Origins of the regiment regiment De Sault
One should first notice that from 1605-1702 this regiment was known as the regiment De Sault1. It was only known as regiment the Flandre when it took that title on 10 December 17622. The first traces of the regiment de Flandre can be found in two companies of 100 men each levied by François de Bonne de Lesdiguières and a regiment known as Régiment de Bonne. These units were merged and after a lot of events the regiment was reduced to the company of the mestre de camp on 6 May 1598. On account of the war with Savoy the regiment was reinstated on 3 April 1600. It was then again reduced to one company on 17 January 1601. In 1605 this company became the property of the Comte de Canaples. Under his command it was reinstated on 24 April 1610 and renamed as Régiment de Sault.
The regiment de Sault in the Franco-Dutch War
In 1672 the regiment de Flandre was in the army that crossed the Rhine. The regiment then went to the Siege of Njmegen, the affair of Ameide and the expedition to Bodegraven and Zwammerdam. In 1673 the De Sault remained in Holland and in 1674 it passed to Rousillon. In 1675 it was in the siege of Bellegarde. In 1676 it remained on the Spanish front and fought near d'Espouilles. The regiment de Flandre ended this war with the Siege of Puycerda in 1678. In 1681 the regiment was in Italy and in 1683 and 1684 it worked at the citadel of Strassbourg.
The regiment De Sault in the Nine Years War
In the Nine Years War the first battalion started by taking Avignon while the second battalion started with the siege of Philippsbourg. In 1689 only the first battalion served at the Rhine. At the end of 1690 the whole De Sault regiment went to the Dauphiné, from where it went to the siege of Nice in March 1691. Later that year it participated in the sieges of Veillane, Carmagnola and Montmélian. In 1692 the regiment participated in the defense of Pignerol and Suza. In 1693 the regiment participated in the siege of Roses and the battle of Marsiglia. In 1694 its third battalion, that had ben founded in 1688 joined the regiment. That year the regiment fought at the passage of the Ter and served at the sieges of Palamos, Girona and Ostalrich, where the third battalion was put into garrison. Late in 1695 the third battalion was made into a new regiment under mr. de Sourches. The regiment then continued on the Spanish front and participated in the Siege of Barcelona. After the peace of Rijswijk the regiment went to garrison in Nimes.
The regiment De Sault in the War of the Spanish Succession
In the War of the Spanish Succession the regiment De Sault started at Toulon, from where it was shipped to Italy. There it fought at Carpi and Chiari in 1701 and wintered in Pavia. In 1702 it was present at the Battle of Santa Vittoria and the Battle of Luzzara. Here it suffered heavy losses because it was too thinly spread. It was then sent to Modena and took little part in the 1703 campaign. In 1703 the Comte de Sault, who was also Duke of Lesdiquières, died, and so the regiment took the name of its new colonel mr. de Tessé.
In 1704 the regiment participated in the Siege of Vercelli and the Siege of Ivrea. It was also in the Siege of Verrua and in an affair at Carpi in October 1705. In 1706 the regiment was at the siege of Turin and wintered in the Dauphiné. In 1707 it defended Toulon. In 1708 Tallard became colonel and the regiment went to the Rhine. In 1709 it fought at Rumersheim. In 1710 the regiment continued in the lines and wintered at Alt-Breisach. In 1713 the Flandre participated in the sieges of Landau and Freibourg. After the peace the regiments of de Sève, D'Artagnan, De Conflans, Lachau-Montauban, Turbilly and De Masselin were incorporated into the regiment.
Flag of the regiment De Sault
The flag of the regiment De Sault had two violet quarters and two ochre yellow (Aurora) quarters3.
|1) Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française volume IV, page 1 for most of this article about the regiment De Sault.|
|2) Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française volume IV, page 38 for the regiment taking the name Régiment de Flandre.|
|3) Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française volume IV, page 38 for the flag of the Régiment De Sault.|