The Lorraine regiment, 2 battalions

Origins of the regiment de Lorraine

The regiment de Lorraine was created with its title on 21 February 16841. Its first colonel was De Monchy, marquis d'Hocquincourt.

The regiment de Lorraine in the Nine Years War

The first action by the Lorraine that we know of was its presence in the 1690 Battle of Fleurus, where its colonel was killed2. He was succeeded by his brother the Comte de'Hocquincourt. He was killed near Huy in 16923. On 4 October 1692 he was succeeded by Jean Marie de Percin marquis de Montgaillard. That year it participated in the siege of Namur. In 1693 it was in the amry of the Alps, with which it fought at Marsiglia. In 1694 the Lorraine regiment went to Germany and in 1695 to Flanders. In 1696 and 1697 the Lorraine was on the Meuse.

The regiment de Lorraine in the War of the Spanish Succession

In the War of the Spanish Succession the Lorraine regiment started on the Upper Rhine and fought in the Battle of Friedlingen. This was followed by the Siege of Kehl and the Bavarian campaign of 1703. On 16 december 1703 Jean Charles de Bournel de Namps marquis de Monchy became colonel of the regiment.

In 1704 the Lorraine regiment fought in the battle of Battle of Blenheim. This was followed by campagins on the Moselle in 1705 and 1706. In 1707 the Lorraine regiment went to Flanders. In 1708 it fought in the Battle of Oudenaarde and in 1709 at Malplaquet. On 29 March 1710 the marquis de Monchy became Maréchal de camp and sold his regiment4.

On 29 March 1710 the Comte de la Mothe Houdancourt became colonel of the Lorraine regiment. That same year it was employed in the defense of Aire in 1710, where he was killed. On 27 January 1711 Jean Etienne de Varennes Gournay became colonel. In 1712 the Lorraine fought at Denain and in the sieges of Douai, Quesnoy and Bouchain. At the end of the War of the Spanish Succession the Lorraine was in the 1713 sieges of Landau and Freiburg. On 10 December 1762 the regiment was incorporated into the Aunis regiment5. In 1766 another regiment took the name 'Lorraine'.

Flag of the regiment de Lorraine

The flag of the regiment de Lorraine had two green quarters and two grey quarters.

Notes

1) Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française vol 8 page 213 for a short description of the Lorraine regiment.
2) Daniel page 302 has colonel marquis d'Hocquincourt killed in Holland.
3) Daniel page 302 also has the colonel and brother of the previous colonel killed near Huy. He also states that another brother of them was also killed near Huy.
4) Dictionairre historique et biogrphique des généraux français etc. by Courcelles Paris 1823, vol. 17 page 449 about the marquis de Monchy leaving his regiment.
5) Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française volume IV, page 323 for a note about the Aunis regiment.