The Spanish Infantry Regiments in Spain

1 Description of the Spanish Infantry regiments

This page is about the Spanish Infantry regiments that started the Succession War in Spain itself. The starting point for the Spanish Infantry regiments of the War of the Spanish Succession is a list of the Spanish Infantry regiments at the death of Charles II published by CLONARD (vol 5 p. 33). That list provided the first 4 columns of the below table. I then combined it with what I could find in SAMANIEGO for the 1707 situation.

'Nationality'Old name1700 nameCLONARD 1700 ColonelSAMANIEGO 1707 ColonelSAMANIEGO name
Old SpanishSevillaMorados ViejosJ.A.D. PimientaDe CharnyCASTILLA
Old SpanishMadridColorados ViejosF.A. Ibanez de IberoJ. de ElguezebalSEVILLA
Old SpanishValladolidVerdes ViejosF. de Luna y CarcamoDon Diego de Avila(CORDOBA in 1707) / ESPAÑA
Old SpanishBurgosAmarillos ViejosF. DavilaMarqués de TorresucoGUADALAXARA
Old SpanishToledoAzules ViejosD. de AlarconM. de MontesTOLEDO
New SpanishSevillaGascoM. Gasco
New SpanishSegoviaBlancosP. de Castro y NeyraDon Pedro de Castro y NeyraTORO
Diego Antonio ManriqueSEGOVIA
New SpanishMurciaAzulos NuevosL.F. DazaMarquès de QuintanaMURCIA
New SpanishBurgosLa CerdaA. Mesia de la CerdaDon Antonio del CastilloBURGOS
New SpanishValladolidVerdes NuevosJ.F. de AguirreManuel NarvaezVALLADOLID
New SpanishGibraltarColorados NuevosA. Antolinez
New SpanishJaenEspinosaJ. EspinosaDon Jospeh de RierJAEN
New SpanishLeonAmarillos NuevosJ.V. de CosioDon Francisco Laso PalominoLEON
Granada AuxiliariesCasco de GranadaCasco de GranadaG. ZegrGRANADA
Granada AuxiliariesCostaCostaV. Primo y DazaF. de ConstanzoGranada / (COSTA in 1707) / VICTORIA/ Valencia
Estremadura Aux.Estremadura ViejoEstremadura ViejoM. de RoblesPedro RubioBADAJOZ
Estremadura Aux.Estremadura NuevoEstremadura NuevoJ.F. PedrocheJ.F. PedrocheESTREMADURA
Armada Aux.Armada ViejoArmada ViejoA. BarrientoG. de Solis i Gante(BAJELES in 1707) CORDOBA
Armada Aux.ArmadaArmadaJ. de Villalonga Conde de la Cueva
Armada Aux.ArmadaArmadaP. de Castro
Armada Aux.Armada NuevoArmada NuevoC. de San Gil y la JusticiaM. de Santa Cruz(ARMADA) / MALLORCA
ItalianosArmada ViejoArmada Viejo d.i.N.J.B. ViscontiBlas DragonettiNAPOLES
Italianos-RiveraConde de la Ribera
Italianos-GarofaloP. Garofalo
Italianos-AragonL. Cayetano de Aragon
Italianos-SpinolaF. Spinola
Irlandeses-O-LullaE. O-LullaO'Lulla?Not yet found
Walones-ChampsMarq. de Champs
Walones-MauldeVizconde de Maulde
Alemanes-TatembachConde de Tatembach

2 A Guard unit

2.1 BALLESTEROS DE BACZA

This company of 200 men was a kind of guard unit, officially named Ballesteros del Apostol Santiago.

3 The old (Viejos) Spanish Infantry regiments in Spain in 1700

The Viejos tercios were called viejos, because they were old (Viejo) and raised during the minority of Charles II. It was a handy limit to distinguish them from the new (Nuevos) regiments.

3.1 Morados Viejos / CASTILLA

The first name of this unit was Guarda del Rey, the King's Guard in 1634. While Don Gaspar de Haro y Guzman Marqués del Carpio was Maestre de Campo the royal order of 20 August 1663 called for the establishment of 4 fixed tercios of 1,000 men in Madrid, Toledo, Sevilla and Cordoba, that would be recruited from these provinces. The tercio was finally named: 'Provincial de Sevilla' in 1664. In 1704 the tercio became the regiment de Castilla. CLONARD (vol 9 p. 23) explains that while these were the official names, the tercio was known to the public as Morados, that is, the 'Purple tercio'. The link to this color is that 'purple' is a royal color, and the tercio used to be the royal guard. SAMANIEGO says little about this regiment, except that it had its antiquity and was under De Charny in 1707 and Francisco Manuel Pueyo in 1718.

In 1697 the tercio was in the siege of Barcelona. In late 1703 Don Isidro de Padilla y Rojas was the last Meastre de Campo and first colonel of the regiment. In 1704 and 1705 the regiment fought in Portugal. In late 1706 the regiment wintered in Murcia. In 1707 the regiment fought at Almansa and the count of Charny was colonel. In 1709 a second battalion was formed.

3.2 Colorados Viejos / SEVILLA

On 21 February 1658 6 companies formed a tercio named 'De la Armada' in Estermadura (CLONARD vol. 9 p. 377). In 1664 the tercio was renamed Tercio provincial de Madrid. In September 1667 the tercio was commanded by Don Anielo de Guzman and had 732 men in 21(!) companies. Soon after it was ordered to reorganize in 8 companies. However, when the tercio moved to Catalonia in 1684 it still counted 21 companies. Its popular name Colorados Viejos, after the color of their Justacorps, became official in 1694. On 28 February 1707 the tercio became the Sevilla regiment. In 1721 the Madrid regiment (named Osuna till 1718) was merged in as a second battalion.

In 1691 the tercio became PoW in the Siege of Urgel. In 1694 it fought on the river Ter. In 1695 it was in the Catalonia campaign. In 1697 it defende Barcelona. In 1702 its Maestre de Campo Don Francisco Antonio Ibanez de Ibero led the vanguard of the attack on Rota. In 1704 it was in 't Serclaes army in Portugal. In the 1707 Battle of Almansa it was commanded by Don Juan de Elguezebal.

3.3 Verdes Viejos F. de Luna y Carcamo / (CORDOBA in 1707) ESPAÑA

CLONARD (Vol. 10) has a large chapter about this regiment, but starts the description of its history only in 1666, when it was known as Tercio de Portugal. In 1667 the regiment went to garrisson Alburquerque, where it was reviewed on 3 September. It then had Maestre de Campo the Count of Torres Vedras; 103 officers; 70 reformed officers and 368 soldiers. On 30 July 1668 it was renamed for the city and province of Valladolid, which would have to maintain the tercio. Pedro de Villacis became Maestre de Campo.

In 1672 the Valladolid tercio marched to Catalonia. In 1674 it was in the victorious Battle of Maureillas. In 1675 it was in a campaign against Marshal Schomberg. In 1677 the Valladolid tercio was in the Rousillon campaign. In 1680 the tercio's Maestre de Campo Pedro de Villacis died. On 6 January 1680 Juan Bautista Moreno was appointed as Maestre de Campo. On 25 April 1682 Don Carlos de Eguia was appointed.

In 1684 the Valladolid tercio marched to garrisson Pamplona under its Maestro Eguia. In 1690 the Valladolid again marched to Catalonia, and entered Barcelona on 24 July with 805 soldiers. On 29 July it was shipped to Rosas by gallies. In 1691 Eguia was made Castellan of Pamplona. He was succeeded on 28 March 1691 by Juan Vasquez de Acuña. In the April 1691 review the tercio had 814 men, which included three companies from Madrid and 281 recruits. In 1692 the tercio was in the campaign under the Baron de Preux that invaded Cerdaña. In 1693 the tercio was defending in the Siege of Rosas.

In 1694 the regiment was already known as Viejo de los Verdes, when it fought in the 27 May Battle on the River Ter. In this battle the tercio was attacked from the front and side and suffered a lot, with part of it taken prisoner. What was left retreated to the marginally fortified town of Palamós, that surrendered on the 30th. As a result most of the tercio was taken prisoner. The remark that the tercio lost its archives in this battle fits the picture. On 20 October Don Estéban de Olalla succeeded as Meastre de Campo.

In 1696 the tercio was exchanged and in Barcelona it was recruited and clothed anew. In 1697 the tercio was on the defending side in the Siege of Barcelona that started in June. On 5 July the Verdes had two encounters against French Grenadiers in the covered road of the fortifications near the Puerta Nueva. In one of these the Sergeant-Mayor Diego Davila was wounded. On 10 August the tercio marched out of Barcelona with honors and went to garrison Martorell. The Government was satisfied with the tercio's conduct.

In the review of 23 August 1697 there were 483 officers and men divided in 15 companies. Five of these companies were sent to garrison Melilla. In 1698 Don Esteban Olalla became governor of Rosas. On 20 June he was succeeded by Francisco de Luna y Cárcamo. In 1700 the tercio was still in Catalonia. The 5 companies in Melilla were sent to Cadiz in order to participate in the expedition to Darien, but were countermanded and stayed in Cadiz. On 24 November? 1701 Don Francisco de Luna y Carcamo was appointed governor of Pamplona. He was succeeded by his Sergeant Mayor Don Diego Davila (CHEVIGNI p.354). El Tercio de los Verdes a Don Diego de Avila (CS 1701). Under its new colonel the tercio marched to join the rest of its companies in Cadiz.

In 1702 the tercio moved to Puerto de Santa María near Cadiz and came under the orders of Captain General Marqués de Villadarias. An Anglo-Dutch force disembarked with plans to capture Cadiz. The tercio was then in the force that fought against it. Finally the tercio went to garrison Cadiz, sending 7 companies to Galicia.

In early 1704 the tercio marched to Madrid, where it was reviewed by the queen and the commissary general of infantry on 22 April. The regiment next went to Estremadura to join the war against Portugal. In this war it was part of the force led by the Marquis de Thoy. It left Monsanto on 19 May 1704 in order to besiege Castel Branco. On 23 May it attacked Castel-Branco which surrendered after only 4 days. On 28 May it was in the victory of Sárceda, where two Dutch battalions were made prisoner. Later it was in the shameful panic near Salvatierra cf The Spanish campaign of 1704. The tercio ended the campaign in garrison in Alburquerque, where it was transformed into a regiment. The 5 companies at Cadiz went to the siege of Gibraltar, and later on marched to Badajoz.

In 1705 the seven companies in Alburquerque defended the place till 22 May 1705, when they left by capitulation. They marched to join the ohters at Badajoz. Later that year it was defending Badajoz and was in the army that marched to the gates of Lisbon. In 1706 the first battalion defended Alcantara, and was taken prisoner. The second battalion marched to Castilla la Vieja and defended the frontier for a while. In 1707 the regiment took the name Cordoba. In the Battle of Almanza it formed a brigade under its colonel Davila together with the Bajetes, Zamora and Armada regiments. In 1718 the regiment took the name España.

That the regiment was called Cordoba regiment of Colonel Don Diego de Avila in a 1707 ordonnance and was previously named Los Verdes. In 1718 the marquis de Torre Mayor became its colonel and the regiment was renamed España both are also in SAMANIEGO.

On 20 April 1729 the Alcantara regiment was merged into the España regiment as a second battalion. On 15 December 1721 the Almansa regiment was merged into the Espana.

3.4 Amarillos Viejos / Guadalajara / GUADALAXARA

On 22 January 1657 Don Geronimo de Benavente y Quiñones was appointed as Maestre de Campo of what would become the Amarillos Viejos. Before that its official name was Provincial de Burgos. In 1701 Maestre de Campo Fernando Dávila was replaced by the Marqués de Almenera on 5 July 1701. On 23 April 1703 Antonio Pacheco y Villegas became Maestre. In 1704 Don Isidro de Quiñones got orders to raise a second battalion for the Amarillos regiment. In 1707 the regiment was renamed Guadalajara. In 1715 the second battalion of the Madrid regiment was merged in. In 1718 the Marques de Torresuco was colonel, and later on this was the count de Peralada.

In 1694 the tercio went to Catalonia, and fought in the disastrous battle of the river Ter. It next defended Palamos, were it was taken prisoner. In 1697 the tercio had been exchanged, and went to defend Barcelona. In 1704 the regiment fought in Portugal. In 1705 it went to besiege Gibraltar. In 1706 it was taken prisoner at Alcantara, but already exchanged in October of the same year. In 1707 the regiment fought at Almansa.

3.5 Azules Viejos D. de Alarcon / TOLEDO

This tercio was first raised on 1 May 1661 from the inhabitants of Toledo. Its first Maestre de Campo was Don Diego Fernando de Vera. It was reviewed on 21 January 1664 under its second Maestre de Campo the Count de Frigiliana. It then got named Provincial de Toledo. On 3 September 1667 it had 143 officers, 65 reformed officers and the like, and 493 soldiers.

In 1690 the tercio had 502 men at the end of the campaign. During the winter the tercio was reorganized by its Maestre de Campo Don Manrique de Noroña, and on 7 April 1691 it had 840 men. In 1693 Noroña was succeeded by Maestre de Campo the Count of Peñarubia. In 1697 the tercio was in the defense of Barcelona, where its Maestre de Campo Don Diego Alarcon was wounded.

In 1702 the tercio of Diego de Alarcon was ordered to leave Galicia, probably for Naples (SDRPV p.339). In May 1702 it arrived there and Alarcon was succeeded by Melchor de Montes Vigil, who had been Sargento Mayor of this tercio. The Tercio had returned from Italy and moved to Barcelona in 1703. In 1705 Barcelona was captured, and the Azules sailed from there and went to Almeria. In 1706 the officers of the Toledo; its colonel Don Melchor de Montes, its sergeant Major and up to 40 other officers were sent to Valencia to train the local militia. In the 1706 Valencia campaign these were taken prisoner.

In 1707 the regiment was renamed Toledo, and on 12 June the Count of Oñate. On 13 September he was replaced by the Count of Salvatierra. He commanded the regiment in the Battle of Almansa. In 1709 the regiment got a second battalion. On 17 December 1717 the Marquis de Villasegura became colonel of the regiment. In 1719 this was Don Gonzalo de Rojas.

4 The New (Nueve) Spanish Infantry regiments in Spain in 1700

The 8 new infantry tercios in Spain had been raised during Charles II's majority. They were all named: 'Tercio Provincial Nuevo de province abc' expressing that manning and maintaining them was a provincial repsonsibility.

4.1 Gasco M. Gasco

In 1702 the tercio of Miguel Gasco was ordered to leave Galicia, probably for Naples (SDRPV p.339). In May 1702 it arrived there, and Gasco having become a Generale de Batalla he was succeeded by Don Manuel de Silva y Mendoza conde de Galve (SDRPV p.455). I've not tracked this one back in CLONARD or SAMANIEGO.

4.2 Blancos / SEGOVIA / TORO

On 24 January 1694 the Tercio Provincial Nuevo de Segovia was raised. It was commonly known as Tercio de los Blancos, which would become its official name in 1695. In the first of its existence it fought to defend Ceuta. In 1697 it went to Catalonia. On 7 December 1699 it marched for Granada. In 1701 it went to the environs of Cadiz.

On 1 March 1702 the Segovia tercio set sail to Italy. After arriving in Naples it went to garrison Pescara. Here the men of the second squadron (!) completed the first, and the officers of the second, headed by sergeant-mayor Castro y Neyra boarded the war frigates Santa Rosa and Hermione. After their arrival they were sent to Castilla la Vieja to recruit the second squadron while in the town of Toro. All this is strange, because CLONARD talks about squadrons. In 1704 the unit was in the siege of Castel Branco. In 1705 the Castro regiment went to garrison Alcantara. This year the tercio became a regiment and Castro became colonel, while Don Alonso Farinas became Sergeant-Mayor.

Meanwhile the second squadron had stayed in Pescara. When Pescara was besieged the squadron was taken prisoner and subsequently disbanded. In 1706 the second battalion was formed. Later on the regiment was split in two: the Toro regiment was commanded by Don Pedro de Castro y Neyra, while the Segovia was commanded by Diego Antonio Manrique. In September 1707 both regiments were in the Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo.

On 15 April 1708 the Marquès de Torre-Mayor became colonel of the Segovia. In 1715 the Segovia was disbanded, and in 1716 the Toro became the second battalion of the ex-Flanders regiment that took the name Toro. In turn this regiment became known as Portugal in 1718. SAMANIEGO has a description of the Toro under PORTUGAL.

4.3 Azulos Nuevos Murcia / MURCIA

The Terio Provincial de Murcia was raised in accordance with the royal orders of 20 January 1694. The first Maestre de Campo of the regiment was Don Luis Daza. It counted 1032 men in 15 companies. In 1707 the Tercio Provincial de Murcia was renamed Regimiento de Murcia. On 10 February 1707 the Marquès de Quintana was colonel. In 1715 the Coria regiment was merged into the Murcia. In 1717 Juan Pacheco Portocarrero was colonel. He still was on 10 February 1718. On 11 February 1734 Don Juan de Palafox was appointed as colonel.

The Murcia tercio fought on the river Ter in 1694 and defended Gerona. In 1695 it defended Palamós. In 1697 the tercio ws in the siege of Barcelona. In 1699 the tercio defended Ceuta. On 8 July 1700 the Maestre de Campo died. He was replaced by his Sergeant Mayor Don Garcia de Huidobro. In 1702 the Murcia was in the fight for Cadiz. In 1704 part of the Murcia was in the surrender of Gibraltar. In 1707 the Murcia regiment was in the battle of Almansa.

4.4 La Cerda / BURGOS

The Burgos tercio was raised in accordance with a royal order of 20 January 1694, raising a tercio with 2 of each 100 neigbours. Cavalry captain Don Joseph Velez de Guevara was appointed Maestre de Campo on 24 January 1694. On 26 April the tercio counted 803 men in 12 companies, the total being 1,000 men. On 28 February 1707 the tercio was renamed from 'Provincial de Burgos' to simply 'de Burgos'. In l715 the Triana regiment was merged into the Burgos.

In 1694 the Tercio Provincial Provincial de Burgos started with the disastrous Battle of the river Ter. Afterwards the tercio retreated to Gerona. After a short siege it left that town. In 1695 the tercio went to Ceuta. It stayed there till 1700. In 1701 the tercio went to Gibraltar. In 1702 the tercio joined the actions that forced the Anglo-Dutch expedition to Cadiz to retreat. After that it went back to Gibraltar. In 1704 the tercio went to the war in Portugal. In November 1704 the Burgos tercio went to the siege of Gibraltar. After the siege failed the tercio went to Cadiz, and in 1706 it was in Badajoz. On 4 June 1706 it entered Burgos. Here CLONARD has that the second battalion became the new regiment de Burgos under Don Juan Alavés, while 'the new tercio provincial'? went from Estremadura to Castile

In 1707 the regiment was in a brigade with Sevila, Osuna and Valladolid under Burgos' colonel brigadier Don Antonnio del Castillo. Later that year it was in the battle of Almansa and the siege of Lerida. On 21 April 1711 Don Isidoro Usel y Guimbarda became colonel and was so still in 1718. On 7 October 1726 Miguèl Augustin Carreño was appointed as colonel.

4.5 Verdes Nuevos / VALLADOLID

On 20 January 1694 Charles II prescribed how the town of Valladolid had to raise a tercio. Each 100 male inhabitants had to send two soldiers between 20 and 50 years old. The tercio was to count 1,000 men in 15 companies. The tercio's first Maestre de Campo was Don Francisco Antonio Diez Pimienta, and its official name was Provincial Nuevo de Valladolid. The more vulgar name Verdes Nuevos became official in 1700. In 1706 Manuel Narvaez became colonel. In 1707 the regiment was renamed Valladolid and its colonel was still Narvaez. At some time the Valladolid was merged into the Navara as second battalion. SAMANIEGO describes this regiment under Navara and under Valladolid.

4.6 Colorados Nuevos A. Antolinez

In 1702 the tercio of Ambrosio Antolinez received orders to move, probably to Naples(SDRPV p.340).

4.7 Espinosa / JAEN

According to SAMANIEGO this regiment was raised in 1694 or 1704. Its first Maestre de Campo was Don Jacinto Espinosa. In 1707 it was received the name Jaen, and its colonel was Don Jospeh de Riera. He was succeeded by Don Tomas Escobar y Aldana. In 1715 it was merged as a second battalion into a regiment from Flanders. That regiment took the name Jaen, but kept its own lineage and antiquity. The regiment later named Mallorca was another Jaen Regiment.

4.8 Amarillos Nuevos / LEON

On 10 February 1694 Sergeant Mayor Don Jose Velez de Cosío was appointed as Sergeant Mayor of a tercio of 1,000 men to be raised in Galicia for service in Flanders. CLONARD (Vol. 10 p. 332) has the original formation with Maestre de Campo Don Jose Velez de Cosío and Sergeant Mayor Juan Fernandez de Aguirre. It was to embark on 4 January 1695 in the Saint August and White Lion of Augustin Boonen and Clemente Miller in order to be shipped to Navarra. The official name was Tercio 'Provincial de Leon'. In 1707 this was reduced to Regimiento 'de Leon'. In 1709 Leon had two battalions. CLONARD has that De Aguirre succeeded to De Cosío. According to SAMANIEGO Don Francisco Laso Palomino was colonel in both 1707 and 1718.

5 Other tercios / regiments in Spain in 1700

5.1 Casco de Granada / GRANADA

The difficulty of the two Granada regiments Casco de (city of) Granada and Costa de (coast of) Granada is that they were raised at bout the same time. Accoding to CLONARD (vol 9 p. 319) the infantry tercio of Casco de Granada was formed from local militias in that kingdom. It ranked as having been created on 22 April 1657. Its first review took place in Benalcazar in March 1656. Its first commander was Sergeant Major Don Joseph del Castillo y Salazar. It was next commanded by the lieutenant of Maestre de Campo General Don Sebastian Graneros Alarcon (i.e. the Sergeant Mayor above?). According to CLONARD this Alarcon was the first Maestre of the tercio. He was succeeded by Don Juan Manuel Pantoja y Figuerea. He was succeeded by the Count of Puerto Llano?, Don Gil de Villalva, and Don Francisco Ossorio de Astorga, who was Meastre de Campo on 2 December 1667, when it marched back to Granada.

In 1695 the Tercio Casco de Granada went to Catalonia. In 1696 it fought in the disastrous battle of Hostalrich. In 1697 Don Gonzalo Zegri became Maestree de Campo. In 1699 the tercio went to Ceuta. On 20 June 1702 Don Pedro Mesia de la Cerda became Maestre de Campo of the tercio and the tercio went to Ceuta again. In 1703 it was highly successful in Ceuta. In 1704 it fought in Portugal, and in 1705 in the siege of Gibraltar. In July 1705 the regiment was split in two battalions, the second getting Don Juan Jacinto Vazquez de Vargas as colonel. This regiment woul be merged back in in 1715.

After La Cerda got promoted on 20 April 1706, the first regiment was commanded by Don Pedro de Arias Ozores. In May 1707 the regiment was taken prisoner when Peterborough took Requena. In 1708 it was exchanged. Ozores was succeeded by the Marquès de Lorca. De Lorca was in turn succeeded by Don Juan Francisco de Huemes y Orcasitas, who was mentioned on 10 February 1718. In 1718 the name Granada was confirmed. Orcasitas was succeeded by Don Francisco de Baños, appointed 11 February 1734.

5.2 Costa de Granada / (COSTA in 1707) / VICTORIA / (Valencia)

SAMANIEGO Ever since its conquest, the kingdom of Granada maintained a number of companies for the security of the coast. They were made into a tercio, and were first reviewed as such in Merida on 22 September 1658. On 27 September 1658 Don Geronimo de Quinones was made Maestre de Campo of the tercio. According to CLONARD (vol 9 p 419 and following) the regiment was named Costa in 1707. In that year its colonel was Don Fernando de Constanzo (SAMANIEGO) On 10 May 1715 the Velez-Malaga regiment was merged into the Costa. In February 1718 the regiment was renamed Vitoria, while its colonel was Don Gregorio Gual y Pueyo (SAMANIEGO). In June 1791 it was renamed to Valencia.

In 1694 the regiment fought In the Battle of the river Ter. Here it lost its Mestre de Campo Don Alonso de Granada. It next defended Palamos. In 1695 it sailed from Malaga to Catalonia. In 1696 it was in the lost battle of Hostalrich. In 1697 the Costa defended Barcelona, where its Maestre de Campo Don Diego de Vera was wounded. On 25 November 1698 Don Vincente Primo was appointed as Maestre de Campo, and he had Don Fernando Constanzo as Sergeant-Major. It next went to the dfense of Ceuta. In 1701 it returned to Granada. In 1702 it again went to Ceuta, and in 1703 it continued to fight there.

In 1704 the Costa de Granada regiment joined the war against Portugal. In 1705 the Costa regiment went to the Siege of Gibraltar. On 29 May 1707 the regiment captured the small Portuguese town of Serpa after a short siege, and on 3 June it captured Moura. In 1708 it went into garrison in Cadiz. While there in 1709 it got into a precedence dispute with the Granada regiment (previously known as Casco de Granada). In July a second battalion of 13 companies was raised commanded by Don Francisco del Castillo y Vintemiglia. In 1710 the regiment went to Ceuta.

5.3 Estremadura Viejo / BADAJOZ

This regiment was created in 1643 out of four much older companies of Placencia. Its first Maestre de Campo was Don Sancho de Monroy. As CLONARD explains (vol 9 p. 233) its antiquity was fixed on 10 March 1694 by mistake. In 1697 the tercio viejo de Estremadura was defending in siege of Barcelona. In 1700 it went ot Ceuta. In 1702 it went to defend Cadiz under its Maestre de Campo Don Marcelo de Robles. In 1704 it was in De Bay's corps that attacked Portugal.

In 1707 the tercio had become the Badajoz regiment under colonel Don Pedro Rubio. In 1718 Don José Lucio Mejia was its colonel. In 1723 this was Juan Ornedal y Maza. In 1723 it disbanded for the first time and became the second battalion of the Galicia regiment.

5.4 Estremadura Nuevo / ESTREMADURA

According to CLONARD (vol. 10) the Estremadura Tercio was reconstituted on 22 January 1694 with Juan Fernandez Pedroche as Maestre de Campo. It was then named Tercio Provincial nuevo de Estremadura. On 28 February 1707 the unit was renamed Estremadura. In 1715 the second battalion was disbanded, and the first sent overseas.

In 1697 the tercio was 'temporarily dismissed', or kind of demobilized. After war broke out the tercio joined the army that fought against Portugal. In 1706 Don José Vazquez was lt-colonel and Marcos Santos Sergeant-Mayor. In February 1707 Pedroche was colonel of the regiment. In July 1709 a second battalion was levied. In the November 1710 battle of Villaviciosa Fernando Pedroche was killed. He was succeeded by Lt-Colonel Don José Vazquez de la Cuadra.

5.5 Armada Viejo / (BAJELES in 1707) CORDOBA

According to CLONARD (vol 8 p 258) this regiment traced its lineage back to 1566. Its first Maestre de Campo was Don Lope de Figueroa. It was named Tercio Viejo de la Armada in 1603. It was named Tercio Provincial de Cordoba in 1664. In 1672 the tercio was again named Tercio Viejo de la Armada real de mar océano. In 1707 it was named regimiento de Bajeles, and in 1718 Regimiento de Cordoba.

SAMANIEGO has part of the succession of colonels that CLONARD has: Don Melchor de la Cueva was Maestre de Campo of an old tercio of infantry of the Armada. He was succeeded by Juan de Barbosa, who was succeeded by the Conde del Montijo, who brought the tercio to Estremadura. The tercio was brought into the pay of the province Estremadura on 5 April 1657. Succeedeing colonels were Freyle, Lisaroso, Sabala, Don Antonio Marin, Don Alexandro Barrientos, Don Antonio Pacheco. Don Antonio Pacheco was succeeded by Don Geronimo de Solis y Gante.

In 1707 there was a regiment called Bajeles commanded by Colonel Don Geronimo de Solis y Gante. He continued to serve, and in 1718 the regiment was named Cordoba. Don Geronimo was succeeded by his brother Phelipe de Solis y Gante. On 7 June 1734 Don Manual Ponce became colonel (cf. SAMANIEGO).

5.6 Armada J. de Villalonga de la Cueva

In 1702 the tercio of Jorge de Villalonga received orders to move, probably to Naples (SDRPV p.340).

5.7 Armada P. de Castro

In 1702 the tercio of Pedro de Castro received orders to move, probably to Naples (SDRPV p.340).

5.8 Armada Nuevo / ARMADA /JAEN / MALLORCA

On 31 October 1682 a royal order reached the Captain General of Granada that the Maestre de Campo Don Pedro Fernandez Navarrete with the New Tercio of the Armada had to move to the coast of Lower Andalucia. In 1688 part of the tercio went to garrison Oran while the rest stayed in Gibraltar. In 1689 the tercio tried to reinforce the garrison of La Rache. It failed to achieve this, according to Maestre de Campo Don Martin de Zavala enemy gun fire prevented it.

In 1694 the tercio was shipped to Ceuta in order to defend that place under its Maestre de Campo the Marquis de Villafuerte. In 1695 Villafuerte was succeeded by the Marquès de Villareal. In 1696 the new tercio of the new tercio of the armada continued in Ceuta. On 17 January 1697 the new tercio of the armada took part in a sally. It was so successful that it reached the first paralel. In the sally of 26 March Captain Don Esteban de Eslava was wounded. In 1699 Villareal was succeeded by Don Carlos de San Gil y la Justicia. On 3 January 1700 the tercio was reviewed, and on 3 March it was relieved in Ceuta by another unit.

The Tercio Nuevo then arrived in Sevilla. Here it sent three companies on board the fleet that was to chase the Scots from Darien. On 2 August the tercio marched to Puerto-Real, and on 26 August it entered Cadiz. In this theater the tercio successfully defended the castles of Matagorda and Trocadero. After the alliance troops retreated, the tercio sent some companies to Peñon de la Gomera.

In April 1703 San Gil y la Justicia was promoted to Sergeant General of Battle. On 19 May 1703 Sergeant Mayor Don Bernardino Delgado y Alarcon was appointed as Maestre de Campo. On 16 March 1704 three companies were added to the tercio, and it then joined the war against Portugal. When the heat put a halt to ooperations 6 companies went to Valencia de Alcantara. Sergeant Mayor Don Diego Amarilla garrissoned Salvatierra with 5 companies. A single company under Captain Don Francisco Arias occupied Marvaon. In May 1705 Alcanatara was besieged by the Dutch general Fagel and taken with the garisson PoW's. The company in Marvaon were also made PoW. Salvatierra was also taken, and it seems the companies there were also made prisoners.

In the 1706 the tercio was exchanged and this was perhaps the time it became a regiment. It returned from Portugal to Estremadura. After the loss of Ciudad-Rodrigo Marshal Berwick sent almost all infantry to garrissons. This regiment however, was sent to Madrid, reaching the outskirts on 19 June. Here the army was reorganized, and the regiment formed a brigade together with the Vitoria, Arcos, Cádiz, Palencia and Armada Viejo under Mr. Badie.

On 3 February 1707 the Marquis de Santa Cruz became colonel. On 28 February 1707 the regiment received the name Armada. In June 1709 a second battalion was added to the Armada regiment. In 1718 Don José de Cordoba succeeded the Marquès de Santa Cruz. In 1718 it also took the name Mallorca. The regiment described above is not to be confused with a regiment of the same namve that was formed in Mallorca on 29 November 1706 with Juan Bautista Berlot as Colonel. Berlot's regiment was disbanded in 1708.

5.9 Visconti / NAPOLES

The tercio later known as regimiento de Napoles traced its origin back to 1 September 1572. It was then named 'Tercio viejo de la Armada del mar océano de infanteria napolitana'. One of its first actions was the Battle of Lepanto in 1571, probably by its four constituent Napolitanean companies. In 1705 the tercio ceased to be a navy tercio, and in 1707 it got the name Napoles.

In 1692 Juan Bautista Visconti was Maestre de Campo of the tercio. In 1697 the tercio went to defend Barcelona. On 23 May 1703 Don Blas Dragonetti succeeded Visconti. In 1705 the tercio ceased to be a tercio and became part of the normal army as a regiment (CLONARD). On 28 February 1707 Blas Dragonetti was still colonel, that yeat it lost the name 'de la Armada' and was renamed 'Napoles'. On 9 July 1709 the Napoles got a second battalion, and on 28 October 1709 Andrés Afflito became colonel, who still held this position in 1718.

5.10 Rivera

5.11 Garofalo

5.12 Aragon; Reco /L. Cayetano de Aragon

This tercio of the Catalonian army was owned by Don Domingo Reco. When he came to Italy in May 1702 he was made a general de Battala, and his regiment given to Don Luis Gaetano, up till then captain in the cavalry(SDRPV p.507).

According to SAMANIEGO (under MILAN): The tercio of Italian infantry under Marino Ceraffa arrived from Sicily in Catalonia on 14 September 1678. Don Fernando Pignatelli then succeeded as Maestre de Campo of the tercio. He was succeede by Don Antonio Magiasqui, Don Domingo Recco and Don Luis Gaetano de Aragon till 1705.

Still according to SAMANIEGO: In April 1705 Don Luis de Gaetano left Barcelona with 6 companies of his tercio. These included the one of the Maestre de Campo. These reached Rosas, and left there in February 1706. These continued to Rosellon, where they met the regiment of the Duke of Castel de Ayrola, and 5? companies of the regiment of Pedro Vicco, one of the Count de la Rivera, and one of Garafalo. Out of these companies a new regiment under the Duke of Castel de Ayrola was formed, with Don Antonio Ruso as Lt-Colonel. He was succeeded by Don Francisco de Evoli.

In 1710 King Felipe confirmed that: The regiment of xxx was given to Don Lofredo Gaetano on 29 October 1705. He was succeeded by Don Francisco Badia on 17 February 1706. The rest of what SAMANIEGO writes on p. 346-348 does not make sense to me, so please help with some translation.

5.13 Spinola

5.14 O'Lulla

The Irishmen that served the kings of Spain since 1600 are less known than the Wild Geese. Several companies are listed by CLONARD (Vol 10 p. 137) with only the company or tercio of O'Lulla existing in 1700, and getting disbanded in 1710. CLONARD then describes the ex-French Irish regiment of Wauchope, and lists its men, but that regiment only came into Spanish service after the Succession War. So, a description of the Wauchope regiment should be on the pages for the French army.

5.15 Champs

5.16 Maulde

This Walloon regiment was sent from Catalonia to Naples in 1702 (SDRPV p.339).

5.17 Tatembach

6 Sources

For CLONARD and SAMANIEGO cf. the sources page on the spanish army page. CHEVIGNI refers to La Science des personnes de Cour, d'Epée et de Robe part 6 by De Chevigni continued by De Limiers.