The Austrian Habsburg Infantry Regiments

The Austrian Habsburg infantry order of battle on 1 January 1703.

Description of the Austrian Habsburg Infantry regiments

This 1703 list of Austrian Habsburg Infantry regiments is primarily based on a regimental description in La Science des personnes de Cour d'Epée et de Robe volume VII, printed in 17521. Taking this as a base further instances mentioning the regiments have been added. In instances that the book refers to someone being the owner of the regiment in a certain year it may probably not refer to an actual year of succession as colonel, but I have taken it as such and hope possible mistakes will filter out in later research.

A list of Austrian regiments on 1 January 1703 does not mean that much without knowing how many battalions each regiment had. In general one can say that the older most regular regiments had 4 battalions while some of the newer had not yet reached that number. This made that for full regiments the 'soll' strength was 2,500 men, or 16 companies of 150 men and 1 grenadier company of 100 men. The real strength of a regiment however often averaged about 1,500 men and rarely exceeded 2,100 men, meaning that an Austrian regiment commonly only equalled two battalions of the sea powers.

Alt Starhemberg / Kriechbaum / Wachtendonck

The Kriechbaum regiment had been founded in 1681 by Graf Rüdiger von Starhemberg2 and was named Alt Starhemberg for a while. In 1701 it became the Kriechbaum regiment. On a 1701 Order of battle it's present with 4 battalions and designated as 'Vieux Starhemberg ou Kriechbaum a present'2b. In 1710 it became the Wachtendonck regiment. After the war Field Marshal Josef Lothar Graf Königseck became its colonel and it became the Alt-Königseck regiment.

Baden-Baden / Régal

The Baden-Baden regiment was the oldest of the thirteen regiments founded in 1683 and still existing in 17523. The occasion for his was the 1683 war with the Turks and its first colonel was Prince Louis of Baden. In 1707 he was succeeded by Margrave Louis George of Baden.

Lichtenstein

The Comte de Leslie was the first colonel of this regiment in 16834. In 1692 he was succeeded by the Prince of Lichtenstein. In 1704 the Lichtenstein regiment became the Régal. After the war it became the (François) Wallis regiment in 1718.

Thüngen / Holstein

Later known as Hoch- und Deutschmeister

The Thüngen regiment had been founded in 1683 by the Graf von Pfalz-Neuburg, grand Master of the Teutonic order5. In 1694 it became the Thüngen regiment. In 1710 Prince Frederic de Holstein and in 1719 Diesbach. The fame of the regiment was increased by its regimental march which is here: Deutschmeister Regimentsmarsch.

Marsigli / Tolet Regiment

The Marsigli regiment had been founded in 1682 by Melchior Leopold Freiherr van der Böck6. It first action was the participation in the failed 1683 siege of Neuhäusel. From there it joined the garrison of Vienna on 13 July. During the siege 200 of its men executed a brave sorty on 25 August. After the victory of the Kahlemberg on 12 September the regiment marched to Párkány. In 1684 the regiment participated in the 27 June battle of Waitzen / Vác, which led to the conquest of that town. From 15 July till 19 October it then participated in the failed siege of Ofen (i.e. Buda, the western part of Budapest). On 16 August 1685 the regiment participated in the Battle of Gran and the 20 August assault and conquest of Neuhäusel. In 1686 the regiment was in the siege which led to the conquest of Ofen on 2 September. In 1687 the regiment was in the 12 August battle of Mohács and wintered in Transylvania. In 1688 the regiment was in the blockade of Stuhlweissenburg and the conquest of Belgrade.

In 1689 the van der Böck regiment went to the western front to fight France. Its first action their was the siege of Mainz, which was followed by the conquest of Bonn. In the next year the regiment started on the Rhine but was transferred back to Hungary. There it fought in the 19 August 1691 battle of Slankamen and the 1692 conquest of Grosswardein. In 1693 Van der Böck transferred to Bavarian service. He was succeeded as owner by the famous scientist Marsigli and Freiherr Tanner became regimental commander. In 1695 the regiment was reorganised to count 3 battalions of 4 companies each in stead of 2 battalions. On 11 September 1697 the regiment participated in the Battle of Zenta.

At the beginning of the War of the Spanish Succession the Marsigli regiment was reorganized to count 4 battalions and two grenadier companies. At first the Marsigli regiment stayed in Hungary, but in June 1702 it arrived at the Siege of Landau, which ended on 9 September. In October 1702 the regiment was in the Battle of Friedlingen. In 1703 part of the regiment was in Alt-Breisach under its owner Marsigli who was second in command of the fortress. The hastened surrender of this town spelled the end of Marsigli's career. After this the regiment was in the lost Battle on the Speyerbach.

As a consequence of the surrender of Alt Breisach the commander of the town was beheaded and Marsigli was sacked and banned. In 1704 he was succeeded as owner by Anton Aegidius Graf Jörger zu Tolet. The Tolet regiment then participated in the third siege of Landau, which surrendered on 22 November 1704. In 1705 the regiment went to Hungary and fought in the Battle of Sibo. It then continued in Hungary and fought in the 1708 Battle of Trentschin. In 1709 it participated in the conquest of Kesmark, Leutschau and Gatsch. In 1710 it again conquered Neuhäusel and after the surrender of Kosice the campaign ended.

The Tolet regiment then went to Germany where it was employed in the garrison of Landau. After the loss of Landau and Freiburg to Villars the regiment went to Hungary. After the war the regiment became the Ottokar Starhemberg regiment in 1716.

Solari / Harrach

The Solari regiment had been founded in 1683 by Graf von Wallis7. In 1689 it became the Jörger and in 1691 Ottinger. In 1693 Sapiéha became colonel and in 1694 Solari. In 1704 Josef Graf von Harrach became colonel.

Herberstein

The Herberstein regiment had been founded in 1683 and two Comtes de Souches were the first colonels8. In 1691 it became the Herberstein regiment. In 1701 the regiment was in Italy with 2 or 3 battalions8b. After the war Casimir Wurmbrand succeeded in 1718.

Nigrelli / Zumjungen

The Nigrelli regiment had been founded in 1683 by Count Nigrelli9. In 1683 it was at first in garrison under lieutenant-colonel Archinto and Major Syro9b. After the siege of Vienna had been lifted it went to Hungary, where in fall 1684 it joined the corps of General Schulz in the Zips. That year Cassini became lieutenant-colonel of the regiment and acting commander. It spent 1685 in Upper-Hungary and joined the main army in 1686. That year it participated in the assault on Ofen and wintered in Neuhäusel. In 1687 it was in the Battle of Mohács. The next year the regiment wintered in Serbia. In 1689 the regiment went to Upper-Hungary where its owner 'Feldzeugmeister' Nigrelli commanded and here it stayed till 1697. That year the Nigrelli regiment participated in the battle of Zenta. Aftert that it was in garrison on the Saave till 1701.

In the beginning of 1701 the Nigrelli regiment went to Italy. Here it was in camp at San Antonio near Verona and was present in a 1701 order of battle with 4 battalions9c. It then participated in the Battle of Chiari where it suffered 8 killed and 23 wounded. In December 1701 the regiment was in Pizzighetone. In February 1702 the regiment participated in the Surprise of Cremona. In August that year it was in the Battle of Luzzara. In 1703 one of its battalions was in Trento and one was in the Castle of Arco. On 9 August 1703 the French commander Medavi started to besiege it and took the town of Arco the same night. On 12 August they started to bombard the castle and in the evening of 16 August they assaulted it. The assault failed with a loss of 200 men, but the battalion surrendered prisoners of war on the 18th. At the end of 1703 Nigrelli died and Johann Hieronymus von und zum Jungen became owner of the regiment.

In 1704 the Zumjungen regiment was in Italy where it concentrated near Lake Garda with two battalions. In August 1705 the regiment was in the battle of Cassano. In September 1706 it participated in the Battle of Turin. In 1707 it was at first part of the expedition against Toulon, but later it went to Naples where it seems to have remained for the rest of the war. After the war Prince Maximilian von Hessen-Kassel became colonel in 1732.

Lapaczeck / Palffy

The Lapaczeck regiment had been founded in 1683 by Maximilian von Starhemberg10. In 1685 Althan became colonel and in 1689 Czisla. In 1691 Lapaczeck became colonel. He was succeeded by Nicolas Palffy in 1709. After the war the Prince of Sachsen-Hilburgshausen became colonel in 1732.

Wezel / Heindel / Sickingen

The Wezel regiment had been founded in 1683 by Charles Leopold Duke of Lorraine11. In 1688 he was succeeded by Joseph de Lorraine. In 1700 Wezel became colonel. He was succeeded by Heindel in 1705 and Sickingen in 1714.

Fürstenberg / Longueval / Würtemberg

In 1683 nine companies were levied under the name Halbstadt. In 1694 these were formed into a regiment under Fürstemberg12. In 1703 Longueval succeeded, but before the end of the year he was replaced by Prince Alexander von Würtemberg. After the war Count Cajétan de Kolowrath became colonel in 1737.

Guido Starhemberg

The Guido Starhemberg regiment had been founded as Scharffenberg regiment in 168313. In 1688 Guido Starhemberg succeeded to the regiment. In 1701 the regiment was in Italy with 4 battalions13b. After the war he was replaced by the Baron de Molcke in 1737.

Bagni

The Bagni regiment had been founded as Comte Sereni in 168314. In 1691 Amezaga became colonel. He was succeeded by Bagni in 1693. In 1701 the Bagni regiment was in Italy with 3 battalions14b. In early January 1703 part of the Bagni regiment guarded Bondanella with 400 men. Here it was attacked by the Comte de Vaubecourt on 13 January with 1,500 men. The strong point was lost and the unit suffered heavy losses14c. After the war Langlet succeeded to the regiment in 1721.

(Mansfeld) Gehlen / Maximilian Starhemberg 3 battalions

The Gehlen regiment had been founded by the Prince of Mansfeld in 168315. In 1701 the Mansfelt regiment was in Italy with 3 battalions15b. In 1702 Gehlen succeeded to the regiment. He was succeeded by Maximilian von Starhemberg in 1703. After the war Graf Emanuel von Starhemberg became colonel in 1742.

Gschwind

The Gschwind regiment had been founded in 1683 for Prince Friedrich von Württemberg16. In 1685 Spinola became colonel, and in 1686 Guido Starhemberg. He was succeeded by Archinto in 1688. In 1693 Gschwind became colonel. After the war he was succeeded by Trautson in 1721.

Haslinger

The regiment Haslinger had been founded as Knigge in 168317. In 1684 Metternich became colonel. He was succeeded by Haslinger in 1689. After the war Walsegg became colonel in 1717.

Trautmandorf / Salm / Daun

When it was founded in 1683 the Trautmansdorf regiment was the first regiment founded after 168318. The first chief was the Comte de Grana. In 1688 Stroffer became colonel, but he was succeeded by Friese in the same year. In 1690 Trautmansdorf became colonel. In 1704 Salm succeeded to the regiment. Heinrich Josef Graf van Daun succeeded to the regiment in 1711.

Philippe Daun

The Daun regiment had been founded as Houschin regiment in 168419. In 1699 Philippe von Daun succeeded to the regiment. In 1701 the regiment was present in an order of battle of the Imperial army in Italy with 4 battalions19b. After the war the Comte de Mercy-d'Argenteau became chief in 1742.

Guttenstein / Wetzel

The Guttenstein regiment had been founded as Thungen regiment in 168520. In 1694 Tabernath succeeded. In 1695 Guttenstein became regimentschef. In 1701 the Guttenstein was in an order of Battle for Italy with 3 or 4 battalions20b, but from the fact that the 'soll' strength of 1702 was the same as the older regiments we conclude that the regiment was to have 4 battalions. In 1707 Wetzel succeeded Guttenstein. After the war Bettendorf succeeded to the regiment in 1721.

Gratz / Sickingen / Wallenstein

In 1689 this regiment had been founded as Coburg21. In 1695 it became the Gratz regiment. He was succeeded by Sickingen in 1704. In 1706 Wallenstein became colonel. After the war he was succeeded by Broune in 1715.

Neipperg

The Pfeffershofen regiment had been founded by Graf Wilhelm von Ottingen-Baldern in 169122. In 1692 he was succeeded by the Freiherr von Pfeffershofen. In 1692 the regiment participated in the siege of Gros-Wardein. Later it participated in the 1696 battle of Ollasch. In 1700 Eberhard Friedrich von Neipperg succeeded to the regiment. In 1705 it then fought in the battle of Schibo. After the war his son Wilhelm Reinhardt von Neipperg succeeded to the regiment in 1717.

Thierheim / Von der Lancken

The Thierheim regiment had been founded in 1698 as Thierheim23. In 1713 Von der Lancken succeeded. After the war the Duc de Arembergh succeeded to the regiment in 1716.

Osnabrück

The Osnabrück regiment had been founded in 170124. After the war Charles de Lorraine succeeded to the regiment in 1716.

Bayreuth

The Bayreuth regiment had been founded by Markgraf Christian-Ernst von Bayreuth25. It was hereditary in his house and in 1727 Wilhelm Ernst von Bayreuth was owner.

Holstein-Plön / Darnant

The Holstein-Plön regiment had been founded in 1702 for the Duke of Holstein-Plön26. He was succeeded by Darnant in 1704. After the war Kettler succeeded in 1728.

Baboczay

In 1702 the Baboczay regiment was created27. He was succeeded by Giulay in 1707. After the war François Palffy became colonel in 1729.

Notes

1) La Science des Personnes de Cour, d'epée et de Robe, commencée par Mr. de Chevigni, continuée par Mr. de Limiers, Revue, Corrigée, et considérablement augmentée par Mr. Pierre Massuet, Docteur en Médecine, tome Septième. Amesterdam 1752.
2) La Science etc. page 78 about the Kriechbaum regiment.
2b) Ordre de battaile de l'armée Imperiaux en Italie 1701 has the Kriechbaum with 4 battalions
3) La Science etc. page 79 about the Baden-Baden regiment.
4) La Science etc. page 79 about the Lichtenstein regiment.
5) La Science etc. page 79 about the Thüngen regiment.
6) Geschichte des K.K. Infanterie regiments Erzherzog Rainer No. 59, Salzburg 1856 for the Marsigli regiment.
7) La Science etc. page 79 about the Solari regiment.
8) La Science etc. page 79 about the Herberstein regiment.
8b) Ordre de battaile de l'armée Imperiaux en Italie 1701 has the Herberstein with 2-3 battalions
9) La Science etc. page 80 about the Nigrelli regiment.
9b) Geschichte des K.K. 27. Linien regiments Leopold I König der Belgier by Carl von Phybila, Wien 1858 for most of the details of the Nigrelli regiment.
9c) Ordre de battaile de l'armée Imperiaux en Italie 1701 has the Nigrelli with 4 battalions
10) La Science etc. page 80 about the Lapaczeck regiment.
11) La Science etc. page 80 about the Wezel regiment.
12) La Science etc. page 80 about the Fürstemberg regiment.
13) La Science etc. page 80 about the Guido Starhemberg regiment.
13b) Ordre de battaile de l'armée Imperiaux en Italie 1701 has the Starhemberg with 4 battalions
14) La Science etc. page 81 about the Bagni regiment.
14b) Ordre de battaile de l'armée Imperiaux en Italie 1701 has the Bagny with 3 battalions
14c) Letter by the Comte de Vaubecourt to Vendome 13 January 1703, printed in the Europische Mercurius for 1703 under January, page 45 about the action at Bondanella.
15) La Science etc. page 81 about the Ghelen regiment.
15b) Ordre de battaile de l'armée Imperiaux en Italie 1701 has the Mansfeld / Ghelen with 3 battalions
16) La Science etc. page 81 about the Gschwind regiment.
17) La Science etc. page 81 about the Haslinger regiment.
18) La Science etc. page 81 about the Trautmannsdorf regiment.
19) La Science etc. page 81 about the Philippe Daun regiment.
19b) Ordre de battaile de l'armée Imperiaux en Italie 1701 has the Daun with 4 battalions
20) La Science etc. page 82 about the Guttenstein regiment.
20b) Ordre de battaile de l'armée Imperiaux en Italie 1701 has the Guttenstein with 3 or 4 battalions
21) La Science etc. page 82 about the Graz regiment.
22) La Science etc. page 82 about the Pfeffershofen regiment.
23) La Science etc. page 82 about the Thierheim regiment.
24) La Science etc. page 82 about the Osnabrück regiment.
25) La Science etc. page 82 about the Bayreuth regiment.
26) La Science etc. page 83 about the Holstein-Plön regiment.
27) La Science etc. page 83 about the Baboczay regiment.