 TUY

According to SAMANIEGO this was another regiment raised on the Salt tax. In 1707 the Marquès de Orani was its colonel.

4.5 LUGO

This was again one of the 8 tercios levied by Galicia to join the wart against Portugal. In 1707 the Marquès de San Miguel was colonel. In 1715 it was merged into the Galicia regiment.

4.6 Mondonedo / MONDONEDO

The province of Mondoñedo raised this regiment on 22 July 1705 According to CLONARD (vol 8 p. 345). Its first colonel was Don Alonso Correa. He was still colonel in 1707. In 1715 it was merged into the Zamorra regiment (CLONARD). According to SAMANIEGO it was disbanded in May 1715, and its colonel Don Pedro de Casto y Neyra became colonel of the Galicia.

4.7 Coruña / CORUÑA

The Coruña regiment was one of the 8 tercios of 500 men each levied by Galicia. In 1707 its colonel was Señor Conde de Maceda. In 1715 it was somehow reformed, but I cannot determine what SAMANIEGO meant. Under GALICIA he states that the Coruña was merged into the Galicia regiment in 1715.

4.8 Betanzos / VETANZOS

This was again one of the 8 tercios of 500 men raised in Galicia on the salt tax. In 1707 its colonel was the Count of Fesinanos.

5 Other regiments raised in Spain

A whole bunch of other regiments was raised in Spain between 1703 and 1715. I give these in no particular order. There probably is some order in them (e.g. the three tercios raised in Navarre in 1703), but I still have to discover it.

TRUGILIO

The Trugilio regiment had been raised in Estremadura in 1703? In 1707 the Marquès de Ordono was its colonel.

Alcantara / ALCANTARA

The Alcantara had been levied shortly after the start of the succession war in the peninsula. Its first colonel was Don Baltasar Antonio del Prado. He was succeeded by Don Joseph Hucia y Mexia (SAMANIEGO). The regiment fought in Portugal. In 1707 it was mentioned as Alcantara with De Prado as colonel. In 1715 it became the second battalion of the España (cf. CLONARD v10 p 36).

Almansa / ALMANSA

The Almansa regiment had been created on 21 April 1707, the day of the Battle of Almansa. Its first colonel was Don Juan Gonzalez (cf. CLONARD v 10). It was not in the 1707 decree, probably due to being outside of Spain (cf. SAMANIEGO). In 1718 it was in Spain under Gonzalez. In 1721 it was mereged into the Espana regiment.

Zamorra Nueve / ZAMORA

According to CLONARD (vol 8 p. 344) the Regimiento nuevo de Zamora was raised in Salamanca on 6 February 1704 by Maestre de Campo Don Pedro Andres Eraso y Borunda. In 1707 Manuel Maldonado was colonel. This regiment was merged into a regiment that returned from Flanders in 1710, but gave it its name 'Zamora'.

Utrera / UTRERA

On 21 April 1704 a regiment was created in Andalucia for the Marqués de Dos Hermanos. In 1715 it was merged into the Soria regiment (CLONARD vol 8 p. 459), which is described under the Spanish Netherlands infantry. SAMANIEGO has the same Utrera (ranged under the 'V' on p. 441), with Don Martin Bonco as colonel in 1707.

Africa / AFRICA

The Africa regiment was raised in 1706 by coronel Don José del Espinar (CLONARD vol. 7 p. 356). It was named Africa in 1707. It was merged into the second battalion of the Sicilia regiment in 1715. The Sicilia is in SAMANIEGO under 'AFRICA'.

Ecija

The Ecija tercio was raised in Andalucia in 1704 by Don Juan Herrera Davila (CLONARD vol. 7 p. 357). It got the name Ecija in 1707. Davila was succeeded by Juan Alavés. The regiment was merged into the Africa regiment in 1715.

Medina-Sidonia / MEDINA-SIDONIA

This unit was raised on 24 April 1704 for youthful volunteers(CLONARD vol. 7 p. 427). It had three colonels: Don Juan Bautista Barricoa; Don Juan de Figueroa y Cordoba (killed at Almenera), and Don Dionisio Martinez de la Vega. In 1715 its second battalion was merged into the Lombardy regiment.

VREDA

According to SAMANIEGO this regiment was raised in Cadiz in 1704 under Colonel Don Phelipe de Alcazar appointed on 25 August 1704. De Alcazar was still colonel in 1707. In 1710 Alcazar was still colonel when the entire regiment was taken prisoner. It was later disbanded, perhaps merged into the Toledo regiment.

MONTILLA

The Montilla regiment was raised in 1704 or 1705. It was commanded by Don Bernardo Usel y Guimbarda in 1707. It was reformed / disbanded before 1718.

BAENA

According to SAMANIEGO one of those levied in Andalucia in 1704 and 1705. In 1707 it was mentioned under Colonel Don Pedro Morales.

PALENCIA

Note that in Spain there is a city called Palencia north of Madrid. SAMANIEGO has that a Palencia regiment seemed to have been raised in 1704. On 28 February 1707 it was under colonel Thomas Salgado. It was later merged as second battalion of the Marina, but named Palencia in 1718 under Colonel Don Dionysio Martinez de la Vega. It was later merged into another regiment.

Navarre / NAVARRA

The Navarre regiment was raised on 21 July 1705 (CLONARD vol. 11 p 237). (What I can make out of it:) From 21 July 1705 the Cortes of Navarre held a session in the town of Sanguësa and noticed / decided that they would maintain three regiments under 3 colonels: Count of Ripalda, Don Francisco Ignacio de Mencos and Miguel Senosiain. On 6 August 1705 Don Francisco Ignacio de Mencos was appointed as colonel of the Navarre regiment. In 1705 the Navarra marched to Aragon to put down the Catalan insurrection. In the town of Fraga it was surprised and almost destroyed, but was allowed to retire to Barbastro. In 1707 the regiment was named Navarre. Later in 1707 Colonel Mencos was killed in a duel, and suceeded by Don Francisco Garcia Salcedo. In 1715 the Pamplona regiment was merged into the Navarre as second battalion. In 1718 Don Manuel de Navarre was mentioned as colonel.

Pamplona / PAMPLONA

The Pamplona regiment was raised on 21 July 1705 on account of the same 1705 session of the Cortes of Navarre that raised the Navarre regiment (CLONARD vol. 11 p 238). On 6 August 1705 the Count of Ripalda was appointed as colonel of this 600 men regiment. In 1705 it fought in the Aragon campaign, where it got surrounded in Barbastro, but left by capitulation. In 1706 it fought at Salsarlela. After many actions (CLONARD vol 11 p 238-240) it was merged into the Navarre regiment as a second battalion in 1715.

NIEBLA

SAMANIEGO has a Niebla regiment existing in 1707 under colonel Don Antonio Navarro, and it probably having been disbanded in 1715.

CARMONA

On 23 September 1706 the regiment Carmona was created. On 29 May 1715 it was merged into the Badjoz regiment (CLONARD vol 9 p. 234). SAMANIEGO has that Don Diego Prudencio Andrès was its colonel.

SAN LUCAR

This regiment was raised in 1704. In 1707 it had the name San Lucar, and the Marquis de Dos Hermanos was colonel. In 1715 the San Lucar regiment was disbanded (SAMANIEGO).

Second Granada / SANTA FEE

In 1705 the Granada regiment was split in two battalions (cf. above) while it was in Gibraltar. According to CLONARD (vol. 9 p. 372) this second battalion got the name 'Segundo Cuerpo de Granada'. It even got its own colonel Don Juan Jacinto Vazquez de Vargas. In 1707 Don Vazquez Vargas was appointed as colonel of a second Granada regiment. In 1707, the regiment was named Santa Fé (CLONARD vol. 9 p 374) In 1709 the Santa Fé got a second battalion. In 1710 Felipe Francisco Chacon Hidalgo was colonel. In 1715 it was merged into the Granada regiment. According to SAMANIEGO the Sanata Fé was a second tercio.

VELEZ

SAMANIEGO has a Velez regiment under Colonel Don Francisco del Castillo in 1707.

Velez-Malaga

The Velez-Malaga tercio was raised in Malaga in 1704 by Don Bartolomé de Ortega, and was approved on 10 December 1704. In 1715 the Velez-Malaga regiment was merged into the Costa regiment, later known as Vittoria and Valencia.

RONDA

SAMANIEGO has that on 28 February 1707 there was a Ronda regiment under Don Joseph Maltès.

ARCOS

SAMANIEGO has that in the 1707 decree there was an Arcos regiment under Colonel Mathias Flores.

ESTEPA

According to SAMANIEGO this was one of the regiments raised in Andalucia in 1704 and 1705. It was mentioned in the 1707 decree it was mentioned as ESTEPA under the Marquis de Alcantara. It was reformed before 1718.

MOLINA

In 1707 there was a Molina regiment under Don Juan de Belloto.

MARINA

In 1707 there was a Marina regiment under Colonel Don Antonio Lauzos y Taboada brother of the Count of Maceda (or himself Count of Maceda). The regiment was later merged into the Palencia.

Mallorca

The Mallorca regiment was formed in Mallorca on 29 November 1706 with Juan Bautista Berlot as Colonel. Berlot's regiment was disbanded in 1708. This regiment is not to be confused with the regiment previously known as Tercio Nuevo de la Armada del mar océano (in 1682) and de la Armada in 1707, and finally Mallorca in 1718 (CLONARD vol. 10 p 82)

ULTONIA / HIBERNIA

The Ultonia regiment (Hibernia in CLONARD) was an Irish regiment raised on 3 December 1709. It was first named Macaulif. In 1718 it was named Ultonia, and Tadeo Macaulif was its colonel. According to SAMANIEGO the Hibernia and Ultonia were separate regiments.

SADA / ARAGON

According to SAMANIEGO one of three raised in Aragon in 1711. It was first named Sada.

Sources

For SAMANIEGO and CLONARD cf the Sources on the page of the Spanish Army. CHEVIGNI refers to La Science des personnes de Cour, d'Epée et de Robe part 6 by De Chevigni continued by De Limiers.