The regiment de Nettancourt or Guyenne, 2 battalions
Gardez ces canons du Turc, vous les avez bien gagnés. Emperor Leopold
Origins of the regiment of Guyenne
This is not the regiment known as regiment de Guyenne up till 1762. The regiment described here was known as regiment de Nettancourt till 1704. It only became known as Guyenne when it took that name on 10 December 1762. Before this date a regiment created by Louis XIV had held that name. Henri de Nettancourt comte de Vaubecourt, a Lorraine Nobleman levied an infantry regiment in 1589 in order to fight on the side of Henry IV. The regiment was dismissed in 1598 and the regiment then followed the count to Hungary where it conquered Raab. In 1606 the regiment was again brought into French service. In 1610 this essentially foreign regiment was finally brought into French service. In that same year it was reduced to the colonel's company, but in 1616 it was again brought to strength.
The regiment de Guyenne against the Turcs
In 1664 the regiment de Guyenne was part of the force sent by Louis XIV against the Turcs. On 1 August 1664 it played a decisive role in the Battle of Saint Gotthard. Here the emperor made the regiment a present of four nice canons, stating: Gardez ces canons du Turc, vous les avez bien gagnés.. In 1665 it then participated in the Siege of Erfurt. After returning to France all but four of its companies were transferred to the Champagne regiment. In 1669 the regiment was sent to save Crete.
The regiment de Guyenne in the Franco-Dutch War
In 1671 the regiment was brought back to 16 companies. In 1672 the regiment then participated in the Franco-Dutch war and took part in the sieges of Maaseik, Genappe and Grave. In 1673 the regiment participated in the Siege of Maastricht. After that the regiment went into garrison in Trier. In 1674 the regiment fought at Sinzheim, Entzheim and Muhlhausen. In 1675 it was in the victory of Turckheim. It then participated in lifting the sieges of Hagenau and Saverne. Later that year it participated in the sieges of Condé, Bouchain and Aire. In 1677 it went to the Rhine again where it participated in the Battle of Kokersberg and the siege of Freibourg.
The Guyenne regiment started 1678 with the sieges of Gent and Ieper. It then went to the Rhine again and participated in the battles of Langendentzlingen and Seckingen and the sieges of Kehl and Lichtemberg. In 1679 it was in the battle of Minden. After a couple of quite years the Guyenne regiment participated in the Siege of Luxembourg in 1684.
The regiment de Guyenne in the Nine Years War
In the Nine Years War the regiment of Guyenne started by participating in the siege of Philippsbourg. In 1689 the regiment participated in the Battle of Walcourt. After that it was involved in taking Mannheim and Frankenthal and in the defense of Mainz. In 1690 the regiment fought at Fleurus and in 1691 it participated in the siege of Mons. In 1692 the Guyenne was in the army assembled on the coast of Normandy in order to fight in Ireland. The Guyenne then went to Italy were it fought in the Battle of Marsiglia. In 1694 it was in the Battle on the Ter, the sieges of Palamos, Girona, Ostalrich and Castelfollit. At the end of the campaign it was put into garrison at Palamos where it defended that place. In 1696 the regiment went to Piedmont. Here it participated in the Siege of Valence. In 1697 it was in the Moselle army and spent an uneventful year.
The regiment de Guyenne in the War of the Spanish Succession
In the War of the Spanish Succession the Guyenne regiment started in the garrison of Landau that was besieged. There the first battalion was in the dfense of the covered road while the second was in the defense of the crown work. The Marquis de Nettancourt sought to join his regiment, but was taken prisoner by the Imperial forces. He was however set free by the emperor because of the earlier services of the regiment at St. Gotthard
In 1703 the re-established regiment served at the siege of Kehl. It then marched into Germany where it participated in the first battle of Höchstädt and the conquest of Augsburg. In 1704 the regiment was in the Battle of the Schellenberg. There its colonel the Marquis de Nettancourt, who had bought the regiment for 70,000 livres in 1695, and had made great expenses to re-estblish it in 1703 was mortally wounded. He was succeeded by the Comte de Mailly. The regiment was no longer servicable after the Schellenberg and so it was in Augsburg during the Battle of Blenheim. After that it returned to Alsace and spent the whole of 1705 at Huningue.
In 1706 the regiment went to Catalonia and participated in the failed siege of Barcelona. In 1707 the regiment was at the Battle of Almansa. Later that year it participated in the siege of Lérida and that of Morella. In 1708 the regiment got De Bueil-Racan as colonel. That year it started with the sieges of Tortosa and Denia. In 1709 the regiment was present in the Siege of Alicante and in 1710 it went to Flanders. It then participated in the defense of Aire. In 1711 the regiment garrisoned Saint Omer till 12 June 1712 and went to the Rhine. After the victory of Denain the regiment served in the sieges of Douai, Quesnoy and Bouchain. In 1713 the regiment went to the Siege of Landau and participated in the Siege of Freibourg. The regiment then became the property of the Marquis de Boufflers-Rémiancourt. After the peace of Rastadt the regiments of De Choiseul-Beaupré, La Raimbaudière, De Barbançon, De Sennectère and d'Entragues were incorporated into the regiment.
|1) Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française volume IV, page 50 for most of this article about the regiment de Guyenne.|
|2) Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française volume IV, page 79 for the regiment taking the name Régiment de Guyenne.|